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Scottish Surnames, Daiches to Dyson

DAICHES, David (1912-) of Edinburgh. Professor of English, Univ. of Sussex (1961-), at Cornell Univ., USA (1946-51). Lecturer on English at Cambridge (1951-61). Dean of the School of English Studies (1961-68).

A bushy vale.

DALGETTY, James S. (1907-). Became Senior Legal Draftsman to the Govt. of Nyasaland in 1962.

DALHOUSIE, (James Andrew Broun-Ramsay) Marquis of (1812-60) of Dalhousie Castle. Became the greatest of Indian Proconsuls. Appointed Governor-General of India in 1848, the youngest Viceroy ever, and his administration was a tremendous success.

Local: from Dallas in Elginshire. The name signifies a watered meadow; dail, a meadow, and uis, water. Sir William de Doleys was living in 1286 ; in 1367 John de Dolais was Thane of Cromdale.

Local: from the lands of Dalmahoy in MidLothian. The family was distinguished as far back as the time of Alexander III.

Local: from the barony of Dalrymple in Ayrshire. The family are descended from Adam de Dalrymple, temp. Alexander III.

Dalrymple, Alexander (1737-1801) of Musselburgh. Hydrographer of the East India Co. (1779-) and to the Admiralty in 1795.

DALRYMPLE-HAMILTON, Sir Frederick H. G. (1890-) of Gir-vin. Vice-Admiral Malta and Flag Officer, Central Mediterranean Fleet (1945-46). Admiral. Joint Services Mission, Washington D.C. (1948-50).

DALYELL, Tam (1599-1685). Defeated the Covenanters at Rullion Green in 1666. Became a General in the Russian Army. The Royal Scots Greys Regiment was raised by him in 1681.

Barony of Dalzell in Lanarkshire gives origin to this name. A kinsman of King Kenneth II, so it is said, was hanged and the king offered a great reward to the man who could rescue the body. A man stepped forward and exclaimed 'Dal Zeil' which in old Scots means 'I dare'. The family had lands in Lanarkshire and Dumfriesshire, and a cadet branch built the House of Binns in West Lothian.
Sir Thomas Dalyell of the Binns (1599-1685) raised the Royal Scots Greys Regiment in 1681, it is now called the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards. Variant spellings are Dalyell, Dalzel, Dalziel and Dalziell.

This family bear for their arms, sable, a naked man with the arms extended proper, and the motto, " I dare," to perpetuate a brave exploit performed by one of their ancestors. A near kinsman of Kenneth II was hung by the Picts, which so grieved the king that he offered a large reward to any one who would rescue the corpse; no one, however, would undertake the enterprise; at last one came to the king and said: "Dalziell," which signifies, I dare; and he rescued the body and brought it to the king, for which act his posterity took their name of Dalziell, and the arms and motto which they still use.

The judgment of God.

The son of David, which signifies beloved.

The Davidsons. When the power of the Comyns began to wane in Badenoch, Donald Dubh of Invernahaven, Chief of the Davidsons, having married the daughter of Angus, 6th of Mackintosh, sought the protection of William, 7th of Mackintosh, before 1350, and became associated
with the Clan Chattan confederation. The clan became known as the Clan Dhai from David Dubh of Invernahaven their first chief. Their entry into the Clan Chattan led to a dispute apparently regarding precedence. A portion of Mackintosh's estate lying in Lochaber was let to the Camerons and Mackintosh had difficulty in obtaining rent for it. About 1370 the Camerons decided to attack Mackintosh, who prepared to meet them at the head of several branches of the Clan Chattan. When the forces came in sight of each other, the Macphersons, owing to their dispute with the Davidsons, withdrew from the conflict, and Clan Chattan were defeated. During the night, Mackintosh sent his bard as coming from the Camerons to the camp of the Macphersons and accused them of cowardice.

