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Scottish Surnames, MacAdam to Mylne

MACADAM
The son of Adam. The family are descended from Adam Macgregor, grandson of Gregor Macgregor, chief of the clan Gregor.

MacADAM, Sir Ivison (1894-) of Edinburgh. One-time editor of The Annual Register of World Events.

MacADAM, John Loudon (1756-1836) of Ayr. Inventor of the macadamizing system of road making, commonly known as Tarmac. Appointed surveyor of Britain's roads in 1827. He refused a knighthood.

MACALISTER
The son of Alister or Alexander. The family are descended from Alexander Macdonald, son of Donald, whose father Reginald, was the son of Somerled Thane of Argyll.

McALISTER, Arthur (1818-) of Glasgow. Became Prime Minister of Australia in 1866.

MacAllister. A branch of Clan Donald which traces its origin to a great-grandson of Somerled. Clan lands were in Kintyre and the seat was in the north west side of West Loch, Tarbert. A later seat was Loup. These lands were held until the early nineteenth century. Kennox, in Ayrshire, was acquired by marriage. The clan was numerically strong in Bute and Arran.

MACALPIN
The son of Alpin. The family descended from Kenneth Macalpine, ancestor of the Scottish kings.

Siol Alpine is a name which appears in a number of Clans with no apparent connection. Considered to be a Branch of the Royal Clan Alpin, Kings of Dalriada. The clan chief, however, seems to have disappeared.

McALPINE, Sir Robert of Newarthill, near Glasgow. Founder of the Sir Robert McAlpine Construction and Property Empire. Pioneered the widespread use of concrete in Britain.

MACARTHUR
The son of Arthur. The family branched off from the Campbells about the time of Alexander III.
One of the oldest of Argyllshire clans, claimed to be the older branch of Clan Campbell. They supported Robert Bruce and were granted extensive lands in Argyll, including those of the MacDougalls who had opposed Bruce.

MacARTHUR, Helen, of Glasgow. Singer. Became popular in radio's Friday Night is Music Night. Gained Top female radio personality' award in 1971. Had her own TV series The Helen McArthur Show.

MacASKILL, Angus (1825-63) of the Isle of Berneray. A 7' 9" giant. Believed to have been the strongest man that ever lived.

MACAULAY
The son of Aulay. The family claim to be descended from Aulay, grandson of Aulay, brother of Maldowan, Earl of Lennox. There are two clans of this name. One was a branch of Clan Alpine, and in the sixteenth century entered into an agreement with the MacGregors of Glenstrae. The MacAulays of Lewis, of Norse descent and unconnected with the MacAulays of Ardencaple, were followers of the MacLeods of Lewis. The name appears in Sutherland, and in Ross-shire around Ullapool.

MacAULAY, Thomas B. Lord (1800-59). Brilliant Scottish historian. Sometime Secretary for War and Paymaster-General. Wrote A History of England.

MacBAIN, Sir James (1828-92) of Ross-shire. Statesman and cabinet minister. He was a director of two Banks and three Insurance Offices.

MACBEAN
The son of Bane. The Mac-Beans are believed to have come from Lochaber and settled in eastern Inverness-shire. Myles MacBean supported Mackintosh against the Red Comyn. The principal family was MacBean of Kinchyle. In 1959 an American, descended from the MacBeans of Kinchyle, was acknowledged by the Lord Lyon King of Arms as chief. Kinchyle, south shore of Loch Ness. North of Dores, on Inverness road, road signposted to Kinchyle. Here is MacBain Memorial Park, created by Hughston MacBain of MacBain, 21st Chief.

MacCAIG, Norman (1910-) of Edinburgh. Poet. His many works include 'Riding Lights' (1957), 'Rings on a Tree' (1968), 'A Man in My Position' (1969) and 'The White Bird' (1973).

MacCALL, Charles J. (1907-) of Edinburgh. Artist. Painter of portraits, landscapes and contemporary life. Exhibited regularly in London and in one-man shows in Leicester, Dublin, New York, Manchester and Montreal.

McCALL, Sir Henry W. U. (1895-) of Ayrshire. Admiral (1953). Naval Attache, Buenos Aires (1938-40), Senior British Naval Officer, Middle East (1956-48), Flag Officer Destroyers, Mediterranean Fleet (1949-50).

McCALLUM, David (1933-) of Glasgow. Actor best known for his starring roles in TV's The Man from UNCLE and Colditz.

McCLINTOCK, Sir Francis L. (1819-1907). Admiral and Polar explorer. Was knighted for discovering the fate of the Franklin expedition.

The MacColls are a branch of the Clan Donald. They settled around Loch Fyne ard joined in the feud with the MacGregors.

MacCOLL, Dugald Sutherland (1859-1948) of Glasgow. Painter, poet and art historian. Keeper of the Tate Gallery (1906-11) and of the Wal-lace Collection (1911-24).

MacCorquodale. A distant sept of the MacLeods of Lewis. Lands held on the northern side of Loch Awe were granted to Torquil, the forebear of this family, by King Kenneth MacAlpine. Loch Tromlee, 2 miles N of Tay-creggan. Ancient seat of MacCorquodales.

MACRAE
The son of the king.

McCRAE, John (1872-1918), born in Ontario of Scottish parents. Doctor and poet. When a medical officer in the Great War, wrote 'Flanders Fields' one of the great war poems which appeared in 1915.

MacCulloch. Lulach was the king of Scots who succeeded MacBeth. The Highland MacCullochs seem to have owned considerable lands in the Province of Ross, and took protection from the Earls of Ross. MacCullochs in Argyllshire tended to be associated with the Clan MacDougall. The lowland MacCullochs were prominent in Wigtownshire and Galloway.

MacCULLOCH, Sir James (1819-) of Glasgow. Politician who became Prime Minister of Australia in 1863.

McCULLOCH, John Ramsay (1789-1864) of Whithorn. Political economist. In 1828 became Prof. of Political Economy, Univ. Coll., London, and Comptroller of HM Stationery Office in 1838.

MacCUNN, Hamish (1868-1916) of Greenock. Composer and song writer of remarkable individuality. He was conductor of the Carl Rosa and other opera companies and professor of Composition at the Guildhall School of Music.

MACCUITHBERT
The son of the Arch Druid.

MACDONALD
The son of Donald. The family are descended from Angus MacDonald, son of Donald, whose father, Reginald, was the son of Somerled, Thane of Argyll.

McDONALD, Alexander (1903-) of Edinburgh. Secretary of the Institute of Civil Engineers (1954-). Director of Public Works, Sierra Leone (1942-43). Inspector-General of Public Works, Nigeria (1951-54).

MacDONALD, Angus Alexander (1904-) of Edinburgh. Deputy Commissioner, Lyallpur (1933-36), Amritsar (1936-41), Deputy Home Sec., Punjab (1941-43) and Home Sec., Punjab (1943-47),

MacDONALD, Sir Claud (1852-1915). Sometime British Minister at Peking.

MacDONALD, Donald M. T. (1909-) of the Isle of Skye. Air-Vice Marshal, Director-General of Manning, Air Ministry (1956-61).

MacDONALD, Flora (1722-90) of Milton, South Uist. Disguised as 'Betty Burke' she conducted Prince Charles Edward Stewart to safety in Skye in 1746.

MacDONALD, George (1824-1905) of Huntly. Poet and novelist. David Elginbrod (1862), The Marquis of Lossie (1877) and Sir Gibbie (1879) are three of his best novels.

MacDONALD, Harry (1886-) of Isle of Skye. Major-General (1940), Was General Staff Officer, Western Commd., India (1928-31). Major-General, Cavalry, India (1939-40), and other high appointments in India.

MacDONALD, Sir Hector Archibald (1852-1903) of Dingwall. Soldier, who rose from the ranks and became a General, known as 'Fighting Mac'. Distinguished himself at Omdurman. It has been alleged that he had been involved in the Russo-Japanese War.

MacDONALD, Iverach (1908-) of Strathcool, Caithness. Associate editor of The Times newspaper (1967-68), and Director (1968-).

MacDONALD, Jacques Etienne Joseph Alexandre, Due de Tarente (1765-1840). Born at Sudan of Scottish descent. Became Marshal of France after his defeat of the Austrians at Wagram in 1809.

MacDONALD James Ramsay (1866-1937) of Lossiemouth. First Labour Prime Minister of Britain in 1924 (Jan. to Nov.). Re-elected Prime Minister in 1929 and formed a National Government in 1931 during the financial crisis.

McDONALD, Sir John (1898-) son of Donald McDonald of Falkirk. Minister for Water Supply and Electricity in Victoria, Australia (1943-45), Minister for Lands, etc. (1947-48) and Premier and Treasurer, Victoria, Australia (1950-52).

MacDONALD, Sir John Alexander (1815-91) of Rogart, Sutherland. First Prime Minister of Canada (1856). He was mainly instrumental in bringing about the Confederation of Canada.

MacDONALD, Malcolm J. (1901-1981) of Lossiemouth. Son of Jas. Ramsay MacDonald. High Commissioner, Canada (1941-46), Governor-General, Malaya and Borneo (1946-48), Commissioner-General, SE Asia (1948-55), High Commissioner in India (1955-60) and Special Representative HM Govt. in Africa (1966-69). He was also Governor and C in C Kenya (1963).

MacDONALD, S. Douglas (1899-) of Glen Urquhart, Inverness-shire. Air Vice-Marshal, Head of Air Training Advisory Group NATO (1952-54). MacDONALD, Thomas C. (1909-). Air Vice-Marshal (1961) and Principal Medical Officer, Tech. Training Commd., RAF (1961-66).

MacDONELL of Glengarry (Aeneas R. Donald). Air Commodore. Appointed Director of Management and Work Study, Ministry of Defence, Air Force Dept. in 1961.

MACDOUGALL
The son of Dougall. The family are descended from Dougall, grandson of Somerled Thane of Argyll.

The Macdougalls take their name from Dugall, eldest son of Somerled, from whom they are descended. From Dougall, his son Duncan received the lands of Lorn. Duncan's son, Ewin Lord of Lorn, although he made allegiance to Norway, refused to join King Haco in his
ill-fated expedition of 1263. Ewin's son, Alexander, married a daughter of the Red Comyn who was slain at Dumfries, and in consequence the MacDougalls became bitter enemies of Robert the Bruce. In one battle with the MacDougalls Bruce is alleged to have escaped only by discarding his cloak with his brooch, afterwards known as the Brooch of Lorn, and now a treasured possession of
the chief of the clan. When Bruce secured his throne he retaliated on the MacDougalls for their opposition, and after their defeat, Alexander submitted to the King, but his son John fled to England, where he was appointed an Admiral in the English fleet. He was later captured in the Western Isles and imprisoned first in Dunbarton and afterwards in Lochleven. On the death of King Robert, John of Lorn was released and his lands restored to him. He married a granddaughter of Robert the Bruce, and his son, John, was the last MacDougall of Lorn. He died without male issue, and the lands passed, through his daughters, to the Stewarts, Lords of Lorn, in 1388.
In 1457, John Stewart, Lord of Lorn, granted to John MacAlan MacDougall the lands of Dunolly. The clan joined in the Rising of 1715, and under their chief, lain Ciar, were present at Sheriffmuir. On the failure of the Rising the chief's lands were forfeited, but restored when the clan remained loyal to the Crown in 1745. The eldest daughter of the chief bears the old title " Maid of Lorn."

MacDOUGALL, Alastair lan (1888-). Son of late Col. Jas. Mac-Dougall of Edinburgh. Major-General (1940) (Ret. 1944) Commanded Royal Scots Greys (1928-32). General Staff, War Office (1936-39). Deputy Chief of General Staff (1940).

MacDOUGALL, Alexander (1731-) of Islay. Major-General in the American Revolutionary War. Was a delegate to the Continental Congress in 1780 and 1784.

MacDOUGALL, Sir David (1912-) of Glasgow. Head of Govt. Economic Service and Chief Economic Adviser to the Treasury (1969-).

McDOUGALL, John B. (1890-1967) of Greenock. Sometime chief of the Tuberculosis Section, World Health Organisation, Geneva and Consultant in Tuberculosis to the Egyptian Govt.

MACDOWELL
A corruption of MacDougall.

MACDUFF
The son of the captain. The family are descended from Macduff, Earl of Fife, temp. Malcolm Canmore.

Tradition says that MacDuff was the patronymic of the Celtic Earls of Fife, and that the first Earl was MacDuff who opposed MacBeth and assisted Malcolm to the throne of Scotland. This ancient clan played an important part in the affairs of Scotland in those days.
The MacDuffs had the privilege of crowning the King, of leading the Scottish army, and privilege of sanctuary at the cross of MacDuff in Fifeshire. When Robert the Bruce was crowned in 1306, Duncan, Earl of Fife, who had married a niece of Edward I, was opposed to Bruce, and his sister Isabel, Countess of Buchan, and wife of Comyn, Bruce's enemy, exercised her family's privilege and suffered seven years' imprisonment in Berwick for her courage.

The old Earldom of Fife became extinct in 1353 on the death of Duncan, 12th Earl, but during the succeeding centuries traces of prominent families of the names Duff and MacDuff are found, and William Duff, Lord Braco, was, in 1759, created Viscount MacDuff and Earl of Fife in the Peerage of Ireland, and in 1827 James, 4th Earl, was raised to the peerage of Great Britain as Baron Fife. Alexander W. G. Duff, Duke of Fife and Earl of MacDuff, born in 1849, was a successful financier and a founder of the Chartered Company of South Africa. He was also a Lord Lieutenant of the County of London, and married Princess Louise, daughter of King Edward VII in 1889. He died in 1912 and was succeeded by his daughter Princess Alexandra Victoria, who married Prince Arthur of Connaught.

A branch of Clan Alpin. MacDuffie of Colonsay was reported to be hereditary keeper of the records for the Lords of the Isles. The MacFies held Colonsay until the mid-seventeeth century when they scattered. Some followed Lochiel, others the Islay MacDonalds.

McEACHERN, Sir Malcolm Donald (1852-1910) of Islay. Shipowner. Made Mayor of the city of Melbourne in 1899.

MACEWEN
The son of Ewen. The family are descended from Anradan, son of Gillebride, King of the Isles in the twelfth century.

Although of ancient origin there are few authentic records of this clan. Skene quoting the MS. of 1450 shows that the Clan Ewen together with the Clan Neil and the Clan Lachlan formed the Siol Gillevray of the Gallgael. The genealogy in the MS. proved the Clan
MacEwen existed long before 1450 and that they were known as the MacEwans of Otter. The Rev. Alexander McFarlane, minister of the parish of Kilfinan, writing in 1794, states that: " On a rocky point on the coast of Lochfyne about a mile below the church of Kilfinan is to be seen the vestige of a building called Caisteal mhic Eoghuin or MacEwen's Castle. This MacEwen was the chief of a clan and proprietor of Otter."

Eoghain na h-Oitrich (Ewen of Otter), who gives his name to the clan, lived at the beginning of the 13th century. Gillespie, 5th of Otter, flourished about a century later. Swene MacEwan, 9th and last of Otter, granted lands of Otter to Duncan Campbell in 1432 and resigned the barony of Otter to James I, but it was returned to him with remainder to Celestine, son and heir of Duncan Campbell of Lochow. In 1513 James V confirmed the barony of Otter to Colin, Earl of Argyll, and thereafter Otter remained in the possession of the Campbells.

