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Scottish Surnames, Laidlaw to Lyte

LAIDLAW, William (1780-1845) of Blackhouse, Selkirk. Poet and general adviser to Sir Walter Scott. He wrote a number of lyrics and ballads.

LAING
Long, tall.

Laing, Alexander Gordon (1793-1826) of Edinburgh. Explorer of Western Africa. Was sent to explore the source of the Niger River, which he found. Believed to be the first European to have reached the ancient city of Tombouctou (Timbuktu). Was murdered after leaving Timbuktu.

Laing, David (1793-1878) of Edinburgh. Antiquary. From 1837 he was Librarian to the Signet Library.

Laing, Malcolm (1762-1818) of Orkney. Historian. He it was who completed Henry's History of Great Britain (1793) and in 1802 pub-lished his own History of Scotland (1603-1701).

Laing, Ronald David (1927-) of Glasgow. Psychoanalyst. His work involved research into schizophrenia and into the way the family affects the mental states of its individual members.

Laing, Samuel (1780-1868) of Orkney. Traveller and writer in Nor-way, Sweden, Russia, France, etc.

Laing, W. J. Scott (1914-) of Edinburgh ? One time Chief, Sales Section UN Secretariat. Was Consul, New York (1950) and Consul-General (Commercial), New York (1954). LAIRD, John, (1805-74) of Greenock. Shipbuilder. One of the earliest constructors of iron vessels.

LAIRD
The lord of the manor.

Laird, John, (1887-1946) of Kincardineshire. Philosopher. Professor at Dalhousie, Nova Scotia (1912), Belfast (1913-24) and Aberdeen (1924-26).

Laird, Macgregor (1808-61) of Greenock. Explorer, shipbuilder and merchant. Helped to open up the Niger River. Sought to undermine the slave trade in West Africa by promoting legitimate commerce.

LAM
Lame.

LAMOND
Originally MacLaman; descended from Laumanus filius Malcolmi, in the thirteenth century.

Lamond, Fredric (1868-1948) of Glasgow. Pianist and composer. Made his debut at Berlin in 1885. He excelled in playing Beethoven.

LAMONT, Johann von (1805-79) of Inverey, Braemar. Astronomer. Appointed Director of Bogenhausen Observatory in 1835, and in 1852 became Prof. of Astronomy at Munich.

The name is Norse for 'lawman'; the clan was traditionally founded by Ferchar in the thirteenth century. At one time this family owned the greater part of Cowal, but the family seat of Toward was completely destroyed by the Campbells. The clan scattered, but in 1646, Ardlamont
became the seat of the chief. A Clan Lamont Society was formed in 1895.

The Clan Lamont is one of great antiquity and held considerable lands in Argyllshire which were later reduced by the encroachment of the Campbells and other clans. An early name of the clan was Clan 'ic Fhearchair (MacKeracher). The Laments' territory latterly was
confined chiefly to Cowal.

In the early 13th century Laumun granted to the monks of Paisley certain lands at Kilmun and Kilfinan, and in 1456 John Lament was Bailie of Cowal. John Lament of Inveryne was knighted in 1539 and had his lands united into the Barony of Inveryne. At this time his principal seat was Toward Castle, where he entertained Mary Queen of Scots in 1563.

During the disturbed period of the Civil War, several of the Campbell chiefs ravaged the Lament country with fire and sword, destroying Toward and Ascog Castles, and in 1646 treacherously massacred 200 Laments, including thirty-six special gentlemen of the clan, at Dunoon. A memorial commemorating the event was erected on the site by the Clan Lament in 1906. The massacre formed one of the charges against the Marquess of Argyle for which he was executed in 1661. After the destruction of Toward Castle, Ardlamont became the principal residence of the chief. The family were connected by marriage with many of the titled families of Scotland. John, 19th chief, commanded the Gordon Highlanders at Corunna in 1809.

One of the oldest cadet families, and the only one still possessing the old clan lands, is the Laments of Knockdow.

LANDSBOROUGH, William (1825-) of Stevenston, Ayrshire. Ex-plorer, who with John McDouall Stuart, was first to cross Australia in 1861-62.

LANG, Andrew, (1844-1912) of Selkirk. Scholar and writer of poetry, fiction, fairy tales, folklore and translations from classics. Published A History of Scotland (1900-07).

