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Scottish Surnames

 


Scottish Surnames, Eadie to Ewing

EADIE, John (1810-76) of Alva. Theologian and writer. Wrote the Biblical Cyclopaedia (1848), and Ecclesiastical Encyclopaedia (1861).

EASTON, John Murray (1889-) of Aberdeen. Architect. His buildings include the Royal Horticultural Society Hall, London (1928), the Gillette factory, South Bank Development Scheme, London (1953) and the University of Malaya (1953).

EDGAR
Happy, blessed.

EDIE
An instructor, from eddee.

EDWARD
Good nature.

EGLINTOUN
Local: from Eglintoun in Ayrshire.

ELGIN, Andrew Douglas A. T. Bruce, llth Earl of Elgin and Kincar-dine. Director United Dominions Trust, Dominion Ins. Co. and several other directorships. Grand Master Mason for Scotland (1961-65). Member of HM Bodyguard for Scotland, (The Royal Company of Archers).

ELGIN, Edward James Bruce, 10th Earl of Elgin and Kincardine (1881-1966). Was chairman Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs. Held many directorships in banking and insurance. Chairman Land Settlement Assoc., England and Wales (1933-46), Carnegie UK Trust (1923-46) and Forth Conservancy Board (1926-55).

ELGIN, James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin (1811-63). Governor of Jamaica (1842-46), of Canada (1846-54) and of India (1861). Displayed very great administrative ability.

ELGIN, Thomas Bruce, 7th Earl of Elgin (1766-1841). Diplomat and art connoisseur. Was instrumental in the purchase for the nation of sculptures from the ruined Parthenon in Athens, now known as the 'Elgin Marbles'.

ELLIOT
The family are descended from Sir "William de Aliot, who came to England with the Conqueror ; his arms were, azure, a canton or; crest, an arm and sword; motto, " Par Saxa, per ignes, fortiter et recte." His descendants settled at the village of Elliot in Forfarshire, and some generations later, in the seventeenth century, were seated on the border, in Liddisdale.

Elliot, Gilbert, 1st Earl Minto (1751-1814). Governor-General of India (1807-13). One of the greatest of India's Governor-Generals.

Elliot, Henry H. (1891-) of Roxburghshire. Lieut.-Colonel, and Surgeon, British Legation, Kabul, (1930-35), Surgeon to the Viceroy (1936-43) and Chief Medical Officer, Baluchistan.

Elliot, Jean (1727-1805) of Minto House, Teviotdale. Lyricist. Author of The Flowers of the Forest, a lament for Flodden.

Elliot, Walter (1888-1958). Politician, writer and broadcaster. Minister of Agriculture (1932-36), Sec. for Scotland (1936-38) and Minister of Health (1938-40).

Elliott, George Augustus, 1st Baron Heathfield of Stobs, Rox-burghshire. Soldier and General. When Governor of Gibraltar, he saved the Rock for Britain after four years seige by the French and Spanish forces (1779-83). Ranked as one of the most memorable achievements of British arms.

Eliot LOCKHART, Sir Allan (1905-) of Cleghorn. Head of Dept. of Supply, Govt. of India (1940-46), Director-General of Munitions Production (1945-46). President, Assoc. Chamber of Commerce and Bengal Chamber of Commerce and Industry (1951-52).

The Elliots are a Border clan, although many of the family, it is alleged, took their name from the village Eliot in Forfarshire. The Elliots of Redheugh were recognised as the principal family. The Elliots of Stobs originated in the 16th century and in 1666 Gilbert Elliot of Stobs was created a baronet of Nova Scotia. George, the youngest son of the 3rd baronet, was born in 1718. He entered the
army and served in the War of the Austrian Succession and was wounded at the Battle of Dettingen. He was Governor of Gibraltar when, in 1779, Spain and France laid siege to that important fortress. His defence of the Rock is one of the most glorious achievements in British history. Over 100,000 men, 48 sail of the line, 450 cannon, floating batteries and every conceivable means of warfare were used by the enemy, but the force on the Rock under Elliot remained undefeated. The use of hot shot by the British commenced the complete demoralisation of the enemy. When Lord Howe relieved Gibraltar, the loss of the garrison in nine weeks was 65 dead and 388 wounded. Elliot was created Lord Heathfield, Baron Gibraltar, in 1787. He died in 1790.

Gilbert Elliot, descended from the Stobs branch, was the founder of the Minto family. Born in 1651 he followed the profession of law. His work for religious liberty led to his being condemned for high treason in 1685. He was pardoned, and was constituted a Lord of Session as Lord Minto in 1705. He died in 1718. His great grandson, Gilbert, an eminent statesman, was Governor General of
India, 1807-1812. For his services he was created Earl of Minto in 1813. He died in the following year.

ELPHINSTONE
Local: from the barony of Elphinstone in Stirlingshire. The family descend from a German named Peter d'Elvinton, who settled in Scotland in the reign of Robert I, where he married Margaret, daughter of Sir Christopher Seton by Christian his wife, who was the sister of Robert I.

Elphinstone, George Keith (1746-1823), Viscount Keith of Stirling. Commanded the Naval expedition (1795-97) which took Cape Town, and the fleet which landed Abercromby's army in Aboukir Bay in 1801.