Without lands the MacEwans became a " broken" clan and found their way to many districts. A large number settled in the Lennox country, others went farther afield to Lochaber, Perth, Skye and the Lowlands, including Galloway.

McEWEN, Sir John B. (1868-1948) of Hawick. Composer and Prin-cipal of the Royal College of Music, London (1924-36).

MacEWEN, Sir William (1848-1924) of Rothesay. Surgeon and pioneer in brain, lung and orthopaedic surgery. He was the first to operate for a brain abcess (1876) and successfully removed a brain tumor in 1878. He was also the first to perform a complete removal of a lung for tuberculosis in 1895.

McFADZEAN, Francis Scott, Baron (Life Peer) (1913-) of Glasgow. As Chairman of Shell Transport and Trading was Britain's highest paid businessman. Chairman of British Airways (1976-79) and of Rolls Royce from 1979.

McFADZEAN, William H., Baron (Life Peer) (1903-) of Stranraer. Chairman British Insulated Callender Cables Ltd. (1954-). Director (1949) and Deputy Chairman (1968) Midland Bank, etc.

MACFARLANE
The son of Pharlan. The family are descended from Gilchrist, brother of Maldowan, third Earl of Lennox.

Loch Lomond district was the home of several war-like clans, and none more war-like than the MacFarlanes, who claim the moon as their lantern, and who trace their descent from Gilchrist, brother of Maldowen, 3rd of the ancient Earls of Lennox in the 13th century. The great-grandson of Gilchrist was named Bartholomew, and from its Gaelic equivalent Parian, the clan takes its name.

Duncan, 6th chief of the clan, obtained the lands of Arrochar from the Earl of Lennox, and in 1395 he acquired many of the adjoining lands by marriage. On the death of the last of the old Earls of Lennox without male issue, MacFarlane claimed the title and lands. The conferring of the Earldom on Sir John Stewart of Darnley led to a long enmity between the contesting families that terminated only when a cadet of the MacFarlanes married a daughter of the Earl of Lennox in the 15th century. In the following century the clan found an outlet for their war-like spirit in supporting the Earls of Lennox, and Duncan MacFariane of Tarbet, who was afterwards killed at the Battle of Pinkie, is described as being in command of about 150 men who spoke Irish (Gaelic) and the English-Scottish tongue, well armed in shirts of mail, with bows and two-handed swords. The Mac-Farlanes distinguished themselves at the Battle of Langside fighting against Queen Mary, and claim to have captured three of the queen's standards.

In the 16th and 17th centuries the clan was proscribed and deprived of lands and name. Some members of the clan emigrated to Ireland and the last chief is believed to have emigrated to America in the 18th century. Walter, 20th chief, who died in 1767, was one of the most famous antiquarians and genealogists of his time.

MacFARLANE, George G. (1916-) of Airdrie. Appointed Controller (research) Ministry of Technology in 1967.

MACFARQUHAR
A corruption of Farquharson.

MacFARQUHAR, Sir Alexander (1903-), educ. Aberdeen and Cambridge. Director of personnel, United Nations (1962-67) UN Sec-General's special adviser for civil affairs in the Congo (1960).

MacFARQUHAR, Colin (1745-93) of Edinburgh. Printer and co-founder of the Encyclopaedia Britannica.

MACGAURIE
The son of Gowrie. The family are de scended from Donald MacGowrie, a descendant of Gorbredus, the grandson of Alphine Ruodh, King of Scotland in 830.

McGAW, William Rankin (1900-) of Glasgow. Director of Aircraft Equipment Production (1941), of Aircraft Supplies (General) (1946-48) and of Production (1948-52). Director-General, Aircraft Production, Min. of Supply (1952-61).

McGILL, Donald Fraser (1875-1962). His forebears emigrated to Canada from Wigtownshire. Originator of the popular, comic and saucy postcards. Hundreds of millions were produced.

Clan MacGillivray. This clan, one of the oldest branches of the Clan Chattan Confederation, came originally from Morven and Lochaber. They were one of the principal clans in the time of the famous Somerled whose father's name was Gillebride, but they suffered as many others during the conquest of Alexander II. This may have been the reason for the statement of a 16th century historian that about 1268 Gillivray, the progenitor of the Clan vic Gillivray, took protection for himself and posterity of Farquhard Mackintosh, 5th of Mackintosh.

About 1500 the MacGillivrays settled at Dunmaglass in Strathnairn, and in succeeding years added considerably to their possessions and became very influential in that part of the country. The Clan Chattan Bonds of 1609 and 1664 were signed by three members of the clan, being gentlemen and heads of families. The MacGillivrays continued to take a prominent part in public affairs including local clan disputes. A story is related about Captain William, a son of Farquhar, 6th of Dunmaglass. A local lady disappeared and was reported to have been carried off by the fairies. The captain, learning of wax candles of a particular virtue in possession of a MacQueen, succeeded after many attempts in obtaining the desired charm and restored the lady to her unhappy husband. The candle was preserved in the family for many generations.

The MacGillivrays took a prominent part in the Jacobite Risings of 1715 and 1745, and at Culloden, Alexander, chief of the clan, led the Clan Chattan regiment which almost wiped out the left wing of the Hanoverian army. The burial place of the MacGillivrays of Dunmaglass is in Dunlichity churchyard.

McGILLIVRAY, Alexander (1759-93). Born in Georgia, USA. Son of Lachlan McGillivray of Inverness. Became a Red Indian Chief of the Creek tribe in 1777. He also became a colonel in the British army during the Revolution, and later a Brigadier-General in the US army.

McGILLIVRAY, William (1764-) of Inverness-shire. Fur trader. Founder of the Canadian town of Fort William on Lake Superior. In 1970 Fort William amalgamated with Port Arthur to form the new city of Thunder Bay.

McGONAGALL, William (1830-1902) of Edinburgh. Weaver and writer of doggerel verse.

MACGREGOR
The son of Gregor. The family are descended from Kenneth Macalpine, ancestor of the Scottish kings.

"'S rioghal mo dhream " (Royal is my race) is the claim of this, one of the most famous of Highland clans, and the principal branch of the Clan Alpine. The clan claim descent from Griogar, son of King Alpin, in the 8th century. The home of the clan was the eastern border of Argyll and the western border of Perthshire, including Glenorchy, Glenstrae, Glenlyon and Glengyle. The earliest possession of the clan, Glenorchy, previously owned by the Campbells, was bestowed on the MacGregors for services rendered to Alexander II in his conquest of Argyll. For a long time the MacGregors maintained possession of their lands by right of the sword, but the enmity of surrounding clans resulted in attempts to displace the clan, and the inevitable retaliation by the
MacGregors, who thus earned the reputation of being a turbulent clan. During these conflicts the Campbells were enabled to obtain grants of the MacGregor lands, the name of MacGregor was proscribed, and severe enactments were passed against the clan, whose unfortunate members were prosecuted and persecuted. Charles II, because of their support, repealed the acts against Clan Gregor, but upon the accession of William of Orange the acts of proscription were renewed, and it was not until 1775 that the penal statutes against the MacGregors were finally repealed. After the restoration of their rights a meeting of the clan was held and John Murray of Lanrick, afterwards Sir John MacGregor, Bart., descended from the family of Glenstrae, was recognised as chief.

Rob Roy (1671-1734) the celebrated freebooter and hero of Sir Walter Scott's romance, was a son of Lieut-Col. Donald MacGregor of Glengyle.

McGREGOR, Alasdair Alpin (1899-1970). Educ. Tain, Inverness and Edin. Author and traveller. Explored MacDonnell Ranges in Central Australia (1952-53). Prolific writer, usually illustrated with his own photographs.

MacGREGOR, Sir Alexander S.M. (1881-1967) of Arbroath. Physician. Medical Officer of Health, Glasgow (1925-46). President, Society of Medical Officers of Health (1941-42).

MacGREGOR, Andrew (1897-) of Crieff. Air Vice-Marshal. Senior Air Staff Officer HQ No. 4 Gp.(1940-42), Air Officer Admin., North Africa (1942-44), AOC No.28 Gp.(1945-46) and AOA, HQ Fighter Commd. (1946-49).

MacGREGOR, Sir Gregor (-d.1845). A remarkable character who became a General in the Venezuelan army under Simon Bolivar.

MacGREGOR, J. Geddes, (1909-) son of the late Thos. Geddes MacGregor of Dundee. Dean of the Graduate School of Religion and Professor of Philosophy of Religion, Univ. of Southern California (I960-).

MacGREGOR, Sir lan Kinloch (1912-) of Kinlochleven. Metallurgist. Left Scotland in 1941 to advise the Americans on steel for tanks and battleships. Appointed Chairman of British Steel (1980-83) and the Coal Board in 1983 when he was instrumental in the breaking of the year long strike and the overpowering of the NUM.

McGREGOR, Sir James of Lethendrey, Strathspey. Surgeon and sol-dier. Was Wellington's Surgeon General. Became known as the 'Father of the Royal Army Medical Corps'.

MacGREGOR, Lewis R. (1886-) of Aberfeldy. Director-General Commonwealth of Australia War Supplies Procurement Mission, Washington and Ottawa (1941-45). HM Australian Minister to Brazil (1945-49).

MacGREGOR, Robert B. (1896-) educ. Dunbar and Edinburgh. Retired as Senior Medical Officer, Malacca Agricultural Medical Board in 1958. Sometime Director, Medical Services, Straits Settlements and Adviser, Medical Services, Malay States (1940-).

McGUGAN, Stuart, (1944-) of Stirling. Journalist who became an actor. Best known for his part in TVs It Aint Half Hot Mum and as a regular presenter of Playschool.

MacHABENS, Johannes (-d.1557). A reformer of the clan MacAlpine, who from 1542 was Professor of Theology at Copenhagen.

McHARDY, William D. (1911-) of Banffshire. Professor of Hebrew, Oxford Univ. (I960-). Examiner, Univs. of Aberdeen, Cambridge, Durham, Edinburgh, Leeds, London, Oxford and Gold Coast Univ. Coll.

MacILWRAITH, Sir Thomas (1835-1900) of Ayr. Politician who was Premier of Queensland, Australia (1879-86, 1888 and 1892-93).

The MacInneses, or Clan Aonghais, are a Celtic clan of ancient origin. The earliest known territory of the Maclnneses was Morven and they are said to have formed part of a branch of the Siol Gillebride, believed to be the original inhabitants of Morven and Ardnamurchan. It is claimed that they were constables of the castle of Kinlochaline.

Hugh MacDonald, the Sleat historian of the 17th century, writing of Morven in the 12th century states that " the principal names in the country were Maclnnes and MacGillivray, who are the same as the Maclnnes," and then goes on to describe how Somerled coming out
of his retirement led these clans and defeated the Norsemen, and expelled them from the district. The Maclnneses remained in possession of Morven, and as late as 1645 it appears that a Maclnnes was in command of the Castle of Kinlochaline when it was besieged and burnt by Coll Kitto. When the Maclnneses and the MacGillivrays of Morven and Ardgour were broken up, we find, writes Skene, that they acknowledged the Clan Dugall Craignish (Campbell) as their chief.

MacINNES, Helen C., of Helensburgh ? Author. Wrote many novels incl. Above Suspicion (1941), The Unconqurable, Friends and Lovers (1947) and North From Rome (1958).

The Mackinnons, one of the branches of the Siol Alpine, claim to be descended from Fingon, a great-grandson of Kenneth MacAlpin. The MacKinnons held lands in Mull and Skye. and from the earliest times appear to have been vassals of the Lords of the Isles. In 1409 Lachlan MacKinnon witnessed a charter of the Lord of the Isles. Until the forfeiture of the Lordship of the Isles, the history of the MacKinnons is bound up with that important family. The MacKinnons were intimately connected with the ecclesiastical history of lona, and the last Abbey of that holy island was John MacKinnon, who died in 1550.

Interesting evidence of the connection between the branches of Siol Alpine, who although widely separated, claimed a common ancestry, is to be found in a bond of friendship in 1606 between MacKinnon of Strathardle and Finlay MacNab of Bowaine, and again a bond of manrent between MacKinnon of Strathardle and James MacGregor of MacGregor in 1671.

Ewen, chief of the clan, received from James V a charter of the lands of Mishnish and Strathardle in 1542. The clan was at the Battle of Inveliochy under Montrose. In 1646 Lauchlan, chief, and the clan, supported Charles II at the Battle of Worcester. His second son, Donald, emigrated to Antigua where he died in 1720.

The MacKinnons were out in 1715 and again in 1745 in support of the Stuarts. After Culloden, the chief, although old and infirm, was imprisoned in London but was allowed to return home in 1747. His son Charles had to part with the family estates after they had been
in the clan possession for over four centuries. In 1808 the last chief of the main line died, and the chiefship passed to the family of Donald who emigrated to Antigua.

MACKINTOSH
The son of the first. The family are descended from Shaw, living in 1163, second son of Duncan MacDuff, third Earl of Fife. The clan name is derived from Mac-an-Toisich and it means " son of the chief." The founder of the clan is traditionally said to have been a son of MacDuff, ancestor of the Earls of Fife. The Mackintoshes are one of the clans forming the Clan Chattan Confederation, the chiefship of which devolved on the chiefs of Mackintosh through the marriage in 1291 of Angus, 6th Laird of Mackintosh, to Eva, heiress of Clan Chattan.

The first mention of the Mackintosh as Captain of Clan Chattan is in a charter granted to William Mackintosh by the Lord of the Isles in 1337, and confirmed by King David II in 1359. The rise of the Mackintoshes led to a period of feuds with the Earls of Moray and Huntly, and the clans Cameron, MacDonells of Keppoch, and Gordon. In 1639 when Huntly supported the King, Mackintosh joined the Covenanters north of the Spey, and he formed part of the army opposing Cromwell, 1650. At the Revolution the Mackintoshes supported the new government and refused to join Viscount Dundee.

They were prominent in the Jacobite Rising of 1715 under Brigadier Mackintosh of Borlum. Angus, chief in 1745, was on service with London's Highlanders when the Rising took place, but Lady Anne his wife, who was a Farquharson of Invercauld, raised the clan for Prince Charles and her strategy was responsible for the Rout of Moy when 1500 of the government troops were put to flight by half a dozen of Lady Mackintosh's retainers. Here the famous piper Donald Ban MacCrimmon, who accompanied the Royalist force, was killed. Following the death in 1938 of the 28th Chief the chiefships of Clan Mackintosh and Clan Chattan were separated.

McINTOSH, Alastair (1913-) of Dundee. Principal Adviser to the High Commissioner, Aden, (1963-64).

MacINTOSH, Charles (1766-1843) of Glasgow. Chemist and inventor. He obtained a patent (1825) for converting malleable iron into steel, thus helping Neilson to bring in his 'hot-blast' process (1828). He patented his misnamed Mackintosh waterproof cloth in 1823. Elected FRS (1823).

