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Scottish Surnames, Jack to Justice

JACK
A corruption of John, which signifies God's grace.

Jack, Sir Daniel (1901-) of Glasgow. Professor of Economics, Univ. of Durham and King's College, Newcastle upon Tyne (1950-55). Chairman, Court of Inquiry, Shipping and Engineering wages dispute (1957), London Airport dispute (1958) and Ford dispute (1963). Appointed Chairman, Air Transport Board in 1961.

Jack, Gilbert (c. 1578-1628) of Aberdeen. Metaphysician and medical writer. Was first to teach metaphysics at Leyden. Declined a professor-ship at Oxford in 1621.

Jack, Robert L. (1845-) of Irvine. Consulting geologist, mining engineer and explorer in Queensland. Was Govt. Geologist for Queensland (1877-99).

Jack, William (1795-1822) of Aberdeen. Botanist and surgeon. Ap-pointed surgeon in Bengal Medical Service when aged 18.

Jack, William (1834-1924) of Stewarton. Astronomer and philosopher. Prof. of Astronomy, Univ. of Glasgow and Prof. of Natural Philosophy, Manchester (1866-70).

JACKSON, Gordon, (1923-90) of Glasgow. Popular actor with wide experience in films and TV. His some 60 films incl. The Captive Heart (1946), Whisky Galore (1948), The Lady with a Lamp (1951), Tunes of Glory (1960) and Cast a Giant Shadow (1966). Famous for his part as Hudson in TVs Upstairs Downstairs (1972-85) and his leading part in the TV series The Professionals.

JACOB, Violet Kennedy-Erskine (1863-1946) of Dun, Montrose. Poetess and novelist. Her poems incl. 'The Northern Lights' (1927), and two of her best known novels are The Interloper (1904) and Flemington (1911).

JAFFRAY
A corruption of Geoffry, which signifies In God secure.

JAMESON
The son of James, which signifies He that supplants.

Jameson, George (1588-1644) of Aberdeen. Portrait painter, some-times called 'the Scottish Van Dyke'.

Jameson, Sir Leander Starr (1853-1917) of Edinburgh. Politician and administrator in South Africa. In 1893 Jameson took a leading part in a war which ended in the capture of Matabeleland.

JARDINE
The family are descended from Winfredus de Jardin, 1153.

DuJardin was a name recorded at the battle of Hastings, and it is assumed that the family settled in vicinity of Kendal in the twelfth century, and then moved to Lanarkshire, Wandel and Hartside area, in the thirteenth century. It was early in the fourteenth century when they settled in Dumfriesshire, where they have been ever since.

Jardine, James (1928-) from near Hawick. Policeman who became chairman of the Police Federation of England and Wales (1976-82).

Jardine-PATERSON, Sir John of Lockerbie. President, Bengal Chamber of Commerce and Industry (1966) and Assoc. Chamber of Commerce, India. Member of local board Reserve Bank of India (1965-67) and many other important posts at home and abroad.

JARVIE, John Gibson (1883-1964) of Carluke. Founder and chairman from its beginning in 1919 of United Dominions Trust Ltd., and the UDT group of companies until 1963 when he retired from the Chair and became President.

JEFFREY, Francis, Lord Jeffrey (1773-1850) of Edinburgh. Critic and Judge. Became Lord Advocate in 1830 and entered Parliament.

JEFFREY, John, of Fife. Gardener. Worked in Oregon and California. Discovered the Western Hemlock, and the Jeffrey Pine bears his name.

JEFFREY, William (1896-1946) of Kirk o'Shotts, Lanarkshire. Poet, journalist and dramatic critic.

JEWELL
Joy, mirth.

JOHNSTON
Local: from the village of johnstoun in Renfrewshire. The family are descended from Hugo de Johnstone, temp. Alexander II.