LANG, Cosmo Gordon, Baron Lang of Lambeth (1864-1945) of Fyvie. Anglican Prelate. Archbishop of York (1909-28) and Archbishop of Canterbury (1928-42).

LAPWORTH, Arthur (1892-1941) of Galashiels. Organic chemist. Remembered for his enunciation of the electronic theory of organic clinical reactions in 1920. Appointed to the Chair of Physical and Inorganic Chemistry in 1922. Elected FRS. LARGE, Eddie (1942-) of Glasgow. Impressionist and comedian. Best known as the duo 'Little and Large' after he teamed up with Syd Little of Manchester.

LAUDER
Local: from the town of Lauder in Berwickshire. The family are descended from Robert Lauder, a follower of Sir William Wallace. This family owned the Bass Rock off the coast of East Lothian in the thirteenth century. Sir Robert de Lauder was Justiciar of the Lothians in 1323. Thomas Lauder (1395-1481) was Bishop of Dunkeld.

Lauder, Sir Harry (Maclennan) (1870-1950) of Portobello. Comedian, singer and composer. 'Roamin in the Gloamin', 'Tobermory', 'A Wee Doch an' Doris', 'The Lass of Killiecrankie' and 'I Love a Lassie' are some of his best remembered.

Lauder, Sir Thomas Dick (1784-1848) of Haddington. Novelist and Journalist. Best known for The Wolf of Badenoch (1827) and his Account of the Great Floods in Morayshire (1829).

LAURIE, John (1897-1980) of Dumfries. Character actor on stage and screen. Popular member of Dad's Army series on TV.

LAURIE, Sir John E. (1897-) Major-General. Commanded the 6th Bn. Seaforth Hrs. (1918-19), and 2nd Seaforth Hrs. (1934-38), the Tientsin Area British troops in China (1939-40), No. 157 Infantry Brigade., France (1940) and 52nd Lowland Div. (1941-42).

LAURIE, Sir Peter (1778-1861) of Haddington. Son of a farmer who became Lord Mayor of London in 1832.

LAWRIE
Crafty.

LAW
A hill, also an abbreviation of Lawrence.

Law, Andrew Bonar (1858-1923), born in Canada of Scottish descent. Became Prime Minister of Great Britain (1922-23).

Law, Denis was European footballer of the year in 1964 and went on to win 55 caps for Scotland.

Law, John (1671-1729) of Edinburgh. Financier. Originator of the 'Mississippi scheme'. Having killed a man in a duel, he fled to Holland in 1697, where he studied banking. In 1700 he unsuccessfully proposed a system of paper currency.

LAWRENCE
Flourishing.

LAWSON
The son of Law or Lawrence.

LEASK, Sir Henry (1913-). Lieut.-General. GOC Scotland and Governor of Edinburgh Castle (1969-).

LEASK, Kenneth (1896-) of Birsay, Orkney. Air Vice-Marshal. Senior Engineering Staff Officer, HQ RAF India (1933-34) and HQ ADGB Bomber Commd. (1934-40). Director-General Engineering, Air Ministry (1947-49).

LECKIE, Robert, educ. Glasgow. Air Marshal. Director of Flying Ops., Canadian Air Board (1920), Commander (RAF) on HMS Hermes and Courageous aircraft carriers (1925-29). Director of Training, Air Ministry (1935-38) and Chief of Staff RCAF (1944).

LEE, James Paris (1831-1904) of Hawick. Watchmaker. Invented the remarkably efficient bolt action and magazine of the Lee-Metford (later Lee-Enfield) rifle about 1890.

LEE, Robert (1804-68) of Tweedsmouth. Divine and Reformationist. His introduction of a harmonica (1863) and an organ (1865) and standing during the singing of hymns, brought bitter attacks upon him.

LEES
Meadows, fields.

LEGGE, James (1815-97) of Huntly. Missionary and Chinese scholar. Took charge of the Anglo-Chinese College, Malacca (1839-42), then laboured 30 years in Hong Kong. In 1876 he became Professor of Chinese at Oxford. He won a world-wide reputation through his translations of the Chinese classics.

LEISHMAN, Sir William B. (1896-1926) of Glasgow. Bacteriologist. Professor of Pathology in the Army Medical Coll. (1923). He discovered an effective vaccine for innoculation against typhoid, and was first to discover the parasite of the disease kalaazar.