MacINTOSH, Duncan W. (1904-) of Inverness. Was Commissioner of Police, Hong Kong (1946-54), and Police Adviser to the Govt. of Iraq (1954-58) and to Govt. of Jordan (1962-).

MacINTOSH, Capt. William (? -d.1825). Son of Benjamin Macintosh of Borlum, Inverness-shire. Became a Red Indian Chief of the Creek tribe.

MACINTYRE
The son of the carpenter.

The Clan MacIntyre is of ancient origin, with, it is claimed, a close connection with the Clan Donald. The commonly accepted origin of the name is that Mac-an-t-saoir means "the son of the carpenter." A prominent member of the clan gives the derivation as from a MacDonald called Cean-tire from possessing lands in Kintyre. His son John acquired the lands of Degnish in Lorn and was known as John Mac-Cein-teire-Dhegnish. The former derivation may account for the name being found in districts widely separated, as there would be carpenters or wrights in many districts.

The principal family was the Macintyres who possessed the lands of Glencoe on Loch Etive for several centuries until they were forced to part with them in 1806. Members of this family emigrated to America. A branch of the MacIntyres were a sept of the Campbells of Craignish. The clan was notable for its versatility. The Mac-Intyres of Glencoe were hereditary foresters to the Stewarts, Lords of Lorn. The Macintyres of Badenoch are descended from the bard Macintyre whom William, 13th of MacKintosh, took under his protection in 1496.

A family of Macintyres were hereditary pipers to MacDonald of Clanranald, and the Macintyres of Rannoch were hereditary pipers to the chief of Clan Menzies. A branch of the clan resident in Cladich were famous for their weaving of hose and garters.

One of the most famous of Gaelic poets was Duncan Macintyre, Donnacha Ban nan Oran, born in Glenorchy in 1724. He was out in the Rising of 1745, and was later imprisoned for a poem he wrote against the Act proscribing the Highland dress. He died in Edinburgh
in 1812.

MacINTYRE, Sir Donald (1891-) of Glasgow. Minister of Finance, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland (1953-62). Made a Freeman of the city of Bulawayo in 1955.

MACIVER
The son of Iver, which signifies a chief or leader.

The Clan Iver, known also as Clan Iver Glassary, from Glassary in Argyll, are claimed to have formed part of the army of Alexander II which conquered Argyll in 1221, and received for their services lands in that district. They had come from Glenlyon district, and in Argyll their principal possessions were Lergachonzie and Asknish, and lands in Glassary and Cowal.

The history of the clan after they obtained lands in Argyll is very obscure. It is asserted that in the 13th century branches of the family left Argyll and settled in Lochaber, Gleneig and Ross, and it would appear that the Maclvers were for some time a " broken " clan. Duncan, who succeeded as chief of the clan about 1572, is described as of Stronshiray and Superior of Lergachonzie. In 1685 Iver of Asknish and Stronshiray forfeited land for aiding Archibald, 9th Earl of Argyll in rebellion. Following the Revolution of 1688, Archibald, 10th Earl, restored the estates of Iver to his son Duncan Maclver on condition that he and his heirs should bear the name and arms of Campbell. Iver was thus the last chief of the Maclvers, and Sir Humphrey Campbell who died in 1818 was the last in the male line of Duncan Maclver of Stronshiray.

Branches of the clan in Argyll all appear to have assumed the name of Campbell. Those in the north and in Lewis retained the name of Maclver.

MacIVER, Robert Morrison (1882-1970) of the Isle of Lewis. Professor of Political Philosophy and Sociology, Columbia Univ. (1929-50). Director, New York City Juvenile Delinquency Evaluation Project (1956-61) and President of the New School of Social Research (1963-65).

MacKAIL, John William (1859-1945) of Bute. Classical scholar. Profes-sor of Poetry at Oxford (1906-11). President of the British Academy (1932-33) Latin Literature-a Survey of the Whole Literature of Ancient Rome (1895) was his work.

MACKAY
The son of the champion. They claim to be descended from Ymore, son of Donald of Strathnavern, a descendant of Achonacher (claimed aa an ancestor of the family of Forbes), who came from Ireland about the end of the twelfth century.

This powerful clan was known as the Clan-Morgan and as the Clan Aoidh. The former name is claimed from Morgan, son of Magnus in the early 14th century, the latter from his grandson Aodh or Hugh. The Mac-Kays are descended from the old Royal House of Macbeth. When Donald, Lord of the Isles, claiming the Earldom of Ross, invaded Sutherland, he was opposed by Angus Dubh and the Clan MacKay, but they were defeated and Angus was imprisoned by the Lord of the Isles. Angus, however, became reconciled and married Elizabeth, daughter of his captor, with whom he received many lands. Angus was killed at the time of the Bards of Drumnacoub in 1429.

In 1626 Sir Donald MacKay of Farr raised an army of 3000 men for service in Bohemia, and afterwards in Denmark. The lands of Strathnaver were sold in 1642 and the remainder of the MacKay country was sold in 1829 to the house of Sutherland. Aeneas, grandson of the 1st Lord
Reay, was colonel of the MacKay Dutch regiment and settled in Holland, where his family were ennobled  with the title of Baron, and when the Scottish succession ceased Baron Eric MacKay van Ophemert, Holland, became 12th Baron Reay.

The MacKays of Argyll, who can be traced back to the 13th century, are said to have no connection with the MacKays of the north.

MacKAY Alexander Morehead (1849-90) of Rhynie, Aberdeenshire. Engineer and pioneer missionary to Uganda (1875-90) Became known as 'MacKay of Uganda'. Died of a fever at Usumbiro.

MacKAY, Charles (1814-89) of Perth. Songwriter, and editor of the Illustrated London News (1848-59). New York correspondent of The Times during the Civil War (1862-65). Two of his songs 'There's a Good Time coming' and 'Cheer Boys Cheer' were extremely popular.

MacKAY, Dave, (1934-) of Edinburgh. Footballer, team trainer and manager of outstanding ability. Became known as the 'Iron Man' of football. He had 22 Scottish Caps. Surely one of Scotland's football all-time greats.

MacKAY, Fulton (1923-87) of Paisley. Actor. Played many major parts in TV productions including, The Master of Ballantrae, Special Branch, Porridge, and Some Mothers do 'ave em.

MacKAY, Sir Gordon (1914-) of Aberdeenshire. General Manager, East African Railways and Harbours (1961-64). With the World Bank (1965-).

MacKAY, Hugh (c. 1640-92) of Scourie, Sutherland. General who fought for Charles II after the Restoration (1660) and then for France against Holland. He later attached himself to William of Orange (1689).

MacKAY James, Scottish botanist who discovered the sources of the Mississippi and Missouri rivers in 1784.

MacKAY, James, Lord MacKAY of Clashfern (1927-) Edinburgh. Appointed Lord Chancellor in 1987. Noted for his legal reforms in Britain's complicated legal system. Not all of his reforms are popular with English lawyers.

MacKAY Sir John (1912-) of Blantyre. Became Chief Inspector of Constabulary for England and Wales. Was Chief Constable in Manchester (1959-66).

MacKAY, John A. (1889-) of Inverness. President of Princeton Theological Seminary (1936-59). Moderator, General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in the USA (1953).

MacKAY, Mary (1855-1924) of Perth. Novelist who wrote under the name of 'Marie Corelli'. With The Sorrows of Satan (1895) she became the most popular novelist of her time in Britain.

McKELLAR, Kenneth (1927-) of Paisley. Singer and concert artist. Principal tenor, Carl Rosa Opera Co. (1953-54). His TV and radio programme A Song for Everyone was well received. Has had several successful Commonwealth tours.

MACKENZIE
The son of Kenneth, which signifies a chieftain. The family are descended from Colin Fitzgerald, a scion of the Kildare family in Ireland, who in 1263 came to Scotland to assist Alexander in against the Danes, and he behaved so well at the battle of Largis in Coningham, that he was in 1266 rewarded with the Barony of Kintail, in which he was succeeded by his son Kenneth, whose descendants were called Mackennie, afterwards varied into MacKenzie.

The MacKenzies claim to be descended from Colin, progenitor of the Earls of Ross. He died in 1278 and was succeeded by his son Kenneth. In 1362 Murdoch, son of Kenneth 3rd Earl, received from David II the lands of Kintail. In 1491 the MacKenzies defeated the MacDonaIds in a fierce battle known as Blair-na-park. The clan supported James IV at Flodden where their chief was captured by the English, and at the Battle of Pinkie the MacKenzies fought for James V. Colin,11th chief
fought in the army of Queen Mary at Langside. Kenneth. 12th chief, in 1607 received a charter of the lands of Lochalsh and Lochcarron, and it is said that at this time all the lands from Ardnamurchan to Strathnaver were in the possession of the MacKenzies or their vassals.

Colin, 2nd Lord, was created Earl of Seaforth by James VI in 1623, and was Secretary of State in Scotland to Charles II. Kenneth, 4th Earl, was nominated a Knight of the Thistle by James VII whom he followed to France. William, 5th Earl, joined the Earl of Mar in 1715 as at Sheriffmuir, and later escaped to France. He was attainted and his estates forfeited. In 1726 he was pardoned by George I and died in Lewis in 1740. Kenneth, his grandson, repurchased the forfeited estates and in 1771 was restored to the Earldom of Seaforth. Francis Humbertson MacKenzie, who had succeeded to the estates of Seaforth and Humbertson, was created a British peer in 1797 by the title Lord Seaforth, Baron MacKenzie of Kintail.

He died in 1815, his four sons having pre-deceased him, and his eldest daughter married J. A. Stewart of Glasserton who assumed the name Stewart MacKenzie of Seaforth.

MacKENZIE, Alexander (1822-92) of Dunkeld, Perthshire. Canadian statesman. Became Prime Minister of Canada after Sir John MacDonald (1873-78).

MacKENZIE, Sir Alexander (1764-1820) of Stornoway. Explorer and fur-trader in NW Canada. The MacKenzie River which bears his name was discovered by him in 1789. He crossed the Rockies to the Pacific (1792-93).

MacKENZIE, Sir Alexander Campbell (1847-1935) of Edinburgh. Composer and conductor. Conductor of the Philharmonic Society (1892-99). President of the International Music Society (1908-12). Composed many notable works including The Cricket on the Hearth (1914), The Eve of St John (1924) and the oratorio The Rose ofSbaron (1884).

MacKENZIE, Charles Frederick (1825-62) of Peeblesshire. Became the first Anglican Bishop in Central Africa.

MacKENZIE, Colin (1755-1821) of Stornoway. Colonel and surveyor. A brilliant mathematician. Became first Surveyor-General of India in 1815.

MacKENZIE, Sir George (1636-91) of Dundee. Lawyer, writer and politician. Held the post of Lord-Advocate under Charles II and James II. As criminal prosecutor in the days of the Covenanters he earned the name 'bluedy Mackenzie'.

MacKENZIE, Sir George S. (1780-1848). Minerologist. He was first to obtain proof of the identity of diamond with carbon.

MacKENZIE Henry (1745-1831) of Edinburgh. Novelist, essayist and lawyer. Perhaps best remembered as a writer. His most famous work was The Man of Feeling (1771).

MacKENZIE, Sir Hugh (1913-) of Inverness. Vice-Admiral, Flag Officer Submarines (1961-63). Director, Atlantic Salmon Research Trust (1959-).

MacKENZIE, Sir James (1853-1925) of Scone, Perthshire. Physician. In 1902 he published his classical Study of the Pulse. He invented the polygraph to record graphically the heart's action. His Diseases of the Heart (1908) confirmed his reputation as one of the world's greatest cardiologists. Elected FRS in 1915.

MacKENZIE, Sir Morell (1837-92). Physician and throat specialist. Co-founder of the Hospital for Diseases of the Throat, London.

MacKENZIE, Sir Robert (1811-) of Ross-shire. Became Prime Minis-ter of Australia in 1869.

MacKENZIE, William Lyon (1795-1861) of Dundee. Journalist, reformer and patriot. Leader of the Upper Canadian rebellion of 1837-38. He became first Mayor of Toronto in 1834. Elected to the Legislature of Canada in 1851.

MacKENZIE, William W. (1860-1923) of Scone. Lawyer and industrial arbitrator. Chairman, Riy. National Wages Bd. (1920-26), Royal Commission on licensing (1929-31) and on Newfoundland (1935). Chairman, Royal Society of Arts (1937-38).

MACKELLAR
The son of the steward.

MacKINNON, Donald M. (1913-) of Oban. Professor of Divinity, Cambridge Univ. (I960-). Lecturer on philosophy and religion.

MacKINNON, Quintin (-d.1892) of Argyll. Surveyor and explorer. Discovered MacKinnon's Pass in New Zealand about 1888.

MacKINNON, Sir William (1823-93) of Campbeltown, Argyll. Founder of the British East Africa Co. In 1878 following negotiations with the Sultan of Zanzibar, MacKinnon secured by lease, large strips of the East African coast for Great Britain.

MacKINTOSH, Angus M. (1915-) of Inverness. Sometime British High Commissioner in Ceylon. Ambassador to the Republic of Maldives (1969-).

MacKINTOSH, Charles Rennie (1868-1928) of Glasgow. Architect and decorative designer who exercised considerable influence on European design. The Scottish Pavilion at the Turin Exhibition (1902) was his work, as was Queen's Cross Church, Glasgow.

MacKINTOSH, Elizabeth (-d.1952) of Inverness. Novelist and play-wright. Her best known novel Kip (1929) was written under her pen-name 'Gordon Daviot'.

MacKINTOSH, Sir James (1765-1832) of Aldowrie, Loch Ness. Jour-nalist, historian, philosopher and statesman. Was Professor of Law at East India Coll., Haileybury (1818-24).

MACLACHLAN
The son of Lachlan. The family are descended from Gilchrist, grandson of Anradan, the son of Gillebride, King of the Isles in the twelfth century.

The MacLachlans are of ancient origin. As early as 1230 Gilchrist MacLachlan witnessed a charter granted by Lamond, ancestor of the Lamonds. In 1292 Gilleskel MacLachlan received a charter of his lands in Argyll from King John Baliol, and in 1308 Gillespie MacLachlan was a member of the first parliament of Robert the Bruce in St. Andrews. During the 14th and 15th centuries the chiefs of the clan made grants to the Preaching Friars of Glasgow from their lands of Kilbride, near Castlelachlan.

In 1615 the MacLachlans formed part of Argyll's army that opposed the forces of Sir James MacDonald of lsla, and in 1689 they were with Dundee at the Battle of Killiecrankie. During the '45 the clan supported Prince Charles, and the chief who had been appointed
A.D.C. to the Prince was killed at the Battle of Culloden. The estates were attainted, but in 1749, Robert, then chief, regained possession of the lands. From him were descended the later chiefs.
There are several branches of the clan in Argyll, Perthshire, Stirlingshire and Lochaber.

Maclaine. Descended from Eachin Reganach, brother of Lachlan Lubanach, who was the forebear of the MacLeans of Duart. The brothers lived during the reign of Robert II. The chiefship was settled by tanistry and Duart is recognised as chief of Clan Maclean, although Eachin Reganach was, in fact, an elder brother of Lachlan Lubanach. Charles, son of Eachin was progenitor of the Macleans of Glen Urquhart and Dochgarroch, a sept of Clan Chattan. The Maclaines were followers of the Lord of the Isles, and were granted lands in Mull.