The Johnstons were a powerful clan famous in Border song and story. They derived their name from the barony of Johnston in Annandale, and the name occurs in records of the 13th century. From that time onward they were prominent in Border warfare. The Johnstons supported the crown for generations and in 1633 Sir James Johnston of Johnston was created Lord Johnston of Lochwood by Charles I, and ten years later Earl of Hartfell. The extinct Earldom of Annandale was conferred on the 2nd Earl of Hartfell, who died in 1672. His son was created Marquess of Annandale in 1701.The Marquessate became dormant on the death of George 3rd Marquess, in 1792.

The Johnstons of Westerhall, in Dumfriesshire, were descended from the same stock, and John, 2nd of Westerhall, was created a Baronet of Nova Scotia in 1700. Sir James, 3rd Baronet, notable for his local improvements, married the eldest daughter of Lord
Elibank and had fourteen of a family, several of whom served with distinction in the navy and the army.
The Johnstons of the North claim descent from Stiven de Johnston in the 14th century whose grandson possessed the lands of Ballindalloch. George Johnston of that ilk was created a Baronet of Nova Scotia in 1626. Sir John, 3rd Baronet, was unjustly executed in London in 1693 for being present at the marriage of Captain Campbell of Mamore who was alleged to have abducted Miss Wharton
and married her. Campbell escaped to Scotland, but Johnston was betrayed by his landlord for £50. Sir John, 4th Baronet, was out in the '45, and his son was killed at Sheriffmuir.

Johnston, Alexander Keith (1844-79) of Edinburgh. Writer of geographical works. In 1879 was appointed leader of the Royal Geographical Society's expedition to East Africa.

Johnston, Archibald, Lord Warriston (1611-63) of Edinburgh. Advocate and statesman. Raised to the peerage by Cromwell. Appointed Commissioner-Judge of Scotland. After the Restoration he was executed at Edinburgh.

Johnston or Ronston, Arthur (1587-1641) of Aberdeenshire. Physician and humanist. Practised medicine in France whence his fame as a latin poet spread over Europe. About 1625 he was appointed physician to Charles I.

Johnston, Dr James (1854-1921) of Huntly. Physician and evangelist. In 1876 he was the founder of Jamaica Evangelistic Mission.

Johnston, John Lawson, an Edinburgh butcher who invented Bovril. In about 1863 John concocted a drink he called 'fluid beef, which was a great success. He later went to Canada where he developed a concentrated version which he had patented as 'Bovril'.

JOHNSTONE, Alan S. of Dumfriesshire. Professor of Radiodiagnosis, Univ. of Leeds (1948-68). President, Thoracic Society of Gt. Britain (1961-62). Produced several publications on Radiology.

The Johnstones. A powerful Border clan, they held the central area of Annandale, and Sir James of that Ilk became Earl of Hartfell in 1643. The Johnstones were intermittently appointed Wardens of the West March, alternating in that role with the Maxwells, with whom they had a deadly feud. This was resolved in 1623. The second Earl became Marquess of Annandale in 1701. The Earldom is now dormant. The Johnstons of Aberdeenshire claim descent from Stiven de Johnston in the fourteenth century.

JOHNSTONE, Alexander V. R. (1916-) of Glasgow. Air Vice-Marshal, founder of the Malayan Air Force (1957), Director of Personnel, Air Ministry (1962-64), AOC No. 18 Gp. and Maritime Air Commander, North Atlantic, NATO (1965-68).

JORDAN, Sydney (1929?-) of Dundee. Author and cartoonist. Creator of 'Jeff Hawk' the Daily Express cartoon spaceman. Awarded the Prix St Michel by a European Cartoonists Assoc. in 1973.

JUNOR, John (1919-) of Black Isle. Editor, Sunday Express (1954-). Became a Director of Beaverbrook Newspapers in 1960. Was Deputy Editor, Evening Standard (1953-54).

JUSTICE
The family bear in their arms a sword in pale supporting a balance.

Justice, James Robertson (1905-75) Scottish actor and personality. Former journalist and naturalist. Starred in many American and British films, incl. Scott of the Antarctic (1948), Whisky Galore (1949), Doc-tor in the House (1954), Campbell's Kingdom (1957) Doctor at Large (1958) and Chitty Chitty Bang Bang (1968).

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