LEITCH, Archibald (1878-1931) of Bute. Physician and bacteriologist. Remembered mainly for his work on cancer research in Middlesex Hosp.

LEITCH, Isabella, of Peterhead. Director, Commonwealth Bureau of Animal Nutrition (1940-60). Produced several publications on genetics, physiology and nutrition.

LEITCH, William Leighton (1804-83) of Glasgow. Watercolour painter. Was drawing master to Queen Victoria and the Royal Family for 22 years.

LEITH
Local: from the town of Leith in Edinburgh. The family are descended from William Leith, temp. David Bruce.

Leith, Sir James (1763-1816) of Aberdeenshire. Lieut.-General. Distinguished himself at Corunna, Busaco, Badajoz and Salamanca.

LENNON, Gordon, (1911-) of Aberdeen. Dean of the Faculty of Medicine, Univ. of Australia, Perth, (1967). Visiting professor to Iraq, Turkey, South Africa and Uganda (1958) and Iran (1959).

LENNOX
Local: from the district or county of Lennox, now Dumbarton. Egrith, a Saxon noble, who died in 1064, was the ancestor of Alwin Mac Arkyll, who was created Earl of Lennox, temp. Malcolm IV, and was the founder of the family of Lennox.

Alwin MacMuredach MacMaidouern, Morniaer of the Levenach is the first Celtic Earl of this name; he lived in the twelfth century. The 8th Earl, murdered by James I, left three daughters and one illegitimate son.

LESLIE
Local: from the Castle of Leslyn in Hungary. The family are descended from Barthlomew Leslyn or Leslie, son of Walter de Leslyn, a Hungarian noble, who in the year 1068, came to Scotland in the company of Margaret, wife of Malcolm Canmore. In crossing a river swollen by floods, the queen was thrown from her horse, and in danger of being drowned, when Leslyn plunging into the stream seized hold of her girdle, and as he brought her with difficulty towards the bank, she frequently exclaimed "grip fast," and afterwards desired that he should retain the words as his motto. He married the sister of Malcolm Canmore, and was by that monarch made Governor of Edinburgh Castle, Lord Leslie and Earl of Ross.

The family takes its name from the lands of Leslie in Aberdeenshire, and the name became famous not only in Scotland, but in Germany, France, Russia and Poland. In the 12th century Bartholomew, a Flemish noble, obtained the Barony of Lesly, and from him are descended the Earls of Rothes. Sir Andrew de Lesly was one of the signatories to the letter to the Pope in 1320 asserting the independence of Scotland. Walter, his son, married the daughter of the Earl of Ross, and his death without issue led to the famous Battle of Harlaw in 1411.

The title of Earl of Rothes was conferred on George de Lesly of Rothes. His grandson, George, 2nd Earl, was killed at Flodden. The Leslies were concerned in the murder of Cardinal Beaton, and George, 4th Earl, was tried for his part in it, but acquitted. Andrew, 5th Earl, succeeded his father in 1588. He was intimately concerned in the affairs of Mary Queen of Scots. John, 6th Earl, was one of the most powerful leaders of the Covenanters. John, 7th Earl, was created Duke of Rothes in 1680.

General Alexander Leslie, of the Balgonie family, served under Gustavus Adolphus, King of Sweden, with great distinction and rose to be Field-Marshal. Invited back to Scotland to command the Covenanters, he captured Edinburgh Castle with 1000 men. In 1640 he entered England with the Scots army, routed the King's troops at Newburn, and after the Treaty of Ripon, he was created Earl of Leven by Charles I to conciliate the Scots. David, 3rd Earl of Leven, and 2nd of Melville, distinguished himself at the Battle of Killiecrankie.

Leslie, Alexander, Lord Belgonie, 1st Earl of Leven (c.1580-1661) of Cupar-Angus. General. Won much distinction in 30 years in the armies of Charles II and Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden. Made Field Mar-shal of Sweden in 1636. Returned to Scotland in 1638 to serve with the Covenanters. He also distinguished himself at Marston Moor for Charles I.

Leslie, David, Lord Newark (1601-82) of Fifeshire. General who also served with distinction with Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden. He returned to Scotland about 1643 to aid the Covenanters.

Leslie or Lesley, John (1527-96), son of the Rector of Kingussie. Was confidential friend of Mary, Queen of Scots, who made him her Ambassador to Queen Elizabeth of England. He became Vicar-General of the diocese of Rouen in 1579.