Clan MacLaren. A traditional account claims that the MacLarens are descended from Lorn, son of Erc, who landed in Argyll in a.d. 503. The MacLarens are recorded as having been in possession of lands in Balquhidder and Strathearn in the 12th century. In the Ragman Roll in 1296 are three names that have been identified as belonging to the Clan MacLaren, Maurice of Tyrie, Conan of Balquhidder and Laurin of Ardveche in Strathearn, all in Perthshire.

In the 14th century when the Earldom of Strathearn became vested in the crown, the MacLarens were reduced from proprietors of their lands to perpetual tenants. They remained loyal to the crown and fought for James III at Sauchieburn in 1488, for James IV at Flodden in 1513, and for Queen Mary at Pinkie in 1547. They are included in the Rolls of the Clans in 1587 and 1594, appended to an Act of Parliament known as " The General Band." The MacLarens were a war-like clan and had their share of feuds with neighbouring clans. The greater part of the clan followed the Stewarts of Appin, while others followed the Murrays of Atholl. Dugal Stewart, first of Appin, was the natural son of John Stewart, Lord of Lorn, and a daughter of MacLaren of Ardveche.

The clan was out in the '45 and suffered severely at Culloden. MacLaren of Invernenty was taken prisoner and made a remarkable escape near Moffat when being conveyed to Carlisle. The incident is described by Sir Walter Scott in Redgauntlet. John MacLaurin, Lord Dreghorn (1734-1796), proved his claim to the chiefship of the clan before the Lyon Court in 1781 through his descent from a family that had long held the island of Tiree.

MacLAREN, Charles (1782-1866) of Ormiston, E.Lothian. Writer and first editor of the Scotsman. Edited the Encyclopaedia Britannica (6th ed.)

MacLAREN, Sir Hamish (1898-) of Banffshire. Director of Electrical Engineering, Admiralty (1945-60).

McLAREN, Hugh C. (1913-) of Glasgow. Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Birmingham (1951-).

McLAREN, John (1845-) of Bannockburn. Gardener who designed the Golden Gate Park in San Francisco.

McLAUGHLIN, John. A Scottish chemist in Toronto. Invented the popular soft drink 'Canada Dry' about 1890.

MACLAURIN
The son of Lawrence.

MacLAURIN, Colin (1698-1746) of Kilmodan, Argyll. Mathematician. His Treatise on Fluxions (1742) was of great importance. Was also the author of A Treatise on Algebra. Elected FRS in 1719.

MACLEAN
The son of Gillean. The family are descended from Gillian-ni-Tuiodth, who fought in the battle of Largs.

The Clan Maclean who at one time or another held extensive lands in the Western Isles and mainland are descended from Gilleathain na Tuaidh, Gillian of the Battleaxe, in the 13th century. Two brothers, his descendants, were Lachlan Lubanach, progenitor of the
MacLeans of Duart, and Eachan Reaganach, progenitor of the MacLaines of Lochbuie.

The MacLeans were supporters of the MacDougalls of Lorn, but later transferred their allegiance to the MacDonalds, Lords of the Isles, and became one of their most powerful vassals. The MacLeans fought at the Battle of Harlaw, where their chief Red Hector of the
Battles was killed. On the forfeiture of the Lordship of the Isles in 1493, the MacLeans, then divided into four separate branches, became independent. Lachlan MacLean of Duart was killed at Flodden in 1513, and during the 16th and 17th centuries the MacLeans were one of the most important clans in the Western Isles. In 1632 Lachlan MacLean of Morven, heir to Hector MacLean of Duart, was created a baronet.

MacLeans fought at Inverlochy under Montrose, and at Inverkeithing, and in the latter battle occurred the famous incident of seven brothers in the clan each giving his life to protect his chief, each as he fell shouting " Another for Hector." The sacrifice was unavailing for Sir Hector  too was killed. The MacLeans supported Dundee at the Battle of Killiecrankie, and joined the Earl of Mar in 1715. Sir Hector, chief in 1745, was imprisoned in London for two years, but the clan appeared at Culloden under the Duke of Perth.

Sir Fitzroy MacLean, 10th Baronet, repurchased Duart Castle in 1910.

MacLEAN, Alistair (1922-87) of Deviot, Inverness-shire. Novelist and playwright. Was Britain's best selling author, and one of the world's most successful adventure writers. H.M.S. Ulysses, The Guns of Navarone and Where Eagles Dare are but three of his many exciting books. Has had 13 of his novels made into films. Described himself as a businessman whose business is writing.

MacLEAN, Allan (1840-1911) Scottish statesman who became Premier and First Secretary of Victoria, Australia (1899-1900). Minister of Trade and Customs, Commonwealth Parliament of Australia (1904-05).

MacLEAN, Sir Charles H. Fitzroy, Baron (life peer). Chief Scout of the British Commonwealth and Empire (1959-71). The Lord Chamberlain, The Organiser of Princess Anne's wedding. The Queen's Silver Jubilee Celebration, Lord Mountbatten's Funeral and Prince Charles' Wedding.

MacLEAN, Donald M. (1899-) of the Isle of Lewis. Was Com-modore Captain, Cunard Fleet and Commander RMS Queen Elizabeth (1960-62).

MacLEAN, Sir Fitzroy Hew (1911-) of Dunconnel. Diplomat and soldier. Distinguished himself as Commander of the British military mission to the Jugoslav partisans (1943-45).

MacLEAN, Sir Harry (Kaid) (c. 1848-1920) of Mull. Sometime Commander in Chief of the Sultan of Morocco's Army.

McLEAN, Sir Kenneth G. (1896-). Educated in Edinburgh. Lieut.-General, Deputy Adjutant-General GHQ Far East (1945-46). Chief of Staff CCG and Deputy Military Governor British Zone, Germany (1949), Chief Staff Officer, Min. of Defence (1951-52).

MacLEHOSE, Crawford Murray, Lord MacLehose of Beoch, Ayr-shire, (1917-) Diplomat, Governor and Commander in Chief, Hong Kong (1971-82), Ambassador to Vietnam (1967-69) and to Denmark (1969-71).

MACLELLAN
The son of Lellan. The family are descended from David MacLellan, 1217.

MacLELLAN, George D. (1922-) of Glasgow. Professor and Head of Engineering, Univ. of Liverpool (1965-). Visiting professor, Michigan State Univ. (1955-58).

MacLELLAN, Robert (1907-) of Lesmahagow. Playwright. He wrote for the Citizen's Theatre and later for the BBC. His works incl. The Changeling (1935), The Flowers 0' Edinburgh (1947) and The Hypocrite (1970).

MacLENNAN, Sir lan (1909-) of Glasgow. Appointed British High Commissioner in New Zealand in 1964.

MACLEOD
The son of Leod. The family are descended from Malcolm, son of Termed Macleod, temp. David II.

The Siol Torquil branch of the Clan MacLeod is descended from Torquil, son of Leod. In the 14th century King David II granted to Torquil MacLeod a charter of the barony of Assynt in Sutherland. Lewis had been held by this branch of the clan as vassals of the MacDonalds, and with the acquisition of other lands in Raasay, Waternish and Gairloch, the Siol Torquil rivalled the Siol Tormod in importance and disputed the chiefship of the clan.

Torquil, who was chief of this branch of the MacLeods, had his estate forfeited in 1506 for assisting Donald Dubh MacDonald in his rebellion to obtain the forfeited Lordship of the Isles. The forfeited estate of Lewis was restored to Malcolm, brother of the attainted Torquil in 1511. In the 16th century the history of the Siol Torquil became a succession of feuds, not only with other clans, but between members of their own clans, and when the main lines became extinct in the early 17th century, the chiefship of this branch later passed to the MacLeods of Raasay, though Raasay was sold by the 11th Laird in 1846.

MacLeod of Macleod. The Clan MacLeod is descended from Leod, son of Olave the Black, who lived in the 13th century. Leod's two sons, Tormod and Torquil, were founders of the two main branches of the clan. From Tormod came the MacLeods of Glenelg, Harris and Dunvegan, and from Torquil the MacLeods of Lewis, Waternish and Assynt.

The Siol Tormod supported Bruce in the War of Independence, and Malcolm, son of Tormod, received a charter from David II about 1343 granting him lands in Glenelg. William, 5th of Gleneig, proved his able leadership by his victories over the Frasers and over the Lord
of the Isles. His son John supported the Lord of the Isles at Harlaw in 1411. In 1498 King James IV granted to Alexander 8th the lands of Duirnish and Troternish, and in the charter his father William 7th was described as of Dunvegan.

One of the most distinguished chiefs was Roderick 16th, the famous Rory Mor, who was knighted by King James VI in 1603. He died in 1626. He was held in high esteem by the clan and his death was the occasion of the famous piobaireachd " Rory Mor's Lament," composed by Patrick Mor MacCrimmon. The MacLeods supported Charles I and Charles II, and were present at the Battle of Worcester in 1651 when the clan to the number of 700 were almost wiped out. The memory of this event and the ingratitude of the King may be the reason for the MacLeods refraining from taking part in the later Jacobite Risings. Sir Reginald, 27th chief, who died in 1935 was the last of the male line of the Dunvegan MacLeods. His daughter Dame Flora, Mrs. MacLeod of MacLeod, succeeded him as 28th chief.

MacLEOD, Donald (Donny) (1932-) of Stornoway. TV Presenter on Pebble Mill (1973-), Saturday Night at the Mill, The Best of Scottish, etc.

MacLEOD, Very Revd George F. (Baron MacLeod of Fuinary). (1895-). Lecturer on Evangelism. First holder of Fosdick Professorship (Rockefeller Foundation), Union Theological Seminary, New York (1954-55).

MacLEOD, lan Norman (1913-1970). Politician and Cabinet Minis-ter. Minister of Health (1952-55) of Labour and National Service (1955-59), Sec. of State, Colonies (1959-61), Chairman, Conservative Party (1961-63), Editor of The Spectator (1964-65) and Chancellor of the Exchequer when he died.

MacLEOD, John James Rickard (1876-1935) of Cluny, near Dunkeld. Physiologist. Professor of Physiology at Cleveland, Ohio (1903-18), Toronto (1918-28). Celebrated for his work on the isolation of insulin, (1922) for which he won a Nobel Prize. His father belonged to Wick, Caithness.

MacLEOD, Norman (1812-72) of Campbeltown. Divine and writer. Appointed Chaplain to Queen Victoria in 1857.

MACMICHAEL
The son of Michael, which signifies, Who is like God?

Clan Macmillan. There are several origins suggested for the Clan Macmillan, and the fact that they were found in widely separated areas makes the problem more difficult. Skene suggests that they were connected with the Clan Chattan, and Buchanan of Auchmar claims their descent from the Buchanans. The name Macmillan is of ecclesiastical origin and a like origin is claimed for the name Buchanan. The armorial bearings of both clans contain a rampant lion.

The Macmillans were in the Loch Arkaig district in the 12th century when it is alleged they were removed to the crown lands round Loch Tay. About two centuries later they were driven from Lawers, and the greater number settled in Knapdale, while the others travelled
farther south and the branch in Galloway is claimed to be of the latter number. Macmillan of Knap was considered to be the chief of the clan, and when the Knapdale Macmillans became extinct, the chiefship passed to the family of Dunmore, an estate lying on the side of Loch Tarbet opposite Knapdale, but that family also is now extinct. The clan is still associated with districts originally in the possession of Macmillans, i.e. Lochaber, Argyllshire and Galloway.

In 1951 the chiefship, by decree of Lyon Court, passed to the representative of the Laggalgarve line.

MacMILLAN, Daniel (1813-57). Scottish publisher. Was employed as a bookseller in Irvine and Glasgow before moving to London where he became senior partner in the publishing business which was founded in 1843, now MacMillan Ltd.

MacMILLAN of MacMILLAN, Sir Gordon H. A. (1897-). General, GSO 2 War Office and Eastern Commd. (1937-40), GSI (1940-41), Brigade General Staff UK and N. Africa (1941-43), Commander Infantry Brigade, Sicily (1943), 15th Scottish and 51st Highland Divs. (1943-45), GOC Palestine (1947-48), C in C, Scottish Commd. and Gov. of Edinburgh Castle (1949-52) and Governor and C in C Gibraltar (1952-55).

MacMILLAN, Harold Earl MacMillan of Stockton (1894-1986), born in London, son of Daniel MacMillan, an Arran Crofter. Prime Minister of Gt. Britain (1957-63). The standard of living rose at a greater rate during his administration than at any other time in British history. Known as 'Super Mac' he is also remembered for his 'Wind of Change' warning on Africa in 1960.

MacMILLAN, Kenneth (1929-) Scottish choreographer and dancer. Director of the Royal Ballet (1970-77).

MacMILLAN, Kirkpatrick (1813-78) of Courthill, Dumfriesshire. Blacksmith. Invented the first bicycle to be propelled by cranks and pedals, about 1840. He was known locally as 'Daft Pate', and was an unofficial dentist who pulled teeth from both horses and men. A replica of his cycle can be seen in the Science Museum, South Kensington. He was fined 5/- (the first recorded fine for a cycle offence) for knocking over a child.

MacMILLAN, Margaret (1860-1931), born at Westchester, New York State of Scottish parents. Pioneer social worker and educationist. In 1923 she became the first president of the Nursery School Assoc., and in 1930 the Rachel MacMillan College was opened. It is now a constituent of the University of London Institute of Education.

MacMILLAN, Norman (1892-) of Glasgow. Author and test pilot. Was pilot of the first attempt to fly around the world in 1922, First flight London to Sweden in one day. Chief test pilot, Fairy Aviation Co. (1929-30) and Armstrong Siddeley Development Co. (1931-32). Produced many publications on flying.

MacMILLAN, Rachel (1859-1917) sister of Margaret MacMillan. Educationist. The Rachel MacMillan Training College bears her name.

MacMILLAN, Roddie (-d.1979) of Anderston, Glasgow. Actor on screen and TV. Probably best remembered for his parts in TV's Para Handy and The View from Daniel Pyke.

MacMURRAY, John (1891-) of Maxwellton. Scholar and lecturer on philosophy, Univ. of Manchester (1919), Professor at Univ. of Wit-watersrand, Johannesburg, and Professor of the Philosophy of Mind and Logic at the Univ. of London (1928-44).

MACNAB
The son of Nab, which signifies the top of the mountain.

The Clan MacNab, a branch of the great Siol Alpine, are of ecclesiastical origin, being termed in Gaelic Clann-an-Aba (children of the Abbot), and claim descent from the abbots of Glendochart, where the clan lands were for several centuries. They were an important clan as early as the 12th century, but they joined the Mac-Dougalls in their fight against Robert the Bruce.