Thus enraged, the Macphersons attacked the Camerons during the night and completely defeated them. The enmity between the two branches continued, and by some historians the Davidsons are identified with the Clan Dhai, who fought with the Macphersons in the famous Clan Battle on the North Inch of Perth, in 1396, before King Robert I, when only one man of the Clan Dhai and eleven of their opponents remained alive at the termination of the combat.

In the 18th century we find important families like the Davidson's of Cantray and the Davidsons of Tulloch. The latter family came into possession of the lands and castle of Tulloch, near Dingwall.

Davidson, Charles F. (1911-) of Monifieth. Professor of Geology, Univ. of St Andrews (1955-). Chief Geologist to the British Atomic Energy Organisation (1942-55).

Davidson, Revd D. (1781-1858) of Wick, Caithness. Theologian and editor. Compiler of several Biblical Dictionaries and Commentaries.

Davidson, Francis (1905-) of Nairn. Finance Officer, Singapore High Commission, London. Sometime Accountant-General to Nigeria.

Davidson, J. Norman (1911-) of Edinburgh. Professor of Biochemistry, Univ. of London, St Thomas's Hosp., (1946-47). Guest Lecturer to Ghent, Brussels, Brazil and Malaysia (1954-63) also to Oslo, Upsala, USA, Warsaw and Moscow.

Davidson, John (1858-1909) of Barrhead, Renfrewshire. Writer, poet and dramatist. His poems included two series of Fleet Street Eclogues (1893 and 1896) for which he won critical acclaim.

Davidson, John C. Campbell, Viscount. (1889-) of Aberdeen. Secretary of State for the Colonies (1910), Parliamentary Sec. to the Admiralty (1924-27), Chairman Unionist Party (1927-30). Controller of Production (1941).

Davidson, Randall Thomas (Lord Davidson of Lambeth) (1848-1930) of Edinburgh. 96th Archbishop of Canterbury (1903-28).

Davidson, Robert (1804-99) of Aberdeen. Described as father of the electric locomotive. Constructed a two-person carriage in 1839, and a locomotive capable of drawing 5 tons at 4 mph in 1842.

Davidson, Roger A. McLaren (1900-) of Perthshire. In the Colonial Education Service, he was Inspector-General of Education, Nigeria (1951-53).

Davidson, Thomas (1840-1900) of Deer, Aberdeenshire. Philosopher, lecturer and writer on Mediaeval Philosophy, Education and Art. In 1883 he founded the 'Fellowship of the New Life', from which the Fabian Society developed.

DAWSON, John A. (1910-) of Aberdeen. Air Ministry Chief En-gineer, Coastal Command Air Defence of Gt. Britain. Director of Works A.M. (1940-48). Chief Resident Engineer London Airport (1948-54).

An arbitrator.

Local: from the lands of Dennistoun in Renfrewshire. The family have been seated in the west of Scotland since the eleventh century - in the time of Malcolm IV, one Danziel, probably a Norman, received a grant of lands which he called Danzielstoun. The family are descended from Sir Hugh de Danzielstoun, 1296.

DENT, Alan H. (1905-) of Ayrshire. Author, critic, journalist and broadcaster. Lectured on fine art criticism at Toronto, Boston, Vassar, Princeton and New York Universities.

DEWAR, Sir James (1842-1923) of Kincardine-on-Forth. Professor at Cambridge. Invented the vacuum flask, discovered cordite, jointly with Sir Frederick Abel. Liquified and froze many gases, including oxygen.

DEWAR, Kenneth G. B. (1879-1964) of Edinburgh? Vice-Admiral, Deputy Director Naval Intelligence Div. (1925-27). Commanded HMS Royal Oak and Tiger (1928-29).

DEWAR, Robert J. (1923-) of Glasgow. Chief Conservator of Forests, Nyasaland (1955-60). Director of Forestry and Game, Malawi (1960-64).