Leslie, Sir John (1766-1832) of Largo, Fifeshire. Mathematician, Natural Philosopher and Inventor. Travelled as a tutor in USA and the Continent. Invented a Differential Thermometer, Hygrometer, Photometer, Pyrometer, Atometer and Althriscope. His researches appeared in 1804 in his Experimental Inquiry into the Nature and Properties of Heat. In 1810 he successfully applied the absorbent powers of sulphuric acid to freeze water under the receiver of the airpump. This is the first recorded achievement of artificial congelation.

Leslie, Walter (1606-67). General and diplomat. Served with distinction in Germany against the Swedes.

LEYDEN, Dr John Casper (1775-1811) of Denholm, Roxburghshire. Poet and Orientalist. Studied medicine, was licensed as a preacher in 1798. Went to India (1803) as Asst. Surgeon at Madras. Travelled widely in the East. Acquired 45 languages and translated the Gospels into five of them.

LICKPRIVICK
Local: from the Castle of Lickprivick parish of Kilbride, Lanarkshire. The Castle was from time immemorial possessed by the family of Lickprivick of that ilk. The family made a considerable figure long before the time of Robert Bruce; one of the descendants was printer to James VI. To this ancient family was granted the heritable title of Sergeantry and Coronership in the Lordship of Kilbride; the charter is dated 1397, and was renewed by James I, James IV, and James VI.

LIDDEL
Local: from the river Liddel.

LIDDELL, Eric H. (1902-45) born in China, son of a Scottish mission-ary. Athlete and missionary to China. Gold medal winner at the 1924 Olympic games in Paris where he created a new quarter mile world record. Became known as the 'Flying Scotsman'.

LILLIE
The arms of the family are azure, three lilies argent, whence probably the name.

LIND, James (1716-94) of Edinburgh. Physician. His work towards the cure and prevention of scurvy, induced the Admiralty in 1795 to issue the order that the Navy should be supplied with fresh citrus fruit and lemon juice, and that it should be taken daily. His A Treatise of Scurvy (1753) was, and is, a classic of medical literature, and won him an international reputation.

LINDSAY
Local: from the manor of Lindsay in Essex. The family settled in Scotland, temp. Malcolm Canmore.

Lindsay, " ane surname of renown," is derived from a place-name, and first appears on the Borders during the 12th century. William, grandson of the first mentioned Lindsay of Ercildon, acquired the property of Crawford in Lanarkshire, and married the daughter of Henry, Prince of Scotland. Several generations later his descendant Sir David Lindsay of Glenesk was created Earl of Crawford in 1398. He married a daughter of Robert II, and received with her the Barony of Strathnairn, in Ivernessshire. He was a brave and chivalrous knight and narrowly escaped death when fighting the forces under the " Wolf of Badenoch." He died in 1407. Bitter feuds existed
between the Lindsays and the Ogilvies, and Alexander, 4th Earl, known as Earl Beardie, was severely defeated by the Earl of Huntly in 1452, deprived of all his lands, titles and offices, but after a reconciliation he was pardoned, and died in 1454. His son, David, 5th Earl, was created Duke of Montrose by James III in 1488, the first instance of a Dukedom being conferred on a Scotsman not of the Royal Family. This Dukedom ended with his death in 1495. Later Earls of Crawford were intimately concerned in feuds and rebellions in Scotland, and in military service abroad.

John, 1st Earl of Lindsay, assumed the title of Earl of Crawford in 1644. In 1848 the House of Lords decided that the titles of the Earl of Crawford and the Earl of Lindsay belonged to James, 7th Earl of Balcarres, who thus became 24th Earl of Crawford.

Sir David Lindsay, of the Mount (1490-1567) poet and reformer, and Robert Lindsay of Pitscottie (16th century), author of The Chronicles of Scotland, are two of Scotland's celebrated literary men.

Lindsay, Alexander Dunlop. 1st Baron Lindsay of Birker (1879-1952) of Glasgow. Scholar and lecturer. In 1949 was appointed head of the new Univ. Coll. of North Staffordshire. Vice-Chancellor of Oxford (1935-38).

Lindsay, Sir David (sometimes Lyndsay) (1490-1550) of the Mount of Fife. Poet and Lyon King-of-Arms. A favourite of King James V of Scotland. His longest poem 'The Monarchic', giving an account of the rise and fall of Syria, Persia, Greece and Rome, ends with an attack on the Church of Rome.