After Bannockburn the MacNabs lost all their possessions except the Barony of Bovain, in Glendochart, which was confirmed to them by a charter from David II to Gilbert Macnab in 1336. Finlay, 4th chief, added considerably to the family estates towards the end of the 15th century. In 1552, Finlay, 6th chief, mortgaged the most of his lands to Campbell of Glenorchy, but the clan refused to acknowledge the superiority of Glenorchy. In 1606, Finlay, 7th chief, entered into the famous bond of friendship with his cousin, Lachlan MacKinnon of Strathardle, which is often quoted as proof of the common descent of the two clans.

The MacNabs under their chief, " Smooth John," supported the Stuarts during the Civil Wars, and served under Montrose, and the chief was later killed at the Battle of Worcester. In the Rising of 1745 the chief sided with the Government, but the clan supported Prince Charles Edward. Francis, 12th and last chief in the direct male line, was a noted character in his time, and the subject of Raeburn's famous portrait. He died in 1860.

Archibald C. MacNab, 22nd Chief, repurchased the MacNab lands in 1949.

MacNAB of MacNAB, Archibald C. (1886-1970). Commissioner at Rawalpindi (1934), Administrator, Jahore (1937), Commissioner, Jullundur (1940) and Financial Commissioner, Punjab (1945).

McNAIR, James Jamieson (1917-). Air Vice-Marshal (Ret.). Principal Medical Officer, HQ Support Commd. RAF (1974-77). Was Director of Health and Research, MOD (1971-74).

McNAUGHT, John (1813-81) of Paisley. Engineer and inventor of the compound steam engine.

The progenitor of this ancient clan is alleged to be Nachtan Mor who lived about the 10th century. The clan is supposed to be one of those transferred from the province of Moray to the crown lands in Strathtay by Malcolm IV. About a century later they possessed lands bordering on Loch Awe and Loch Fyne, and in 1267 Gilchrist MacNaughtan and his heirs were appointed by Alexander III keepers of the Castle of Fraoch Eilean in Loch Awe. The MacNaughtans also held the castles of Dubh-Loch in Glen Shira, and Dunderave on Loch Fyne.

Donald MacNaughtan opposed Bruce and lost most of his possessions, but in the reign of David II the fortunes of the MacNaughtans were somewhat restored by the grant of lands in Lewis. Alexander, chief of the clan, who was knighted by James IV, was killed at the Battle of Flodden in 1513. The MacNaughtans remained loyal to the Stuarts and after the Restoration the chief, Alexander, was knighted by Charles II. His son John fought at Killiecrankie in 1698. The estates passed out of the family about 1691, having been forfeited to the crown.

At a meeting of the clan held in 1878 it was resolved that Sir Francis E. MacNaughten of Dunderawe, Bushmills, Ireland, was the lineal descendant of the family of the chief through Shane Dubh, the grandson of Sir Alexander MacNaughtan who fell at Flodden, and who
went to Ireland in 1580.

McNEE, Sir David ((1925-) of Glasgow. Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police (1977-82). He was made a Freeman of the City of London in 1977.

MACNEIL
The son of Neil. The family are descended from Auradan, son of Gillebride, King of the Isles in the twelfth century.

MacNEIL of BARRA (Robert Lister) (1889-1970). Chairman of Inven-tions Board, British Purchasing Commission, USA and founder of American Committee for Defence of British Homes (1939-45). Boston Univ. Resident Architect (1949-51).

There were two main branches of the Clan MacNeill, the MacNeills of Barra and the MacNeills of Gigha, but the former is now recognised as the chief. Neil Og is recorded to have received lands in Kintyre from Robert the Bruce. The clan were vassals of the Lords of the Isles, and in 1427 Gilleonan received from his overlord a charter of Barra and the lands of Boisdale in South Uist, which
charter was confirmed in 1495 by James IV after the forfeiture of the lands of the Lords of the Isles.

The MacNeills of Barra subsequently supported the MacLeans of Duart, while the MacNeills of Gigha followed the MacDonalds of Isla. The Barra MacNeills were prominently concerned in the actions of the MacLeans for the next two centuries, and in the feuds of the
MacLeans and the MacDonalds the two branches of the MacNeills were found often fighting on opposing sides.

General Roderick MacNeill of Barra, last of the direct line, had to part with the island, which he sold in 1838. He died in England in 1863. Robert L. MacNeill of Barra re-acquired parts of the island in 1938 and has restored Kisimul Castle.

When Neil, the last chief of the MacNeills of Gigha, was killed in 1530, the chiefship passed to the MacNeills of Taynish, and in 1590 Hector of Taynish repurchased Gigha, which had been sold in 1554. In 1780 Gigha was sold to the MacNeills of Colonsay, who had obtained Colonsay from the Duke of Argyll in 1700 in exchange for the lands of Crerar. Colonsay remained with the MacNeill family until the death of Sir James C. MacNeill, V.C., in 1904, when it was sold to Lord Strathcona.

McNEILL, Alister A. C. (1884-) of Glasgow. Major-General (1941). Hon. Surgeon to the King (1935-43). McNEILL, Florence M. of Orkney. Author, journalist, lecturer and broadcaster.

McNEILL, Sir James, Chief designer of RMSs Queen Mary and Queen Elizabeth for John Brown of Clydebank.

Clan MacNicol. In the old Statistical Account, the Rev. William MacKenzie, in his description of the parish of Assynt, writes: " Tradition and even documents declare that it was a forest of the ancient Thanes of Sutherland. One of these Prince Thanes gave it in vassalage to one
Mackrycul, who in ancient times held the coast of Coygach, that part of it at the place presently called Ullapool." Mackrycul has been identified as the Gregall mentioned in the genealogy of the MacNicols in the MS. of 1450, and on the marriage of Torquil MacLeod
to the daughter of the last of the MacNicol chiefs, the lands of Assynt passed to the MacLeods.

When Assynt passed to MacLeod, the Clan MacNicol appear to have emigrated to Skye, where the MacLeods had extensive possessions, and the lands of Scorrybreck near Portree were in possession of MacNicols or Nicolsons for several centuries. The clan played an important part in the history of Skye and from time to time their names appear in local records. The Rev. Donald Nicolson, who was chief of the Scorrybreck family at the end of the 17th century, was minister of Troternish for over thirty years. He was a strong Episcopalian, and resigned his charge in 1696 only because of his opposition to Presbyterianism which had become the established
church. Norman, the last chief of Scorrybreck, emigrated to New Zealand.

There was also a strong branch of the MacNicols resident in Argyllshire.

MACONOCHIE
Sir Neil Campbell of Lochow married a daughter of Sir John Cameron of Lochiel, and was father of Duncan Campbell of Inverawe in Argyleshire, temp. David II, whose son Dougal Campbell, was father of Duncan Campbell, who was called in Celtic MacDowill Vic Con-achie. The surname of MacConachie was thus adopted by the Inverawe family, although the cadets still used that of Campbell.

MacPhails traditionally came from Lochaber in early fourteenth century. They are on record with Mackintoshes in 1481. Inverernie was in the family from mid sixteenth century until it was sold about 1763.

McPETRIE, James Stewart (1902-) of Aberdeenshire. Director-General of Electronics Research and Development at Min. of Aviation (1958-62). Director, Racal Electronics (1965-69)

MACPHERSON
The son of Pherson. The family are descended from Gille Chattan More, Chief of Clan Chattan, temp. Malcolm Canmore.

Macpherson is a name of ecclesiastical origin. The clan formed a branch of the Clan Chattan Confederation, and disputed with the Mackintoshes the leadership of that great confederation.

There seems to have been several families of Macphersons, but the family of Cluny emerged as the most important. The Macphersons are mentioned in the roll of broken clans in the Act of Parliament of 1594, they are not in the Act of 1587. Andrew is in Cluny in 1603,
and in 1609 he signed the Clan Chattan Bond, taking the burden of the Brin, and other families of the Macphersons. In 1640 Donald Macpherson of Cluny was a faithful Royalist. In 1715 the Macphersons were active under their chief, Duncan, on the Stuart side, and
during the Rising of 1745 Ewen Macpherson of Cluny with 600 of the clan joined Prince Charles, and behaved with great gallantry at several engagements, but did not arrive in time to take part in the Battle of Culloden. Cluny, however, actively assisted Prince Charles to escape capture. After that disaster the house of Cluny was burned to the ground and for nine years the chief remained in hiding, chiefly on his own estate. In spite of a reward of £1000 he was never captured, and ultimately escaped to France in 1755. The Cluny estates were forfeited, but in 1784 they were restored to Duncan, son of Ewen of the '45. Cluny Castle was rebuilt but following the death of the 17th Chief the estate was sold. There is a Clan Museum at Newtonmore.

MacPHERSON, Sir David Lewis (1818-96) from Inverness-shire. Politician and Canadian Railway builder. MacPHERSON, Sir Hubert Taylor (1827-86). Major-General at Tel-el-Kebir (1882).

MacPHERSON, James (1736-96) of Ruthven, near Kingussie. Poet and translator. Appointed Surveyor-General of the Florides (1764), and in 1779, Agent to the Nabob of Arcot. Buried in the 'Poet's Corner' of Westminster Abbey.

MacPHERSON, Sir John (1745-1821) of Sleat, Isle of Skye. Appointed Governor-General of India in 1785.

McPHERSON, Sir John (1898-) of Edinburgh. Colonial servant and businessman. Governor of Nigeria (1948-54) and Gov.-General, Federation of Nigeria (1954-55). Permanent Under-Secretary, of State for the Colonies (1956-59).

MacQUARIE, Lachlan (1761-1824) of Isle ofUlva. Major-General and Governor of New South Wales, Australia (1809-21). Sometimes affectionately called the 'father of Australia'.

The Clan are one of the branches of the great Clan Alpine. When Alexander II invaded the Western Highlands in 1249 he was joined by Cormac Mor, chief of the Macquarries, but the king's death in Kerrera brought trouble to the clan. It is not until the death of John
Macquarrie of Ulva in 1473 that we find any authentic record of the clan. Twenty years later John's son, Dunslaff, was chief of the clan. The clan lands were the islands of Ulva and part of Mull, and after the forfeitureof the Lords of the Isles, the clan acquired independence.
They then followed the MacLeans of Duart, and supported Donald Dubh MacDonald in his effort to restore the Lordship of the Isles. In 1505 the Macquarries, with their powerful leaders, the MacLeans of Duart, submitted to the Government, and in 1517 Dunslaff Macquarrie was included in the petition of Laughlan MacLean of Duart for a free remission for all offences, and this was granted by the Privy Council.

The Macquarries never recovered from the blow suffered in 1651, when the chief, Allan Macquarrie, and most of the clan were killed at the Battle of Inverkeithing, and Lachlan, 16th of Ulva, who had entertained Dr. Johnson and Boswell in 1773, was forced to sell his lands
in 1778. He died in 1818, aged 103, and was the last known chief of the Macquarries.

Major-General Lachlan Macquarrie was Governor of New South Wales during the convict period, and under his wise government the colony prospered. He laid out the city of Sydney, and returned home in 1821, to the great regret of the colonists. His name is commemorated in Macquarrie Island and other place-names.

MACQUEEN
The son of Owen. The family are descended from the Macdonalds, Lords of the Isles. Early in the fifteenth century, Roderick Dhu Revan Macqueen settled in Invernesshire, where he had received from the Earls of Moray a grant of the lands of Corrybrough.

The Clan Macqueen were of West Highland or Hebridean origin and originally appear to have been associated with Clan Donald. The name is found in many forms, Cuinn, Suibne, Sweyn, MacCunn, MacSween, MacSuain and MacSwan.

In the 13th century there were MacSweens in Argyllshire at Castle Sween, and the name remained in that district in the form of Swene and Macqueen for three or four hundred years thereafter.

Macqueens, MacSwans and MacSweens are numerous in Skye and Lewis, and the Macqueens held the lands of Garafad in Skye for several centuries.

Early in the 15th century when Malcolm, tenth chief of the Mackintoshs, married Mora MacDonald of Moidart, the bride was accompanied by several of her clansmen, including Revan Macqueen, who settled in the Mackintosh country and subsequently formed septs of the Clan Chattan. Revan Macqueen fought under Mackintosh at the Battle of Harlaw in 1411.

The Macqueens settled in Strathdearn, and in the 16th century we find them in possession of the lands of Corrybrough, and figuring prominently in the district. The Clan Chattan Bond of 1609 was signed by Donald Macqueen of Corrybrough, for himself, and taking full
burden of John Macqueen in Little Corrybrough and Sween Macqueen in Raigbeg. The lands of Corrybrough passed out of the possession of the Macqueens in the 18th century.

Robert Macqueen, Lord Braxfield, the eminent lawyer, belonged to a Lanarkshire family of Macqueens. His reputation as a judge of political prisoners was not a flattering one.

MacRAE, James (c. 1674-1744) of Ochiltree, Ayrshire. Seaman who became Governor of Madras (1725-31).

The name Macrae, in Gaelic MacRath (Son of Grace), is supposed to be of ecclesiastical origin. The clan appears to have inhabited the lands of Clunes in the Beauly district in the 12th and 13th centuries, and removed to Kintail in the 14th century. The founder of the Kintail branch is said to be Fionnia Dubh MacGillechriosd who died in 1416. Duncan, 5th of Kintail, whose arrow caused the death of Donald Gorm of Sleat at Eilean Donan in 15 3 9, was granted the lands of Inverinate about 1557, and these remained in the family for over 200 years. In 1677 Alexander, eldest son of Rev. John Macrae of Dingwall, received a wadset of the lands of Conchra and Ardachy, and became the progenitor of the Macraes of Conchra.

The Macraes were loyal followers of the MacKenzies, Lord of Kintail and Earls of Seaforth, and the MacKenzies owed not a little of their importance to the help of the Macraes. At various dates Macraes were Constables of Eilean Donan Castle, Chamberlains of Kintail, and Vicars of Kintail. Rev. Farquhar Macrae who was born at Eilan Donan in 1580 was a man of considerable influence and importance, and his grandson, Donnachadh nam Pios (Duncan of the silver cups), was the compiler of the famous Fernaig Manuscript, 1688-93. It contains Gaelic poems by himself and other Gaelic poets, and forms an important contribution to Gaelic literature.

The Macraes took a prominent part in the Civil Wars and were conspicuous for their bravery at Sheriffmuir. They were not out as a clan in the '45, but many individuals took part in the Rising.

McROBERT, Sir George R. (1895-) of Aberdeen. Consulting physician, Hosp. for Tropical Diseases, London Univ. Coll. Hospital.

MACRORIE
The son of Roderick. The family are descended from Roderick, grandson of Somerled, Thane of Argyll.

MACTAGGART
The son of the priest.

MacTAGGART, Sir George R. (1895-) of Ayrshire. Civil engineer. Was responsible for the construction of hydroelectric developments in Italy, India and East Africa, and the construction of large irrigation and railway works in Iraq.

McTAGGART, William (1835-1910) of Machrihanish. Artist and landscape painter. MacTAGGART, Sir William (1903-81). Grandson of William McTaggart. Artist. President of RSA (1959-).

MacThomas, a Gaelic-speaking Highlander, known as Tomaidh Mor ('Great Tommy') was a descendant of the Clan Chattan Mackintoshes. He lived in the fifteenth century at a time when the Clan Chattan Federation had become large and unmanageable, so he took his kinsmen
and followers across the Grampians from Badenoch to Glenshee. lain Mor, 7th Chief, joined Montrose at Dundee in 1644. The Clan scattered after his death.