An abbreviation of Richard. The family are supposed to be of Danish origin, and to be the same as Van Dyke. William de Dyck, Alderman of Edinburgh, 1296, was the ancestor of some of the Scottish families of Dick.

Dick, Robert (1811-66) ofTullybody, Clackmannanshire. A baker in Thurso from 1830. Self-taught geologist and botanist.

Dick, Thomas (1774-1857) from near Dundee. Minister and scientist whose astronomical writings tended to support Christian teaching.

The son of Dickie.

The son of Dick or Richard. The family are descended from Richard Keith, a son of Hervey de Keith, Earl Marshal of Scotland, by his wife Margaret daughter of William third Lord Douglas. This Richard Keith bore for his arms azure, three mullets argent, being the arms of Douglas, a chief or, three pallets gules, being the arms of Keith - his son Thomas Dicson, born 1247, was the immediate ancestor of the family.

Probably originally d'Innes, from the lands of Innes in Elginshire.

DINWIDDIE, Robert (1693-1770). His actual place of birth in Scotland is not certain. Governor of Virginia (1752-58).

A corruption of Robert, which signifies famous in council, from rode, council, and beorht, bright.

A great chief.

Donald, William (1891-) of Aberdeen. President The Port Line Ltd., Deputy Chairman Cunard White Star Line Ltd., Cunard Steam-ship Co. Ltd., Midland Bank Ltd., Director Cunard House Ltd., and Clydesdale and North of Scotland Bank Ltd.

The son of Donald.

Donaldson, David A. (1916-). Scottish artist with paintings in private collections in America and Europe. His sitters have included the Queen.

DOUGALL, Neil (1776-1862) of Greenock. Poet and musical composer. Composed about 100 psalm and hymn tunes including 'Kilmarnock'.

There is the following tradition in regard to the origin of the name. In the year 770 Solvathius king of Scotland, obtained a victory over Donald Bain of the Western Isles, by the assistance of a man who was unknown to him. After the battle, being desirous to see one who had done him so signal a service, he was pointed out to him with these words: " Sholto Dhuglass," behold that swarthy man. One of this family, Sir William Douglas, entered into the service of Charlemagne and was the founder of the family of Douglassi in Tuscany. Sir James de Douglas took the heart of Robert Bruce to the Holy Land, to commemorate which his descendants have ever since horn a crowned heart in their arms. Before the death of Bruce in 1329 the arms of the family were azure, three mullets argent.

Douglas, Francis C. R. (Douglas of Barloch) 1st Baron, (1889-) of Glasgow? Chairman House of Commons and of Standing Committees (1946-46), of Estimates Comm. (1945-46) of Finance Comms. of LCC (1940-46). Governor and C in C Malta (1946-49).

Douglas, Charles P. (1921-) of Ayr. Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at the Royal Free School of Medicine, London (1865-). Was Senior Lecturer at the Univ. of West Indies (1959-65).

Douglas, David (1798-1834) of Scone. Botanical traveller in North America. Discovered many new species of flora and introduced to Britain many trees and herbaceous plants, including the Douglas Fir which bears his name.

Douglas, Gavin 5th Earl of Angus (c.1449-1514). Educated at St Andrews. Poet, nicknamed 'Bell the Cat' from the lead he took against Cochrane of Lauder. He filled the highest offices of State and added largely to the family possessions.

Douglas, Sir James (1803-77). Scottish Canadian fur trader who be-came known as the 'Father of British Columbia'.

Douglas, Sir James de, Lord of Douglas (1286-C.1330). He was Robert Bruce's greatest captain in his struggles against the English. After Bruce died, Douglas took Bruce's heart on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem and died crusading in Spain.

Douglas, John Sholto, 9th Marquess of Queensbury (1844-1900). Gave his name and patronage to the rules of boxing which had been drafted by John Chambers.

Douglas, Norman (1868-1952). Australian born Scot. Novelist and travel writer. South Wind is one of his best known works.