Lindsay, Edward S. (1905-) of Fife. Major-General, Controller of Munitions, Min. of Supply (1961). Principal Staff Officer to High Commissioner, Malaya (1954-56)

Lindsay, James Bowman (1799-1862) of Carmyllie, nr. Arbroath. Teacher, scientist and inventor of the first electric light bulb by carbon filament in a glass tube from which air had been extracted by a vacuum pump (1834-35) some 44 years ahead of Swan and Edison. He never patented his invention and made nothing from it.

Lindsay, John Mauric (1918-) of Glasgow. Poet and critic. In 1946 he edited the anthology Modern Scottish Poetry (1920-45).

LINKLATER, Eric (1899-1974) of Dounby, Orkney. Novelist and playwright. Was for a time after the Great War, a journalist in Bombay. A prolific writer. His filmed works incl. Poet's Pub, Private Angelo and Laxdale Hall. He was awarded the Carnegie medal for The Wind on the Moon. Altogether he published over 70 books, plays and pamphlets.

LINTON
Local: from the parish of Linton in Roxburghshire.

Linton, Hercules, of Inverbervie. Designer of the famous tea clipper 'Cutty Sark'.

LIPTON, Sir Thomas Johnstone, (1815-1931) of Glasgow. Businessman and philanthropist. Tea trader, chain store operator and yacht racer.

LITHGOW, William (1582-C.1650) of Lanark. Traveller and writer. In 1612 set out on foot from Paris to Palestine and Egypt. His second tramp (1614-16) led him through North Africa from Tunis to Fez and home via Hungary and Poland. In his last journey (1619-21) to Spain via Ireland he was seized as a spy at Malaga and tortured. He claimed to have tramped 36,000 miles in 19 years.

LIVINGSTONE
Local: from the barony of Livingstone in West Lothian. The family are descended from Livingus, a Hungarian, who accompanied Margaret, wife of Malcolm Canmore, to Scotland.
An ancient name existing before the 12th century, when the name appears in charters as Livingston. Sir William Livingston, of Gorgyn, near Edinburgh, witnessed a charter of the Earl of Lennox in 1270, and from him descended the Livingstons of Livingston. Sir William received the lands of Callendar from David II in 1347. The lands had been forfeited by Patrick de Callendar and Livingston married his daughter. From the Livingstons of Callendar are descended the Livingstones of Westquarter and Kinnaird, of Bonton and of Dunipace.

Sir James Livingston of Callendar was created Lord Livingston in 1458. Alexander, 5th Lord, had charge of young Queen Mary, but after the Battle of Pinkie she was conveyed to Inchmahome. Alexander, 7th Lord, was raised to the Earldom of Linlithgow in 1600, but the
title was attainted in 1716 because James, 5th Earl, engaged in the Rising of 1715. The title of Viscount of Kilsyth conferred on Sir James Livingstone of Barncloich was also attainted for the action of William, 3rd Viscount, in joining the same Rising.

The Livingstones of Argyll claim to be descended from a physician to the Lord of the Isles Mac-an-leigh, son of the physician, being Englished as Livingstone. The Livingstones followed the Stewarts of Appin, and accompanied them at the Battle of Culloden, where
Donald Livingstone saved the banner of the Stewarts and conveyed it back to Ballachulish. The family of Livingstones were Barons of the Bachull and received grants of lands in Lismore as keepers of the crozier of the Bishops of Lismore, known in Gaelic as the "Bachull Mor." Dr. David Livingstone, the famous African missionary, was a descendant of the Argyll Livingstones.

Livingstone, David (1813-73) of Blantyre. Explorer and missionary in Africa. Discovered the Zambesi River, Victoria Falls, lakes Nyasa, Shirwa, Mweru, and Bangweulu. Buried in Westminster Abbey.

LOCH
A lake.

LOCKHART
The name was originally Locard. The family are descended from Sir Simon Locard of Lee, in Lanarkshire, who, in 1329, accompanied Lord James Douglas with the heart of Robert Bruce to Palestine, from this circum-stance he changed his name to Lockheart, as it was formerly spelled, and took for his arms a human heart proper, within a padlock sable, and for a motto, " Corda serata pando," which signifies "Lay open the locked hearts."