McVEY, Sir Daniel (1892-) of Falkirk. Sometime chairman, Dunlop Rubber Australia Ltd., and British Aircraft Corp. (Australia) Ltd., and several other companies.

McVITTIE, George C. (1904-), educated Edinburgh and Cambridge. Professor of Astronomy, Univ. of Illinois (1952-). Sec. American Astronomical Society (1961-). Published several books on cosmology.

McWHIRTER, Norris Dewar (1925-). Author, publisher and broadcaster. Director, Guinness Superlatives Ltd. since 1954; (Managing Director 1954-56).

McWHIRTER, Robert (1904-) of Glasgow ? Professor of Medical Radiology. Lecturer, American Roentgen Ray Society (1963).

MAIN, Alexander, a Scot who in 1839 invented a soot distributing machine which became the first mechanical means of distributing dry fertiliser.

MAIR, William (1830-1920) of Aberdeenshire. Divine and writer. A pioneer in church reunion.

MAIR, George B. (1914-) of Mauchline, Ayrshire. Surgeon and author. His admission that he had practised euthanasia caused a sensation when his book Confessions of a Surgeon appeared in 1974.

MAITLAND
Meadow land. The family are descended from Thomas- de Matulant, temp. William the Lion. A lowland family who rose to be Dukes of Lauderdale and played major roles in Scottish affairs for generations.

Maitland, Alastair G. (1916-). Director-General of Trade Develop-ment, British Consulate, New York (1968-).

Maitland, Donald J. Dundas (1922-) of Edinburgh. Ambassador to Libya (1969-70), Chief of Downing St. Press Office (1970-73) and British representative on UN Security Council (1973-).

Maitland, Sir Richard (1496-1586) of Lethington. Poet, lawyer and historian. His poetic works consisted mostly of laments for the State of Scotland, the feuds of the nobles and the discontents of the common people. Was made Lord Privy Seal in 1562.

MALCOLM, Sir John (1769-1833) of Burnfoot, Langholm. General, administrator, diplomat and writer. Envoy to Persia (1800, 1807 and 1810). Governor of Bombay (1826-30). He wrote Political History of India (1811), History of Persia (1818) and Administration of India (1833). Buried in Westminster Abbey.

The equivalent of the name Malcolm in Gaelic is Calum, consequently we find the names used indiscriminately in older records, and facts relating to the Malcolms and the MacCallums may be considered as referring to the same clan in the Highlands. There is a genealogy of the Clan Malcolm in the Gaelic MS. of 1450.

Sir Duncan Campbell, of Lochow, granted lands in Craignish and on the banks of Loch Avich to Reginald MacCallum of Corbarron in 1414, with the office of hereditary constable of the castles of Lochaffy and Craignish. Corbarron was bequeathed by the last of the
family to Zachary MacCallum of Poltalloch. The MacCallums were in Poltalloch previous to 1562, and Dugald MacCallum of Poltalloch, who succeeded to the estate in 1779, is said to be the first to adopt the name Malcolm permanently. Dugald Malcolm of Poltalloch was succeeded by his cousin Neil Malcolm in 1778 and died in 1802.

John W. Malcolm, of Poltalloch, was created Lord Malcolm in 1896. He died in 1902.

The name Malcolm is found in Stirlingshire and Dunbartonshire as early as the 14th century.

In 1665 Charles II conferred a baronetcy of Nova Scotia on John Malcolm of Balbeadie and Grange, Fifeshire. This family also acquired the lands of Lochore and, later, lands in Dumfriesshire.

MANSON, George (1850-76) of Edinburgh. Painter and wood engraver. MANSON, Sir Patrick (1844-1922) of Oldmeldrum. Known as the father of tropical medicine. The first, jointly with Sir Ronald Ross, to discover that parasites were transmitted by insects. He was sometimes known as 'Mosquito Manson'.

MAR, John Erskine, llth Earl of (1675-1756). Scottish Jacobite famed as the leader of the 1715 rebellion.

MARGARET, Saint (1045-93). Scottish saint and Queen. Married Malcolm III in 1070. Deeply religious she influenced her husband to reform abuses in the church.

MARJORIBANKS
Margery's banks. The name was given to certain lands from their early owner, Margery, daughter of Robert Bruce. The family are descended from the Johnstons, whose arms they bear.

MAN
A servant, a vassal. The family are descended from Sir Walter Maign, temp. David Bruce.

Marjoriebanks. Walter, High Steward of Scotland, married Marjorie, only daughter of Robert Bruce and the Barony of Ratho was granted by the king to his daughter. These lands were denominated 'Terrae de Rath Marjorie banks', hence the name which was acquired by a family of the name of Johnstone.

MARR
Local: from the district of Mar in Aberdeenshire.

MARSHALL, William Calder (1813-94) of Edinburgh. Sculptor (RA 1852). Famed for busts and memorial statues, including the group Agriculture on the Albert Memorial.

MARTELL, Lena (1959-) of Glasgow. Popular singer who has appeared in all the best clubs in Britain. She has also appeared in the London Palladium, London's Festival Hall, and in Hong Kong, South Africa, Australia and Canada. Lena Martell has written more than 30 songs.

MARTIN, Martin (?-d.l719) of Skye. Author and traveller. His book A Description of the Western Isles aroused Dr Johnson's interest in Scotland.

MARTIN, Sir Theodore (1816-1909) of Edinburgh. Lawyer and author. Became a parliamentary solicitor in London. Was requisitioned by Queen Victoria to write the Life of the Prince Consort (5 vols. 1875-80).

MARY, QUEEN of SCOTS (1542-87). Queen of Scotland and Queen-Consort of France. Mary was a Queen before she was a week old. She was beheaded in 1587 after Elizabeth I of England signed her death warrant.

MASSON, David (1822-1907) of Aberdeen. Scholar and literary critic. The biographer of Milton. His Life of John Milton (6 vols. 1859-80) has been described as the most complete biography of any Englishman.

The Gaelic MS. of 1450 derives the Clan MacMathan, or Matheson, from the same source as the MacKenzies, and as the chief of the Mathesons is reported in 1427 to have had 2000 men, the Clan Matheson was then as powerful as the more famous MacKenzies. The clan was divided into two main branches, those of Lochalsh and those of Shiness in Sutherland. Of the former was John Dubh Matheson, who was Constable of Eilean Donan Castle when Donald Gorm of Slear attacked it in 1539. Donald Gorm was killed by an arrow of the defenders and John Dubh by an arrow of the besiegers. From John Dubh's son, Murchadh Buidhe, of Fernaig and Balmacarra, are descended the families of Bennetsfield, Iomaire and Glas-na-Muclach. The Mathesons of Sutherland were an offshoot from the Lochalsh family and are mentioned in the 15th century. They are represented by the Mathesons of Shiness, Achany and the Lews.

John Matheson of the Lochalsh family purchased Attadale in 1730. John, 4th of Attadale, married Margaret, daughter of Donald Matheson, of Shiness, and their son Alexander, born in 1805, was the first baronet of Lochalsh. Sir Alexander made a large fortune in the East, and on his return he purchased estates in Ross-shire extending to over 220,000 acres at a total cost
of £773,020, and spent £300,000 in land improvement and building.

James Sutherland Matheson, of the Shiness family, born in 1796, was one of the founders of the firm of Jardine, Matheson & Co. He purchased the island of Lewis in 1844 and was created a Baronet in 1851 for his munificence to the people of Lewis during the famine of 1845-46.

MATTHEW, Sir Robert Hogg (1906-75) of Edinburgh. Architect. From 1946 to 1953 he was architect to the London County Council. Was joint designer of the Royal Festival Hall (1951). His buildings incl. New Zealand House (1958-63) and the Commonwealth Institute (1959-62).

MATTHEWS, James (1889-) of Perthshire. Professor of Botany, Univ. of Reading (1929-34), Univ. of Aberdeen and Keeper of Cruickshank Botanic Gardens (1934-59).

MATTHISON. The son of Matthew. The family are de-scended from Matthew, son of Kenneth ancestor of the Mackenzies.

Mathieson. The name means 'Son of the Bear'. The clan is an early offshoot of the Celtic earls of Ross and is said to have come from Lochalsh. There were two major branches, Lochalsh and Shinness, in Sutherland. From the former descend the Mathesons of Attadale and Ardross.
The Mathesons were involved in the sixteenth century with other clans who settled in Lochalsh, in particular the Macdonells of Glengarry and the Mackenzies of Kintail.

MAULE
Local: from the town of Maule in France. Gaurin de Maule came into England with William the Conqueror; his descendant, William de Maule, settled in Scotland, temp. David I, where he received a grant of the lordship of Foulis, in which he was succeeded by his nephew, Sir Richard de Maule, who was the ancestor of the Scottish family of Maule.

MAXTON, James (1885-1946) of Glasgow. Politician. Chairman, Independent Labour Party (1926).

MAXWELL
Local: from the lands of Macchuswell, now Maxwell, in Dumfriesshire. The family are descended from Herbert de Macchuswell, temp. Malcolm IV.

Sir John Maxwell, Chamberlain of Scotland about 1231-1233, died in 1241 and was succeeded by his brother Sir Aymer. This Sir Aymer had two sons, Herbert and John, from whom have descended many prominent Maxwell families.

Herbert Maxwell, descendent of the above Herbert, was created Lord Maxwell about 1445, and was succeeded by his son Sir Robert and, from his son. Sir Edward, descend the Maxwells of Monreith. John, 3rd Lord Maxwell, was killed at Flodden in 1513. In 1581 John, Lord Maxwell, was created Earl of Morton, but this honour was later taken from him. He was killed in a fray with the Johnstons in 1592 and his son, in 1608, in revenge for his father's death slew Sir James Johnston. He escaped arrest but later returned to Scotland and was executed in 1613. His brother. Sir Robert, who succeeded him was created Earl of Nithsdale circa 1620. The 2nd Earl supported Montrose in 1644 and he was succeeded in 1667 by his cousin John, 4th Lord Herries. The 5th Earl joined in the Jacobite Rising of 1715, was captured at Preston and sentenced to death for high treason. Aided by his wife he escaped from the Tower of London and died in Rome in 1744. His daughter married William Haggerston-Cnstable and their grandson, William Constable-Maxwell, proved his claim to the Lordship of Herries in 1858. His son, who succeeded him, died in 1908 when the Scottish Barony devolved upon his daughter the Duchess of Norfolk. William Maxwell of Carruchan, established, in Lyon Court, his claim as heir male of the Maxwells.

Among the prominent Maxwell families are those of Pollock, Cardoness, Monreith and Farnham. Caerlaveroch Castle was the seat of the Maxwells.

Maxwell, Sir Aymer (1891-) of Kirkcudbrightshire. Major-General (ret. 1944). Chairman, British Legion, Scotland (1954-58). Member of the Queen's Bodyguard for Scotland (the Royal Company of Archers).

Maxwell, James Clerk (sometimes Clerk-Maxwell) (1831-79) of Galloway. Physicist. First Professor of Experimental Physics at Cambridge (1871). He first forecast the possibility of radio transmission (1865), invented automatic control system (1868) and was creator of the electromagnetic theory of light. Described as the father of modern science, he was one of Scotland's greatest sons.

Maxwell, Robert, Lord (c.1493-1546) of Edinburgh. Statesman and member of the Royal Council under James V. He was also an extraordinary Lord of Session in 1533 and one of the Regents in 1536.

Maxwell, Sir William G. C. (1882-1965) son of George Maxwell of New Galloway. Rear Admiral (1934). Recalled as Flag Officer, Tyne Area (1939-46).

MAY
Good, pleasant.

MEIKE, David E.C. (1902-) of Edinburgh. Professor of Clinical Surgery, Univ. of Malaya (1935-55). Surgeon, Singapore General Hosp. and Hon. Surgical Consultant, Far East Command.

MEIKLE, Andrew (1719-1811) from near Dunbar. A prolific inventor. Fantail gear (1750) and governing sails for windmills (1772), Grain dressing machine (1768) and a Drum threshing machine (1784) were only four of his inventions.

MELLIS
Sweet.

MELVILLE
Local: from the lands of Melvil in Mid Lo thian. The family are descended from Galfridus de Melville, 1165.

Melville, Andrew (1545-1622) of Montrose. Presbyterian theologian and religious reformer. Was Professor of Humanity at Geneva Academy (1568-74). He was repeatedly Moderator of the Church Assembly of the Church of Scotland. He helped to bring about the fall of episcopacy in Scotland.

Melville, Archibald (1912-) of Edinburgh. Was appointed Director of Agriculture, Kenya in 1960.

Melville, Sir Harry (1908-) of Edinburgh. Appointed Secretary to the Committee of the Privy Council for Scientific and Industrial Research in 1956. Member, Governing Board of National Institute for Research in Nuclear Science (1957-).

Melville, Herman (1819-91), New York son of a Scottish merchant. Novelist and poet. Remembered for his famous Moby Dick (1851), which came to be regarded as one of the greatest novels of American literature.

Melville, Sir James (c. 1535-1617) of Hallhill, Fife. Historical writer and diplomat. A member of the household of Mary, Queen of Scots, he carried out various missions for her.

Melville, James (1556-1614) of Montrose. Reformer, tutor and professor of oriental languages.

Melville, Thomas (1726-53) of Glasgow. Scientist. Was the first (1752) to study the spectra of luminous gases.

MENZIES
Originally Meyners, and derived from the English family of Manners. The Scottish branch are descended from Robert de Meyners, temp. Alexander II.

The name is found in various forms, Menzies, Mengues, Mingies, and Meyners. It appears in charters in the 12th and 13th centuries, and in 1249 Robert de Menyers was Lord High Chamberlain. His son, Alexander, possessed the lands of Durisdeer—an indication of Anglo-Norman origin of the family, Weem, Aberfeldy and Glendochart, which passed to his son Robert, while his lands in Fortingall passed to his son Thomas. The last mentioned lands passed to the Stewarts through marriage.

At Bannockburn the Menzies supported Bruce, who granted several charters of lands to members of the clan. David Menzies was appointed Governor of Orkney and Shetland in 1423 under the King of Norway. In 1487 Sir Robert de Mengues received a grant of land erected into the Barony of Menzies. A century later the " Menyessis, in Athoill and Apnadull" appear in the Roll of the Clans, 1587. Sir Alexander Menzies of Castle Menzies was created a Baronet of Nova Scotia in 1665, and the baronetcy continued, until the death of Sir Neil, 8th Baronet, in 1910.

A distinguished branch of the clan was the Menzieses of Pitfoddels. At the Battle of Invercarron in 1650 young Menzies of Pitfoddels carried the Royal Standard. This branch is now extinct. The last Chieftan of the Pitfoddels branch founded the Roman Catholic College of Blairs.

Menzies of Culdares is said to have introduced the first larches into Scotland from the Tyrol in 1738. Two of the original trees are still to be seen in the grounds of the Duke of Atholl.

Menzies, Andrew. Was the inventor of horse and manpowered coal cutting machines in 1863.