Douglas, William Sholto, 1st Baron Douglas of Kirtleside (1893-1969). Marshal of the Royal Air Force. Chairman of British European Airways (1949-64).

Douglas-HOME, Alexander (Alee) Frederick, Lord Home of the Hirsel. (1903-) of Berwickshire. Parliamentarian. Foreign Secretary (1960-63), Prime Minister of Great Britain (1963-64).

The Douglases of Drumlanrig were descended from Sir William Douglas, who was confirmed in his lands of Drumlanrig by James I in 1412. During the 15th century the Drumlanrig family were actively engaged supporting James I and his successors. In 1628, Douglas of Drumlanrig was created a Viscount, and in 1633 he was raised to the Earldom of Queensberry by Charles I.
He administered many important offices in Scotland with great statesmanship, and was created Duke of Queensberry by Charles II in 1684. James, 2nd Duke, was largely responsible for carrying through the Union of 1707. On the death of Charles, 3rd Duke, the title passed to the Earls of March, and later to the Dukes of Buccleuch. The Earldom of Morton was conferred by James II on James Douglas of Dalkeith, in 1458. He married a daughter of James I, and their son John became 2nd Earl. James, 4th Earl, was the famous Regent Morton. He favoured the Reformation, was concerned in the conspiracy against Rizzio, and was a commander at the Battle of Langside. He was elected Regent in 1572, but his administration was unpopular, and in 1581 his enemies succeeded in bringing him to trial for his part in the murder of Darnley, for which he was executed. Sir William Douglas of Lochleven became 7th Earl of Morton, on the death of the 8th Earl of Angus.
When Archibald, Duke of Douglas, died without issue in 1761, the son of his sister Lady Jane Douglas was served heir to the Duke after protracted lawsuits known as the great " Douglas Cause," but the titles of Marquis of Douglas and Earl of Angus, passed to the 7th Duke of
Hamilton, who was the heir male.


Local: from the village of Dreghorn in Ayrshire.

DOWDING, Hugh C. T. 1st Baron (1882-1970) of Moffat. Air Chief Marshal, Royal Air Force. Chief of Fighter Command in the 'Battle of Britain'.

DOWNIE, John Alexander (1847-1907) of Edinburgh. Minister and faith healer, calling himself 'Elijah the Restorer'. Founded, near Chicago, the prosperous industrial and banking community called 'Zion City'.

DRENNAN, Alexander M. (1884-) of Helensburgh. Professor of Pathology, Otago Univ., Dunedin (1914-28) and Queen's Coll., Belfast (1928-31).

DREVER, James (1910-) of Edinburgh? Professor and lecturer on Psychology and Philosophy, King's Coll., Newcastle upon Tyne (1938-41), Royal Navy (1941-45), President Brit. Psychological Society (1960-61) and Social Research Council (1965-)

The back of the mountain - from druim, back, and monadh, the mountain. The family are descended from Maurice, the son of George, a younger son of Andreas, king of Hungary, who came to Scotland in 1066.

That Gilbert de Dromond, del counte de Dunbrettan, swore fealty to Edward I would point to Drymen being the original territory of the clan. Sir Malcolm de Drymen supported Bruce at Bannockburn and is said to have been responsible for strewing the ground with the caltrops which had disastrous results for the English cavalry, a circumstance commemorated by the inclusion of caltrops in the armorial bearings of the Drummonds. After Bannockburn he received grants of land in Perthshire with which the Drummonds are associated in more recent times.

Margaret Drummond married King David II in 1369, and Annabella Drummond, who married King Robert III, was the mother of James I.

Sir John Drummond was created Lord Drummond in 1488, and in 1605 King James VI conferred the Earldom of Perth on the 4th Baron Drummond.

