Border Reivers of Scotland
Strongholds of the Border Reivers. In the year 1296, Edward I of England launched a series of vicious raids across the Anglo-Scottish Border in his attempt to annexe Scotland. The Scots retaliated and the two countries were plunged into 300 years of war in which the Borderland became the frontline and raiding, or 'reiving,' encouraged by both sides, became a way of life. Keith Durham examines the Border fortresses, ranging from small, well-defended castles to imposing tower houses, or 'peles,' and a variety of fortified farmhouses known as 'bastles.' He also investigates the many churches that were strengthened against attack and in times of trouble served as sanctuaries for their congregations. Fortress 70: Strongholds of the Border Reivers: Fortifications of the Anglo-Scottish Border 1296-1603 (Fortress).
The Story Of The Border Reivers. Only one period in history is immediately, indelibly and uniquely linked to the whole area of the Scottish and English Border country, and that is the time of the Reivers. Whenever anyone mentions 'Reiver', no-one hesitates to add 'Border'. It is an inextricable association, and rightly so. Nowhere else in Britain in the modern era, or indeed in Europe, did civil order break down over such a wide area, or for such a long time. For more than a century the hoof-beats of countless raiding parties drummed over the border. From Dumfriesshire to the high wastes of East Cumbria, from Roxburghshire to Redesdale, from the lonely valley of Liddesdale to the fortress city of Carlisle, swords and spears spoke while the law remained silent. Fierce family loyalty counted for everything while the rules of nationality counted for nothing. The whole range of the Cheviot Hills, its watershed ridges and the river valleys which flowed out of them became the landscape of larceny while Maxwells, Grahams, Fenwicks, Carletons, Armstrongs and Elliots rode hard and often for plunder. These were the Riding Times and in modern European history, they have no parallel. This book tells the remarkable story of the Reivers and how they made the Borders. The Reivers: The Story of the Border Reivers.
Exploring Border Reivers History. The Border Country has always been a wild area, both in landscape and in history. It has seen many years of war and turmoil, but is an area of great beauty and has the capacity to imprint its unique charisma on every visitor. It is a fascinating and romantic area and yet the stories of its bloody history can still chill the soul. About 400 years ago, it was a desperate and dangerous place, this was the long-disputed Border Region separating the continually warring kingdoms of England and Scotland, a land of few law abiding people and a land where no man dare venture unarmed. This was a place where life was lived under the constant threat of violence, an unsettling, windswept land where every home was a fortress and almost every family at feud, this was a time of constant raid and reprisal when killing, burning, looting, theft, robbery and blackmail were an accepted way of life for the great Border Families such as the Armstrongs, the Nixons, the Milburns, the Kerrs, the Dodds, the Robsons, the Grahams and the Elliots. They are remembered today as the Border Reivers! Tough and rugged, these hard men were merciless racketeers and plunderers who held little sacred except their pledged word. Exploring Border Reivers History.
Sanctuaries: Security and Defence... in Anglo-Scottish Border
Churches, 1296-1603. This text is about the fortified churches
which form a feature of the borderlands between Scotland and
England. Through these buildings the author draws a picture
of the people and events which shaped this land, from the actions
of government to events and incidents which shaped everyday
The Border Reivers (Men-at-arms S.) This is an account of the uniforms, insignia, weaponry, campaigns and military practices of the border reivers, the guerrilla soldiers who ran wild in the Marches of England and Scotland between the 13th and 17th centuries, and who for a while produced the best cavalry of their time, playing a decisive role in such battles as Flodden and Solway Moss.
Abbey This is the first authoritative account of Scotland's
most famous medieval monastery.
Fury: England and Scotland at War, 1296-1568
For three hundred years England and Scotland fought a bitter
series of wars for territorial enlargement. Border Fury provides
a fascinating account of the period of Anglo-Scottish Border
conflict from the Edwardian invasions of 1296 until the Union
of the Crowns under James VI of Scotland, James I of England
Buildings of Scotland (Pevsner Buildings of Scotland S.)
The Scottish Borders have some of the most romantic countryside
in Scotland, ranging from rocky coastline to rolling moors and
farmland. The early buildings reflect a history of conflict,
expressed in the plethora of castle strongholds and tower houses
of the Anglo-Scottish Wars and their aftermath.
To Tour Scottish Borders