Lockhart, John Gibson (1794-1854) of Wishaw, Lanarkshire. Biographer and novelist. His Life of Sir Walter Scott (1837-38) is now a classic, and regarded as one of the greatest biographies in the language.

Lockhart, Sir Robert Hamilton Bruce (1887-1970) of Anstruther, Fife. Author and journalist. Between 1911 and 1917 was British Vice-Consul, then Consul in Moscow. His books incl. Memoirs of a British Agent, Retreat from Glory, Comes the Reckoning and My Europe.

Lockhart, William Ewert (1846-1900) of Annan. Subject painter. Painted the Jubilee celebrations in Westminster (1887). Was popular too as a portrait painter. Elected FRS in 1878.

LOGAN
An inclosed plain. The family are descended from Sir Robert Logan, who in 1329, accompanied Lord James Douglas with the heart of Robert Bruce to Palestine, and thus caused the addition of a human heart to the armorial bearings of his descendants.

Like the Livingstones, the Logans appear to consist of two distinct families, Lowland and Highland. In the 12th and 13th centuries the name appears frequently, and in 1329 Sir Robert Logan and Sir Walter Logan were killed in Spain when accompanying Sir James Douglas, with the heart of Bruce, on their way to the Holy Land. Lastalrig or Restalrig, near Edinburgh, was the principal possession of the Logans in the south. Sir Robert, of Restalrig, married a daughter of Robert II and in 1400 he was appointed Admiral of Scotland. The last Logan of Restalrig was outlawed and died in his residence Fast Castle in Berwickshire.

Tradition relates that the Logans of the north, "Siol Ghillinnein" (MacLennans), are descended from the Logans of Drumderfit, in Easter Ross. In the 15th century a feud between the Logans and the Frasers ended in a sanguinary battle at North Kessock, in which Gilligorm, the chief of the Logans, was killed, and his widow carried off by the victors. The widow gave birth to a posthumous son of Gilligorm, who from his deformity was known as Crotair MacGilligorm. He was educated by the monks at Beauly and on reaching manhood took Holy Orders at Kilmor in Sleat and in Kilchrinin, Glenelg. Like many others of the Highland clergy at that period he did not remain celibate and his descendants came to be known as Siol Fhinnein or MacLennans. They were numerous in Kintail, and at the Battle of Auldearn in 1645, where they acted as standard bearers to Lord Seaforth, many of them were killed in their gallant defence.

Logan, James (Jimmy), (1928-) of Glasgow. Actor/comedian. Appeared in many TV variety shows including his own TV series (1959-61). London Palladium (1969-70).

Logan, John (1748-98) of Sontra, Midlothian. Poet and minister. His works included A Review of the Principal Charges against Warren Hastings (1788) and View of Ancient History (1788-93). His ballad 'Braes of Yarrow' was particularly beautiful.

Logan, Sir William Edmund (1798-1875) of Montreal, Canada. Grandson of James Logan of Stirling. Geologist and surveyor. Directed the Canadian Geological Survey (1842-71) and surveyed some 1,000,000 square miles of Lower Canada.

LONGMUIR, Harry (1923-) of Glasgow. Journalist. Voted Journalist of the Year in 1975.

LORIMER
A bridle maker.

Lorimer, James (1818-90) of Perthshire. Jurist and writer. He was an eminent authority on International Law. The Institutes of the Law of Nations was his most important book.

Lorimer, Peter, his blistering 76 mph strike left many a goalkeeper clutching thin air as he waltzed into the record books as a permanent member of the fantastic Leeds United team which, under the managership of Don Revie from 1961 - 74, carried all before them.

Lorimer, Sir Robert Stodart (1864-1929) of Edinburgh. Architect. His Scottish War Memorial at Edinburgh Castle and the Thistle Chapel in St Giles brought him international recognition.

LOUDOUN
Local: from the barony of Loudoun in Ayrshire. The family are descended from Lambrinus, who received a grant of the barony, temp. David I, and from which his son James took the name of Loudoun.

Loudon, John Claudius (1783-1843) of Cambuslang. Horticultural writer and landscape gardener. He designed the Birmingham Botanic Gardens in 1828. The cemeteries at Southampton and Bath were also from his designs. His publications inc. Encyclopaedia of Gardening (1822), Encyclopaedia of Agriculture (1823) and Encyclopaedia of Plants (1829).

LOVAT
Local: from the village of Lovat in Invernesshire.