The Drummonds were ever loyal to the Stuart kings, and while they received honours from their royal masters such as the Earldom of Melfort conferred on John, second son of the 3rd Earl of Perth, and the title Viscount Strathallan granted to the Hon. William Drummond, they suffered with the Stuarts in their misfortunes. During the Jacobite Risings they continued their support of the Stuarts and the Earl of Perth was created a Duke by James VII after his escape to France. In the '45 the clan followed Prince Charles, and Viscount Strathallan died on the field of Culloden. The Duke of Perth escaped to France and his brother died during the voyage. The Drummond estates were forfeited, but were restored to the family in 1784 and subsequently passed through the female line to the Earls of Ancaster.

Drummond, Sir Alexander (1901-) of Dundee. Lieut.-General, Director-General Army Medical Services (1956-61).

Drummond, Dame Edith Margaret, of Glasgow? Director of the Women's Royal Naval Service (1964-67).

Drummond, George (1687-1766) of Newton Castle, Blairgowrie. Described as one of the most influential Scots of his time. Was six times Lord Provost of Edinburgh. Edinburgh New Town, the Medical Faculty and the Royal Infirmary all owe their existence to him.

Drummond, Henry (1851-97) of Stirling. Scientist and writer. Made geological surveys on the Rocky Mountains and Central Africa. His chief contribution to literature was his Natural Law in the Spiritual World (1883).

Drummond, James Eric, 16th Earl of Perth (1876-1951). First Secretary-General of the League of Nations (1919-32).

Drummond, Thomas (1797-1840) of Edinburgh. Inventor, administrator and statesman. Invented the Drummond Light which depended on heating a block of lime to incandescence in an oxy-hydrogen flame. It was adapted for lighthouses and later in the theatre where it was known as 'Limelight'. He became Under Sec. for Ireland in 1835.

Drummond, Victoria, of Perth. Became a marine enginer in 1942. For her gallant efforts-when 2nd Engr. on ss Bonita in 1942-during a heavy bombing raid, in keeping damaged engines running, the people of Norfolk, Virginia collected and gave her 400, which she later gave to a seaman's charity.

Drummond, William (1585-1649) of Hawthornden, Midlothian. Man of Letters and poet, mainly on political matters. Ben Johnson walked from London to Scotland to pay him tribute.

Local: from the village of Duddingston in Edinburghshire.

Black. The family are descended from the celebrated Macduff, Thane of Fife in the eleventh century.

Duff, Alexander (1806-78) from near Pitlochry. Ordained first Scot-tish missionary to India. He wanted to end Hinduism. One of the founders of the University of Calcutta, which is named after him.

Duff, Sir Mountstuart E. Grant (1829-1906) of Aberdeenshire. Diarist. Was Governor of Madras until 1886. Elected FRS.

Duff, Sir Robert William (1835-95) of Banffshire. Man of Letters. Became Governor of New South Wales, Australia.

DUGUID, David Robertson (1888-1973) of Boness. Major-General Engineering. Director of Mechanical Engineering, India, and head of the Corps of Indian Electrical and Mechanical Engineering (1943-46).

DUGUID, John B. (1895-) of Belhevie, Aberdeenshire. Lecturer in Morbid Anatomy and History. Adviser on Histopathology to the Institute for Medical Research, Kuala Lumpur. Malaya (1960-68).

DUKE-ELDER, Sir Stewart, St Andrews' First Foundation Scholar (1915). Ophthalmic surgeon of world renown.

Local: from the castle of Dumbrake in Aberdeenshire.

Local: from the parish of Dun in Forfarshire.

Local: from Dunbar in Haddingtonshire, dunabar, the castle on the hill. Crinan, Earl of Northumberland, before the Conquest, was father of Maldred, Earl of Northumberland, whose son, Gospatrick, Earl of Northumberland, having incurred the displeasure of William the Conqueror, went to Scotland in 1068, he was there created Thane of Dunbar and Lothian, and his descendants afterwards assumed the surname of Dunbar.