Menzies, Sir Laurence J. (1906-) of Cupar Angus. In 1957 he was appointed Adviser to the Governors of the Bank of England.

Menzies, Michael (d.1766) of East Lothian. Advocate and inventor. Was the first to suggest thrashing grain with a machine. He invented the first mechanical thrasher in 1734. A water-powered machine driving a number of whirling flails. In 1750 he invented a machine for conveying coal from the coal face to the bottom of the pit shaft.

Menzies, Sir Robert (1891-1967) of Edinburgh. President Upper India Chamber of Commerce (1939-41 and 1944-45), Chairman, Federation of Woollen Manufacturers in India (1941-47) and other companies.

Menzies, Sir Robert Gordon (1897-1969) of Japarit, Australia, of Scottish descent. Prime Minister of Australia (1939-41 and 1949-66).

Menzies, Thomas (1893-1969) of Aberdeenshire. Professor of Tropical Medicine, Royal Army Medical Coll. (1940). Major-General (1949). Served in RAMC in 1914-18 and 1939-45 wars. Director of Medical Services, GHQ MELF (1948-50). Hon. Physician to the King (1949-52).

MERCER, Sir Walter (1890-) of Midlothian. Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery and Fellow, Royal Soc. of Medicine and Assoc. of Surgeons, Gt. Britain and Ireland.

MICHIE, Charles W. (1907-) of Aberdeenshire. Permanent Sec. to N.Region, Min. of Agriculture in Nigeria (1957-60). Consul for Spanish Territories of Gulf of Guinea, and Labour Officer, Nigerian Dept. of Labour (1940- 42).

MICKLE, William Julius (1735-88) of Langholm. Poet. Best remembered for 'There's nae Luck Aboot the Hoose'.

MILL, James (1773-1836) from near Montrose. Philosopher, editor, and writer. Wrote History of British India (1817-18). Appointed Asst. Examiner in Charge of the Revenue Dept. of the East India Co. (1819) and in 1832 head of the Examiner's Office where he had control of all the departments of Indian administration.

MILL IRVING, David J. (1904-) of Edinburgh. Ambassador to Costa Rica (1956-61). Special Ambassador for the inauguration of the Presi-dent of Honduras (1957) and of Costa Rica (1958).

MILLAR, Betsy (1793-1864) of Saltcoats, Ayrshire. First woman ever to be registered at Lloyd's as a ship's captain.

MILLAR, Patrick (1731-1815) from near Dumfries. Inventor and projector of steam navigation.

MILLAR of ORTON, Robert Kirkpatrick (1901-) of Morayshire. Major-General, Commanded Royal Engineers 15th (Scottish) Div. (1942-43) in France and Germany. Chief Engineer, London District (1949-51), Scottish Commd. (1951-53) Engineer in Chief, Pakistan Army (1953-57).

MILLER, Hugh (1802-56) of Cromarty. Stonemason and geologist, writer and editor. Old Red Sandstone (1841) is considered his best geological work.

MILLER, Sir James (1905-1977) of Edinburgh. Architect. Lord Provost of Edinburgh (1951-54) and Lord Mayor of London (1964-65).

MILLER, James (1812-64) of Eassie, Forfarshire. Surgeon. Professor of Surgery at Edinburgh Univ. (1842-64). One of the foremost surgeons of his day.

MILLER, Maxwell of Glasgow. In 1850 he invented an improved still for distilling and rectifying spirits.

MILLER, William (1810-72) of Glasgow. Poet best remembered for his poem 'Wee Willie Winkie'. He was called the 'Laureate of the nursery'.

MILLER, William (1838-1923) of Thurso. Missionary to India. Founder of Madras Christian College.

MILN, James (1819-81). Antiquary. Made excavations at a Roman site at Carnac, Brittany (1872-80). Miln Museum, Carnac contains the collection.

MILNE
A mill.

Milne, Alasdair (1930-) born in India, son of an Aberdeen surgeon. Director-General of the BBC (1982-87) Controller BBC Scotland (1968-72), Director of programmes BBC TV (1973-77) and Managing Director BBC TV (1977-82).

Milne, Alexander (1891-) of Skene, Aberdeenshire. Engineer, en-gaged from 1927 on opening up and development of Cochin Harbour, S.India. Chief Engineer Cochin Harbour (1941-48).

Milne, Sir David (1763-1845) of Edinburgh. Admiral, known as 'The Hero of Algiers'. Was C in C Plymouth (1842-45).

Milne, William (1785-1822) of Kinnethmont, Aberdeenshire. Missionary in China.

Milne, William (1815-63) son of the above William. Was also a missionary in China.

Milne, William P. (1881-1967) of Longside, Aberdeenshire. Was Professor of Mathematics at the Univ. of Leeds (1919-46).

Milne HENDERSON, Thomas M. S. (1888-1968) of Edinburgh. Sur-veyor in charge of Marine Survey of India (1930-35). Appointed Capt. Supt., HM Indian Naval Dockyard, Bombay and Chief of Staff RIN in 1937.

MINTO, Gilbert Elliot, 1st Earl of (1751-1814) of Edinburgh. Governor-General of India (1807-13), a post he held with great ability.

MINTO, Gilbert John Elliot, 4th Earl of (1845-1914). Soldier and administrator. He was Governor-General of Canada (1898-1904) and Viceroy of India (1905-10).

MINTO, William (1845-93) of Alford, Aberdeenshire. Critic and biographer. Went to London and became editor of The Examiner. He also wrote for the Daily News and Pall Mall Gazette.

MITCHELL
Great.

Mitchell, Arthur J. (1893-1967) of Montrose. Civil Engineer, Director, Colonial Development Corp. (1949-51). Regional Controller, CDC for Central Africa and the High Commission Territories (1951-53).

Mitchell, Sir Peter Chalmers (1864-1945) of Dunfermline. Biologist, Zoologist and writer. Sec. of the Zoological Soc. of London (1903-35). His publications incl. Outlines of Biology (1894), The Nature of Man (1903) and The Childhood of Animals (1912).

Mitchell, Sir Thomas Livingstone (1792-1855) of Craigend, Stir-lingshire. Explorer and surveyor. Surveyor-General of New South Wales (1828-). In four expeditions (1831, 1835, 1845 and 1847) he did much to explore eastern and tropical Australia.

MITCHISON, Naomi M., of Edinburgh. Novelist. The Conquered (1923), When the Bough Breaks (1924) and Cloud Cuckoo Land are three of her best works.

MOFFAT
Local: from the town of Moffat in Dumfries-shire. The family dates back to the time of Sir William Wallace.

Moffat, James (1890-1944) of Glasgow. Theologian. Held professor-ships at Mansfield Coll., Oxford (1911-14), the U.F. Church Coll., Glasgow (1914-27) and the Union Theological Seminary, New York (1927-39). He translated the Bible into modern English.

Moffat, Robert (1795-1883) of Ormiston, E.Lothian. Missionary and explorer in Africa. He printed both New (1840) and Old (1857) Testaments in Sechwana language. David Livingstone married his daughter.

MOIR, John C. (1900-) of Montrose. Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at the Univ. of Oxford (1937-). Was visiting professor, Queen's Univ., Ontario (1950).

MOLESWORTH, Mary Louisa (1839-1921), born at Rotterdam of Scottish descent, her maiden name being Stewart. Novelist and writer of children's books. The Carved Lion (1895) considered by many to have been her best. In all she wrote over a hundred books.

MOLLISON, James Allan (1905-59) of Glasgow. Airman. Won fame for his record flight, Australia to England in 1931. Made the first solo East-West crossing of the North Atlantic in 1932, and in 1933 the first England to South America flight.

MONBODDO, (James Burnett) Lord (1714-99) of Kincardinshire. Judge, philosopher and philologist. Wrote An Essay on the Origin and Progress of Language (6 vols. 1773-92) and Ancient Metaphysics (6 vols. 1779-99). He argued man's affinity to the orangoutang, and this in a way anticipated Darwin's theory.

MONCRIEF
Local: from the barony of Moncrief in Perthshire. The family are descended from Ramerus de Moncrief, 1107.

Moncrieff, Sir Alexander (1829-1906) of Perthshire. Soldier and inventor. In 1868 he invented and developed the 'Moncrieff pit, or disappearing system'. A method of mounting heavy guns in coastal batteries. The gun disappearing after firing and reappearing when required through the use of stored recoil energy.

MONRO
The family are descended from George Monro of Fowlis, temp. Alexander II.

Monro, Alexander (1), (1697-1767) Scottish anatomist. One of the founders of the Edinburgh Infirmary. MONRO, Alexander (2), (1733-1817) of Edinburgh, son of (1). Anatomist. His most important work was his Observations on the Structure and Function of the Nervous System (1783). He wrote on the physiology of fish (1785) and on the brain, eye, and ear (1797). Was the first (1767) to describe the use of a stomach tube.

Monro, Alexander (3), (1773-1859) son of (2). Anatomist, succeeded his father. Wrote on hernia, the stomach and human anatomy. Elected FRS of Edinburgh.

MONTEITH
Local: from the district of Monteith. Walter, son of Walter, Lord High Steward of Scotland, married the descendant of one of the old Earls of Monteith, and became Earl of Monteith in 1263 ; his sons Alexander, Earl of Monteith and Sir John Monteith, were the an-cestors of the family.

MONTGOMERIE, Alexander (c.1556-1610) of Ayrshire. Poet. In 1577 he became one of James VII's 'Castalian Band' of court poets. His chief poem is 'The Cherrie and the Slae' (1597) which contained many beautiful passages. Montgomerie also introduced the Sonnet to Scotland.

MONTGOMERY
The name is of Norman origin. Roger de Montgomerie came into England with William the Conqueror; his son Philip de Montgomerie, who settled in Scotland, where he received a grant of the lands of Eaglesham in Renfrew-shire and died in 1140, was the ancestor of the Scottish family of Montgomery.

The Montgomerys are a lowland clan of Anglo-Norman origin. Roger de Montgomery, a Regent of Normandy, followed William the Conqueror to England where he was created Earl of Arundel. His grandson, Robert de Montgomery, came to Scotland in the train of Walter, the first high steward of Scotland in the reign of David I. Robert, who received the manor of Eaglesham, for long the principal home of the Montgomerys, witnessed the foundation charter of the monastery of Paisley in 1160.

Sir John Montgomery, 7th of Eaglesham, distinguished himself at the Battle of Otterburn in 1388 by capturing Henry Percy, called Hotspur. With Percy's ransom Montgomery built Polnoon Castle. He married Elizabeth de Eglinton, and obtained the lands of Eglinton and Ardrossan. Sir Alexander Montgomery was Governor of Kintyre and Knapdale in 1430, and some time later was created Lord Montgomery. Hugh, 3rd Lord Montgomery, was created Earl of Eglinton in 1507. Hugh, 2nd Earl, supported Queen Mary and was taken prisoner at the Battle of Langside in 1568. Hugh, 5th Earl, died without issue and the earldom passed to his cousin. Sir Alexander
Seton, who took the name and arms of Montgomery.

George Montgomery, second son of Sir Alexander, 1st Lord Montgomery, was progenitor of the Montgomerys of Skelmorlie, and in the " Roll of Landlords in the Highlands and Isles where broken men dwelt, 1587," is mentioned " The Laird of Skelmourlie, for Rauchry." This was Sir Robert Montgomery of Skelmorlie, and Rauchry appears to be the island of Rathlin. During the Plantation of Ulster at the end of the 16th century. Lady Montgomery of Eglinton set up linen and woollen manufactures in Ireland and encouraged the making of tartan there.

Montgomery, James (1771-1854) of Irvine. Poet, hymn-writer and journalist. In 1810 he published a volume of verse The West Indies appealing for the abolition of the slave trade. He started and edited the Sheffield Iris (1794-1825). 'Forever with the Lord' was his best known hymn.

Montgomery, Lucy Maud (1874-1942), born in Canada of Scottish descent. Novelist. Her first novel Anne of Green Gables (1908) was an international best seller.

MONTROSE, (James A. Graham) 7th Duke of, (1907-). Minister of Agriculture, Lands and Natural Resources in Southern Rhodesia (1964) and Minister of External Affairs and Defence, S. Rhodesia (1966-68).

MONTROSE (James Graham) 1st Marquis of (1612-50). The Great Montrose'. General and statesman. He also wrote a number of lyrics, the best known of which is 'My Dear and Only Love'. He was executed in Edinburgh.

MOODIE, Donald (-d.1861) of Melsetter, Orkney. Naval Com-mander. Was Colonial Secretary at Natal (1845-51).

MOORE
Great, tall.

Moore, John (1729-1802) of Stirling. Novelist and surgeon. Moore's Journal of a Residence in France (1793) was made use of by Carlyle.

Moore, Sir John (1761-1809) of Glasgow. General. Distinguished himself in the descent upon Corsica (1794). Served with great distinc-tion in the West Indies (1796), Ireland (1798). Holland (1799), Egypt (1801), Sicily and Sweden (1802) and Spain (1808-09).

MORAY
Vide, Murray.

Moray, (James Stuart) Earl of (1531-70). Appointed Regent of Scotland (1567) and was one of the Commissioners sent to England to conduct negotiations against Mary, Queen of Scots.

MORISON, Robert (1620-83) of Aberdeen. Botanist and physician. Sometime in charge of the gardens of the Duke of Orleans. Charles II made him one of his physicians. Morison was Botanist Royal and Professor of Botany at Oxford.

MORRISON, Alexander (1917-), educ. Edinburgh. Controller of Services, Greater London Council (1970-). Executive Director Highways and Transportation (1967-69) and other appointments in equipment control and supply.

According to tradition the Clan Morrison is said to be of Norse origin and descended from a family who were shipwrecked on the shores of the island of Lewis and saved by clinging to driftwood, and for this reason, so it is said, a badge of driftwood was chosen.

The Morrisons were one of the ancient clans of Lewis, and for a long period the Morrisons of Habost held the office of brieve or judge, and were known as Clan-na-breitheamh. Hugh Morrison was brieve during the latter half of the 16th century. He was accused by the Government of harbouring rebels, and his son John incurred the displeasure of the MacLeods for the betrayal of Torquil Dubh MacLeod who was beheaded by the MacKenzies in 1597. The Morrisons in consequence had to take refuge on the mainland, and as many as sixty families are said to have fled to Sutherland. Neill MacLeod of Lewis, who accompanied some of the " Fife Adventurers " to Edinburgh in 1600, carried with him the heads of ten or twelve of the Clan Morrison whom he had killed. Neill was pardoned for his offences.

On the abolition of the brieveship in the 17th century the Morrisons gravitated to the church and many of their number became prominent clergymen. A branch of the clan in Harris were celebrated smiths and armourers and one of this family was the famous Gaelic poet John Morrison (1790-1852). Another branch was long established in Skye.

There were Morrisons in the counties of Perth, Stirling and Dunbarton, but they had no connection with the Lewis clan.

MORRISON, Charles, of Greenock. Surgeon who in 1753 was the first projector of the Electric Telegraph. MORRISON, George (c.1704-99). Scottish General, Military Engineer and Quartermaster-General.