LOW, Archibald Montgomery (1886-1956). Physicist and inventor, educated at Skerry's Coll., Glasgow. His numerous inventions incl. a system of radio signalling, a television system (1914), electrical rocket control (1917), a coal fuel engine, radio torpedo control gear, the vibrometer and audiometer. Was president of the British Institute of Engineering Technology and of the Institute of Patentees.

LOW, Sir Francis (1893-) of Aberdeenshire. Editor of the Evening News of India (1922), News Editor Times of India (1925) and Editor (1932-48). President of Bombay YMCA (1943-48).

LOWE, Peter (c. 1550-1612). Scottish surgeon. Studied and practised in France. In 1596 he published A Discourse of the Whole Art of Chyrurgerie-one of the best works of the period on this subject. He founded the Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons in Glasgow in 1599.

LOVAT, (Simon C. J. Fraser) 17th Baron (1911-). Distinguished himself as a Brigadier in the Commandos in 1943. Under-Sec, of State for Foreign Affairs (1945-).

LUCAS, Raleigh B. (1914-) of Edinburgh. Professor of Oral Pathology, Univ. of London (1954-). Consultant pathologist, Royal Dental Hosp. of London (1950-54).

LULU, (Marie McDonald Mclauchlin Lawrie) of Lennoxtown, Stir-lingshire. Actress and singer. Had her own several very successful series with the BBC. Is very popular in America.

LUMSDEN
Local: from the lands of Lumsden in Berwickshire. The family are supposed to descend from the Stewarts Earls of Angus.

The Lumsdens. The name derived from the lands of that name on the coast of Berwickshire, near Coldingham and first mentioned in a Charter dated 1098 of Edgar, King of Scots. The earliest recorded owners of these lands are Gillen and Cren de Lumisden. who witnessed various charters in 1166, and Adam Lumsden of that Ilk who, together with Roger de Lummesdene did forced homage to Edward I of England in 1296. The family acquired lands of Blanerne, Berwickshire by Charter in 1329. and by tine mid-fourteenth century offshoots had charters to Conlan in Fife and Medlar and Cushnie in Aberdeenshire.

LYALL, William C. (1921-) of Kelty. Consul-General, Genoa (1969-).

LYELL, Sir Charles (1797-1875) of Kinnordy, near Kirriemuir. Geologist. His Principals of Geology (1830-33) may be ranked with Darwin's Origin of Species, among the books which exercised the most powerful influence on scientific thought in the nineteenth century. It denied the necessity of stupendous convulsions, and taught that the greatest geological changes may have been produced by forces still at work. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.

LYLE
An island. The family are descended from Badulphus de Insula, temp. William the Conqueror.

Lyle, Alexander (Sandy) (1958-). Golfer with an international reputation.

LYNDSAY or Lindsay, Sir David (c. 1486-1555) of near Coupar. Poet and artist. Went on Embassies to the Netherlands, France, England and Denmark. His poems, often coarse, are full of humour and knowledge of the world, and were said to have done more for the Reformation in Scotland than all the sermons of Knox.

LYNEDOCH, Thomas Graham, 1st Baron (1748-1843) of Balgowan. In 1793 he raised the 99th Reg. of Foot and served at Quiberon and Minorca (1798), besieged Valetta (1800), was at Corruna and Welcheren (1807), defeated the French at Barrosa (1911), Captured Tolosa (1813) and Sabastian, and in Holland conquered at Marxem.

LYON
Originally de Leonne. The family came into England with the Conqueror. Sir Roger de Lyon settled in Scotland in 1098, where he received a grant of lands in Perthshire, which he called Glen Lyon. Afterwards John de Lyon obtained from David II a grant of the baronies of Forteviot and Fergundeny in Perthshire and Drumgawan in Aberdeenshire; his son, Sir John Lyon, was Secretary to Robert II, whose youngest daughter, Lady Jane Stewart, he married, and was created Lord Glamis, made Great Chamberlain, and Lord Chancellor of Scotland, and received grants of the Thanedom of Glamis in Forfarshire, and of the Barony of Kinghorn in Fifeshire, and was authorized to surround his arms with a double tressure in honor of his alliance with the royal family.

LYTE, Henry Francis (1793-1847) ofEdnam, Roxburghshire. Poet and hymn writer. 'Abide with me' being his best known hymn.

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