Elphinstone, Sir Keith (1864-1941) of Musselburgh. Engineer, who between 1893 and 1914 was connected with the development and invention of many electrical and mechanical devices. He designed the first chart recorder, and invented the speedometer for motor cars.

Elphinstone, Mountstuart (1779-185?) of Edinburgh? Historian and Statesman. Was one of the founders of Britain's Indian Empire. Governor of Bombay (1819-27). In 1829 he declined the position of Governor-General of India.

Elphinstone, William (1431-1514) of Glasgow? Statesman. Lecturer on law in Paris and Orleans. Ambassador to France under James IV (1491) and keeper of the Privy Seal from 1492. Was responsible for introducing the printing press (Chapman and Miller) into Scotland.

EMERY, Eleanor, of Glasgow. Diplomat. Appointed High Commis-sioner in Botswana in 1973. Britain's first woman High Commis-sioner.

ERROL of HALE, Frederick James Elliot (1914-). Engineer. Economic Sec. to the Treasury (1958-59), Minister of State, Board of Trade (1961-63), Minister of Power (1963-64), and many other important appointments at home and abroad.

ERSKINE
In the reign of Malcolm II, a Scotsman killed with his own hand Enrique, one of the Danish leaders at the battle of Murthill, cut off his head, and with the bloody dagger in his hand showed it to the king, and said "Eriskyne," which signifies upon the knife, and also said " I intend to perform greater actions than what I have already done." Whereupon the king imposed upon him the surname of Eriskyne, which has since been contracted to Erskine and Areskine, and for his arms a hand holding a dagger, with the motto, "Je pense plus."

Erskine of RERRICK, John Maxwell Erskine 1st Baron (1893-1980) of Kircudbright. Governor of Northern Ireland (1964-68). President, Scottish Savings Committee (1948-58). Several chairmanships in banking and commerce.

Erskine, Henry (1746-1817) of Edinburgh. Jurist, writer, orator and wit. Became Lord Advocate in 1783, and Dean of the Faculty of Advo-cates in 1785, but was deposed in 1796 for supporting, at a meeting, a resolution against the Government's Seditious Writings Bill. Was again Lord Advocate in 1806.

Erskine, Ralph (1685-1752) probably of Berwickshire. Minister whose sermons were greatly prized, and many of them were translated into Dutch. His Gospel's Sonnets and Scripture Songs are well known.

Erskine, Thomas, 1st Baron (1749-1828) of Edinburgh. Lord Chan-cellor of England. Called to the Bar in 1778, and his success was immediate and unprecedented. His brilliant defence of Capt. Baillie, Lieut.-Governor of Greenwich Hosp., overwhelmed him with briefs. Successfully defended (1779) Admiral Lord Keppel and in 1781 secured the acquittal of Lord George Gordon.

This ancient name is derived from the barony of Erskine in Renfrewshire, which was owned by Henry of Erskine in the 13th century.   The family were loyal adherents of Robert the Bruce, to whom they were related by marriage. Sir Robert de Erskine was Great Chamberlain of Scotland. With King David II he exchanged Strathgartney for lands of Alloa. He died in 1385. Sir Robert Erskine assumed the title of Earl of Mar in 1435, but his son. Sir Thomas, was dispossessed of it in 1457, and in 1467 he was created Lord Erskine. John, 4th Lord Erskine, had charge of the infant Mary Queen of Scots in Stirling Castle and Inchmahome, and conveyed her to France. His daughter was mother of the Regent Murray. His son, Alexander, was ancestor of the Earls of Kellie. John, 5th Lord Erskine, was confirmed in the Earldom of Mar. In 1715 the Earldom of Mar was forfeited when John, 11th Earl, formed a party as leader in the Jacobite Rising.

The Erskines of Dun descended from the Erskines of Erskine when Sir Thomas received a charter of the Barony of Dun from King Robert II in 1376. Many of the family of Dun fell at Flodden, and after several generations the estate of Dun passed to the Marquis of
Ailsa in 1793. His second son John inherited the property and assumed the name Erskine. The Erskines of Alva, descended from the House of Mar, are now represented by the Earls of Rosslyn.

James Erskine, son of the 7th Earl of Mar, acquired the Earldom of Buchan by his marriage to the Countess of Buchan. Thomas, Lord Erskine, third son of the l0th Earl of Buchan, born in 1750, was called to the Bar in 1788. He became Lord Chancellor in 1806.

ERWIN
Beautiful, fair.

EWART, James Cosser (1851-1934) of Penicuik nr. Edinburgh. Zoologist. Carried out notable experiments on animal breeding and hybridization, and disproved the theory of telegony. His works incl. The Development of the Horse (1915), Moulting of the King Penguin (1917) and The Nesting Feathers of the Mallard (1921).

EWING, Sir Alexander (1896-) of Edinburgh? Emeritus Professor of Audiology and Education of the Deaf (1944-46) Manchester. Produced many publications on the education and training of deaf children.

EWING, Sir James Alfred (1855-1935) of Dundee. Physicist and Professor of Engineering at Tokyo and Dundee, of Mechanism at Cambridge (1890-1903), and Director of Naval Education (1903-16). In the Great War he was decipherer of intercepted messages. Invented a number of instruments to test magnetic properties.

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