Crinan the Thane and Seneschal of the Isles was father of King Duncan I an 1 of Maldred, whose son Cospatrick became Earl of Northumbria in 1067. In 1072, he was deprived of that Earldom by William the Conqueror, and coming to Scotland in refuge, was given the Earldom of Dunbar by King Malcolm III.

Cospatrick's descendant, Patrick, 8th Earl, was also Earl of March. The 9th Earl married Agnes, daughter of Thomas Randolph, 1st Earl of Moray. Agnes achieved renown for her spirited defence of Dunbar Castle in 1338. On the death other brother, she inherited the title. Having no issue at her death, the Dunbar Earldom devolved to John, the son of her sister Isobel Randolph. He became Earl of Moray in 1372, and married Marjorie, daughter of King Robert II.

The poet William Dunbar (1460-1520) is supposed to have been from near Dunbar in East Lothian.

Dunbar, Claud I. H. (1909-) of Aviemore? Major-General. Com-manded 2nd Guards Bde. (1949-50) and 4th Guards Bde. (1950-52). General Officer Commanding Berlin (British Sector) (1962-).

Dunbar-NASMITH, David (1921-) of Glenrothes. Rear Admiral. Retired in 1972 as Flag Officer, Scotland and Northern Ireland, and several NATO appointments.

The chieftain's castle, from dun, a castle, and creann, a chieftain.

The Duncans and the Robertsons, or Clan Donnachaidh, appear to have had the same origin. They were descended from the ancient Earls of Atholl and took their name from the chief Donnachadh Reamhar or " Fat Duncan " who led the clan at the Battle of Bannockburn.  The subsequent history of Duncan's descendants is more properly given under the Clan Robertson, but there is here outlined the history of the Duncans of the East of Scotland represented by the family of Duncan of Lundie in Forfarshire.

The Duncans possessed lands in Forfarshire, including the barony of Lundie and the estate of Gourdie. Sir William Duncan was one of the physicians to George III, and in 1764 was created a baronet, but the title became extinct on his death in 1774.

Alexander Duncan of Lundie, provost of Dundee, was a royalist during the Jacobite Rising of 1745. He married Helena, daughter of Haldane of Gleneagles, and their second son, Adam, born in 1731, entered the navy in 1746 and in 1780 he defeated the Spanish at Cape St. Vincent. In 1795 he was appointed commander of the fleet in the North Sea and Admiral of the Blue. He had blockaded the Dutch fleet for two years when the mutiny at the Spithead and Nore spread to all his own ships except the Venerable, his flagship, and the Adamant. By a stratagem he kept the Dutch in the Texel, and in 1797 he gained at Camperdown one of the most glorious victories in the history of the British Navy. For his services he was created Viscount Duncan of Camperdown by George IV in 1800.

Duncan, Adam (1731-1804) of Dundee. When admiral in command of the North Sea Fleet he blockaded the Dutch Fleet for two years. Vic-tor of the battle of Camperdown in 1797.

Duncan, David (1900-) of Dumfries. Surgeon Rear Admiral. Malariaologist and Hygienist, Singapore (1930-38). Senior MO, Medical Hygiene Sections and Naval Medical Officer of Health to C in C, Nore (1950-53). MOH to C in C, Portsmouth (1953-55).

Duncan, Dr Henry (1774-) of Lochrutton nr. Dumfries. Theologian, Antiquarian, Geologist and poet. He established the first Savings Bank in 1810 at Ruthwell.

The son of Duncan.

Local: from the lands of Dundas in Linlithgowshire. The family are descended from Uthred, son of Gospatrick, first Earl of March, who in the time of David I received a grant of the lands and assumed the surname of Dundas.

Serle de Dundas is recorded in the reign of King William the Lion. The Dundases were a great Lowland family playing a prominent part in the legal affairs of the Nation dating from Sir James, Lord Arniston (d. 1679).