MORRISON, Dr G. E. (1862-1920). A scot who became known as 'Chinese Morrison' or 'Morrison of Peking'.

MORRISON, Peter (1940-) of Greenock. Lawyer and singing star. Made a name for himself on TV since 1971.

MORRISON, Robert (1782-1834) from near Jedburgh. Missionary. In 1818 he established the Anglo-Chinese College at Malacca. Completed in 1823 his great Chinese dictionary.

MORRISON, Stuart L. (1922-) of Glasgow. Professor of Social Medicine. Member of scientific staff, Medical Research Council, Social Research Unit (1956-62). Visiting fellow, Epidemiology and Statistics, Univ. ofN. Carolina (1961-62).

MORTIMER
The name is of Norman origin. The Scottish branch of the family are descended from Alanus de Mortimer, who in 1126, acquired the barony of Aberdour by marriage with the daughter and heiress of John de Vipont.

MORTON
Local: from the parish of Morton in Dumfriesshire.

Morton, Thomas (1781-1832). Scottish shipbuilder and inventor (about 1822) of the patent slip which provided a cheap substitute for a dry dock.

MOTHERWELL, William (1797-1835) of Glasgow. Poet and jour-nalist. His Minstrelsy Ancient and Modern (1827) was a collection of Scottish ballads with an historical introduction.

MOUNSEY Dr James of Lochmaben. Became Court physician to Catherine the Great of Russia. It was he who introduced rhubarb to Britain from Russia.

MOUNT STEVEN (George Steven) Baron (1829-1921) of Dufftown, Banffshire. Financier. Became President of the Bank of Montreal. In partnership with his cousin Donald Smith (later Lord Strathcona) he purchased the St Paul and Pacific Railway, and started the construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway, which was completed in 1885.

MOWAT
Originally De Monte Alto. The family are descended from Michael De Monto Alto, 1252. Said to have settled in Scotland in the reign of King David I. of Norman origin. They moved to the North of Orkney and Shetland.

Mowat, Sir Oliver (1820-1903) son of John Mowat a Freswick, Caithness soldier. A great advocate of the union of Canada into a dominion. Premier and Attorney-General of Ontario, Canada (1872-96) and Lieut.-Governor (1897-).

Mowat, Robert A. (1843-1925) Scotsman who became a Judge of the Court of HBM of Japan in 1891.

MUIR
Moo
r.

MUIR, Edwin (1887-1959) ofDeerness, Orkney. Poet, novelist, translator and biographer. Son of a crofter, he became Professor of Poetry at Harvard, USA. He is acknowledged as one of Scotland's most distinguished poets of the twentieth century.

MUIR, Ernest (1880-) educ. Edinburgh. Medical missionary to U.F. Church in Kalna, Bengal (1905-20), Medical Supt., Leper settlement, Chacachacare (1904-45). MUIR, John (1838-1914) of Dunbar. Naturalist, inventor, explorer and conservationist. Became known as 'Father of United States Conservation'. His inventions incl. a self-setting water powered sawmill, various locks, hygrometers, pyrometers, clocks, etc.

MUIR, John C. (1902-). Senior Agricultural Officer, Zanzibar (1935), Director of Agriculture, Zanzibar (1941), Trinidad (1944) and Tanganyika (1948).

MUIRHEAD
The head of the moor.

Muirhead, John Henry (1855-1940) of Glasgow. Philosopher. Editor of Library of Philosophy (1890) and professor at Mersey Coll., Birmingham (1897-1921).

MUNRO, Ferguson R., Viscount Novar (I860-). Governor-General of Australia (1914-18).

Easter Ross has always been the home of the Munros. It is claimed that the first Munro of Foulis was Hugh who died in 1126. About a century later George Munro of Foulis had a charter from the Earl of Sutherland. Robert, who had a charter from Bruce, led his clan at the Battle of Bannockburn. Robert, 8th of Foulis, married a niece of Euphame, daughter of the Earl of Ross and Queen of Robert II. William, 12th of Foulis, knighted by James IV, died in 1505, and Robert Mor, 15th chief, was a staunch supporter of Mary Queen of Scots. He received many favours from her son James VI.

During the 17th century the Munros engaged actively in the Continental wars, and Robert, 18th chief, joined the army of Gustavus Adolphus. He raised 700 men of his own clan for service in Sweden, and greatly distinguished himself there, where the Scots received the name of " The Invincibles." At that time there were " Three generals, eight colonels, five lieut-colonels, eleven majors and above thirty captains, all of the name of Monroe, besides a great number of subalterns."

Sir Robert Munro, 6th Bart., commanded the Black Watch at the Battle of Fontenoy in 1745, when, using their own method of fighting, alternately firing and taking cover, for the first time in a Continental battle, they introduced a system of infantry tactics that has not
been superseded. On the death of the 11th Baronet his eldest daughter became Heretrix of Clan Munro.

Sir Thomas Munro, born in Glasgow in 1761, had a distinguished career in India, and Mr. Canning speaking in the House of Commons in 1819 said of Munro," England never produced a more accomplished states-man, nor India, fertile as it is in heroes, a more skilful
soldier."

MUNRO, Sir Hector (1726-1805) of Novar. Soldier and General who distinguished himself in India. MUNRO, Hugh A.J. (1819-95) of Elgin. Classical scholar. Professor of Latin at Cambridge (1869-72). His greatest achievement was an edition of Locretius.

MUNRO, Neil (1864-1930) of Inveraray. Novelist, poet and journalist. Editor of Glasgow Evening News (1918-27). Wrote a number of historical novels incl. Doom Castle (1901) and Children of the Tempest (1903). Probably best remembered for his Para Handy series, beginning with the Vital Spark (1906).

MUNRO, Robert (1835-1920). Scottish archaeologist. His writings incl.. Lake Dwellings of Scotland (1882), Lake Dwellings of Europe (1890) Lake Dwellings of Bosnia (1896) and Prehistoric Britain (1914).

MUNRO, Sir Thomas (1761-1827) of Glasgow. Soldier and Governor. Rendered good service to General Wellesley (later Duke of Wellington). Appointed Governor of Madras in 1819, a post he held for seven years with marked success. He promoted the education of natives and championed their rights.

MUNRO, William (1900-) of Kilmarnock. Queen's Counsellor. Called to the Bar in the Straits Settlement (1927), Jehore, Singapore, and Malaya (1927-57).

MURCHISON, Sir Roderick Impey (1792-1871) of Tarradale, Ross-shire. Geologist. His establishment of the Silurian system won him European fame. In 1844 he foreshadowed the discovery of gold in Australia. Was President of the British Assoc. in 1846 and appointed Director-General of the Geographical Survey and Royal School of Mines in 1855.

MURCHLAND, William of Kilmarnock. Patented a vacuum milking machine in 1889, using a column of water to create a vacuum.

MURDOCH, Sir Walter (1874-1970) of Aberdeenshire. Chancellor of the Univ. of Western Australia (1943-47), Lecturer at the Univ. of Melbourne and leader writer in the Melbourne Argus. MURE, Sir William (1594-1657) of Rowallan, Ayrshire. Poet. Wrote The True Crucifixe for True Catholikes (1629), and a fine version of the Psalms (1639).

MURDOCK (originally Murdoch) William, (1754-1839) of Bello Mill, Old Cumnock, Ayrshire. A prolific inventor. In 1785 he invented a steam tricycle, gas lighting from coal (1796-1803), a steam cannon (1803), worm-driven cylinder-boring machine (1810) and a crown-saw boring machine. He also perfected underwater paint for ships. By trade he was a miller and millwright.

MURE
The family is of common origin with the Moors of Kent, and also with the great Irish house of Moor. The name has been written Moore, Moor, More, Muir, and Mure. The Scottish branch of the family are descended from Sir Reginald Mure, Chamberlain of Scotland in 1329.

MURRAY
A warlike tribe called the Moravii came at an early day from Germany to Scotland, and gave their name to the district now called Moray or Murray. The family name was originally de Moravia, and they are descended from Friskinus de Moravia, temp. David II.

This powerful Murray Clan had its origin in one of the ancient tribes of the Province of Moray. The clan name is found in many districts of Scotland, and the principal family is said to be descended from Freskin, who received lands in Moray from David I. His grandson, William, because of extensive possessions in Moray is described as de Moravia. He acquired the lands of Bothwell and others in the South of Scotland, and several of his sons founded other houses, including the Murrays of Tullibardine. He died in 1226 and his son. Sir Walter, was the first described as of Bothwell. Sir Walter's son, Sir William de Moravia, dominus de Bothwell, died without issue in 1293, and was succeeded by his brother. Sir Andrew, who was the celebrated patriot and staunch supporter of Sir William Wallace. His son, also Sir Andrew, with Wallace, sent the famous letter dated nth October, 1297, to the Mayors of Lubeck and of Hamburg informing them that the Scottish ports were again open for trade. He was Regent of Scotland after the death of Robert the Bruce, and died in 1338.

Sir William de Moravia acquired the lands of Tullibardine in Perthshire in 1282 through his marriage with a daughter of Malise, seneschal of Strathearn. Sir William Murray of Tullibardine, who succeeded in 1446, had seventeen sons, many of whom founded prominent families of Murray. Sir John, 12th of Tullibardine, was created Lord Murray in 1604, and Earl of Tullibardine in 1606. William, 2nd Earl of Tullibardine, claimed the Earldom of Atholl by right of his wife, but died before the patent was granted. His son, John, however, obtained the title of Earl of Atholl in 1629, and became the first Earl of the Murray branch.

John, 1st Earl of Atholl of the Murray branch, obtained conferred on his uncle. Sir Patrick Murray. Atholl was a staunch Royalist, and his son John, 2nd Earl, strongly supported Charles I. He married Lady Amelia Stanley, daughter of the Earl of Derby, through whom he acquired the lordship of the Isle of Man. In 1670 he succeeded to the Earldom of Tullibardine, and in 1676 he was created Marquis of Atholl. Disappointed at his reception by William of Orange, he joined the Jacobites. He died in 1703. John, 2nd Marquis, was created Duke of Atholl in 1703, and was a bitter opponent of the Union of 1707. He died in 1724, and was succeeded by his third son, James. John's first son predeceased him, and his second son, William, with his brothers Charles and George, were engaged in the Jacobite Risings of 1715, 1719, and 1745. Lord George who unfurled Prince Charles's standard at Glenfinnan was the brilliant Lieut.-General of the Prince's army.

James, 2nd Duke of Atholl, claimed the English barony of Strange through the line of the Earl of Derby, and as his son and eldest daughter died young, he was succeeded by his daughter Charlotte, who married her cousin, John Murray, eldest son of Lord George Murray of Jacobite fame. John Murray succeeded his uncle as 3rd Duke of Atholl and holder of many other titles of the Murray family.

Other branches of the clan include the Murrays of Polmaise, of Abercairney, of Auchtertyre, of Elibank, and many others, the Earls of Dunmore, and the Earls of Mansfield.

Murray, Alexander (1775-1813) of Kirkcudbright. Philologist who acquired a mastery of the classics. Became Minister of Urr (in 1806) and Professor of Oriental languages, Edinburgh (1812).

Murray, Charles (1864-1941) of Alford, Aberdeenshire. Poet and civil engineer. Was for some time, chief engineer and secretary for Public Works in the Union of South Africa. His poems in Aberdeen-shire dialect were locally popular.

Murray, Charles (Chic) (-1985) Thomas McKinnon, of Greenock. Comedian on stage and TV.

Murray, Colin R. B. (1892-) of Ross-shire. Deputy Director of Intelligence, Govt. of India (1938) and Inspector-General of Police, Orissa, India (1944-46).

Murray, Sir David (1849-1933) of Glasgow. Painter noted for his paintings of Scottish landscapes and Italian lakes. Elected RA 1905.

Murray, Lord George (c.1700-60). Jacobite general. Son of the Duke of Atholl. Joined the 'Young Pretender' in 1745 and was one of his generals.

Murray, Sir George (1772-1846) of Crieff. General statesman and writer. Sec. of State for the Colonies (1828-30). Was Major-General of the Ordnance till his death. Elected FRS in 1824.

Murray, Sir Horatius (1903-) General. Served with distinction in N. Africa, Sicily, Italy and France (1939-45). Commander, Commonwealth Div. in Korea (1953-54), GOC in C Scottish Commd. and Governor of Edinburgh Castle (1955-58). C in C Allied Forces, North-ern Europe (1958-61).

Murray, James (c. 1719-94) of Edinburgh. General. Became Governor of Quebec and of Minorca. Governor of Canada (1763-66).

Murray or Murray Pultney, Sir James (c. 1713-1811) of Fifeshire. (7th Baronet of Clermont). General and statesman.

Murray, James (1919-) of Isle of Arran. First Sec. (Information) British Embassy, Cairo (1949-54), Paris (1957-61). Ambassador to Rwanda and Burundi (1962-63). Consul-General, San Francisco (1970-).

Murray, Sir James Augustus Henry (1837-1915) of Denholm, nr. Hawick. Philologist and Lexicographer. The editing of the Philological Society's New English Dictionary (1879-1928) was the great work of his life.

Murray, James Dalton (1911-) of Edinburgh. Appointed British High Commissioner in Jamaica in 1965. Ambassador to Haiti (1966-).

Murray James Greig (1919-). Educated Peterhead, Aberdeen and Edinburgh. Professor of Surgery at the Univ. of London (Ret.). Produced many publications on surgery.

Murray, John (1), (1745-93) (originally McMurray) of Edinburgh. Publisher in Fleet Street, London. Published the English Review, Disraeli's Curiosities of Literature, etc.

Murray, John (2), (1778-1843), son of (1). Carried on his father's business in London. He issued the travels of Mungo Park, Belzoni, Perry, Franklin, etc.

Murray, John (3), (1808-92), son of (2). Issued the works of Livingstone, Darwin, Smiles, Smith's Dictionaries, etc.

Murray, Sir John (c. 1768-1827) 8th Baronet of Clermont. Soldier and General who distinguished himself in the Middle East.

Murray, Sir John (1841-1914), born in Canada of Scottish descent, and educated in Edinburgh. Marine biologist and oceanographer. He was one of the naturalists who made the famous voyage in the Challanger.

Murray or MORAY, Sir Robert (1600-73) of Perthshire. One of the founders of the Royal Society. Buried in Westminster Abbey.

Murray, William Parry (1892-), born in the US of Scottish parents. Physician who made a special study of anemia, and with MINOT shared the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1934.

MUTCH, James R. (1905-), educ. Aboyne and Aberdeen. Air Commodore (1954), Engineer Specialist Officer, Director ofTech. Training, Air Ministry (1956-59) (ret.) Was Senior Technical Staff Officer HQ Flying Training Command (1953-54).

MUTERER
A collector of mill toll.

MYLNE, Robert (1734-1811) of Edinburgh. Architect and engineer. Designed Blackfriars Bridge and planned the Gloucester and Berkeley Ship Canal. Elected FRS in 1767. Was surveyor of St. Paul's (1766-1811).

MYLNE, William Chadwell (1781-1863) son of Robert. Engineer, architect and surveyor. Constructed many reservoirs and bridges.

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