The statesman Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, was known as the 'uncrowned king of Scotland'. Dundas was 'manager' of Scotland for William Pitt, and President of Board of Control for India. Through his influence many Scots found lucrative openings in that country. Also through his offices were many forfeited estates restored, and the ban on the wearing of the tartan lifted.

Dundas, David (1735-1820). Scottish General, sometime Com-mander in Chief, British Army. Described as the profoundest tactician in England. Was responsible for many major reforms in military tactics.

Dundas, Henry, 1st Viscount Melville and Baron Dunira (1742-1811). Parliamentarian. Keeper of the Signet for Scotland (1777). As President of the Board of Control under Pitt he introduced a bill for restoring the Scottish estates forfeited after the '45.

Dundas, Sir Robert (1881-) of Perthshire. Administration Officer, Nigeria (1911-30).

DUNDEE, John Graham of Claverhouse. 1st Viscount (1649-89). Soldier. Defeated the Covenanters at Bothwell Brig. Known by his friends as 'Bonnie Dundee' and by his enemies as 'Bloody Clavers'.

DUNDONALD, Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald (1775-1860) of Hamilton. Naval commander with some remarkable achievements in the harassment of enemy coasts and shipping. Advocated steam power for warships. His 'Secret War Plan' (to overwhelm fleets and fortresses by sulphur fumes) was in 1812 and 1846 condemned as too inhumane, though infallable, and was not revealed till 1908 (in Penmure papers).

Local: from the lands of Dunlop in Ayrshire.

Dunlop, John Boyd, (1840-1921) ofDreghorn, Ayrshire. Veterinary surgeon. Invented the pneumatic tyre in 1888.

Local : from Dunmore in Perthshire. The name signifies a black moor - from dun, black, and mure, a moor.

DUNN, Patrick H. (1912-) of Argylshire. Air Marshal. AOC in C, Flying Training Command (1964-).

DUNNE, J. W. of Perthshire. Man of Letters. In 1907 he tested the first swept-wing tailless biplane at Blair Atholl.

Local: from the bay of Dunnet in Caithness.

Dunnett, Alastair (1908-) of Kilmalcolm. Journalist and editor of the Daily Record (1946-55) and Scotsman (1956-72). He was chief press officer to the Sec. of State for Scotland (1940-46). Director of Scottish TV (1975-79).

Dunnett, Dorothy (nee Halliday)of Dunfermline. Popular novelist wife of Alastair Dunnett. Her book King Hereafter (1982) reveals strange new facts about the history of Macbeth. She is also an artist.

Dunnett, Sir James (1914-) of Edinburgh? Permanent Under-secretary of State, Ministry of Defence (1966).

Local: from the village of Dunning in Perthshire. The name signifies dark offspring, from dun, black, and ing, a termination denoting children.

DUNS-SCOTUS, Johannes (c. 1265-1308) of Maxton, Roxburgh.Scholastic and theologian. Became a Franciscan Friar. Theological professor at Oxford, and later, Regent of the Univ. of Paris. It was his name that gave rise to the term 'Dunce'.

Local: from the town of Durham in England.

A door keeper. Alanus Durward was door ward to Alexander II, who created him Earl of Athol.

DUTHIE, Sir William (1892-) of Portessie, Banffshire. Appointed Area Bread Officer, London and SE England in 1940 and Director Emergency Bread Supplies, Min. of Food in 1941.

DYCE, Alexander (1798-1869) of Edinburgh. Critic and Man of Letters. Edited Peele, Webster, Greene, Shirley, Middleton, Beaumont and Fletcher, Marlowe and Shakespeare.

DYCE, William (1806-64) of Aberdeen. Historical and religious painter. From 1844 was professor of Fine Arts in King's Coll., London. Executed frescoes in the new House of Lords, Osborne House, Buckingham Palace and All Saints.

DYSON, Sir Frank (1868-1939). Astronomer Royal (1910-33). Previously Astronomer Royal for Scotland (1905-10).

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