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Scottish Surnames, Ogg to Owen

OGG, Sir William G. (1891-) of Cults, Aberdeenshire. Director of Rothmanstead Experimental Station (1943-58). Sometime foreign member of the All-union Academy of Agricultural Science in the USSR.

OGILBY, John (1600-76) of Edinburgh. Topographer, printer and map maker. Surveyor of the gutted sites after the Great Fire of London (1666). His more important maps and atlases included Africa (1670) and Asia (1673). His road atlas of Gt. Britain was unfinished (1675)

OGILVIE, Lady Mary, daughter of the late Prof. A. Macaulay of Glasgow. Principal of St Anne's College, Oxford (1953-).

The Ogilvies take their name from Gilbert, a descendant of the ancient Earls of Angus, who was granted the barony of Ogilvie by William the Lion about 1163. The family acquired the barony of Cortachy about 1370. In 1392 Sir Walter Ogilvie of Auchterhouse was killed in a battle with the Clan Donnachaidh. His son, the Sheriff of Angus, styled Lord Ogilvie, was killed at the Battle of Harlaw in 1411. Sir Walter, son of the Sheriff, was Lord High Treasurer, and built the tower of Airlie. He acquired by marriage the barony of Lintrathen, and died in 1440. From Sir Walter, his younger son, were descended the Earls of Findlater and Seafield, and the Lords of Banff.

Sir James Ogilvie of Airlie was created Lord Ogilvie of Airlie in 1491. The Ogilvies were Royalists during the Civil Wars, and James, 1st Earl of Airlie, gave gallant service to the cause. James, 2nd Earl, taken prisoner at Philiphaugh, and sentenced to death, escaped from the castle of St. Andrews on the eve of his execution, dressed in his sister's clothes. The Ogilvies engaged actively in the Jacobite Risings of 1715 and 1745. David, 5th Lord Ogilvie, son of John, 4th Earl of Airlie, who joined Prince Charles with the Clan Ogilvie, was attainted and fled to France. Receiving a free pardon, he returned in 1783, and died in 1813. His son, Walter Ogilvie of Airlie, assumed the title of 7th Earl in 1812, but it was not restored until 1826, when his son David was confirmed in it by Act of Parliament. David, 8th Earl of Airlie, was killed at the battle of Diamond Hill, South Africa, in 1900, gallantly leading his regiment in a charge which saved the guns.

OGILVY
Local: from the Barony of Ogilvy in Forfarshire. The family are descended from Gilbert, brother of Gilchrist, Earl of Angus, who obtained from William the Lion a grant of the Barony of Ogilvy.

Ogilvy, Angus (1928-). Company Director. Married HRH Princess Alexandra of Kent. Pres., Scottish Wild Life Trust, Imperial Cancer Research Fund, Brit. Rheumatism and Arthritis Assoc., Chairman Nat. Assoc. of Youth Clubs, etc.

OGLE
Local; from the Ogle Castle in Northumber land. The family are descended from Robert Ogle of Ogle, temp. Edward III.

OLIPHANT
An elephant, they bear two elephants rampant for supporters, whence probably the name. The family are descended from Sir Walter Oliphant, who married Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Bruce.

David de Olifard, who accompanied King David I from Winchester in 1141, is said to be the progenitor of the house of Oliphant. The title of Lord Oliphant was conferred on Sir Lawrence Oliphant, a descendant of the above David de Olifard, in 1458. From Sir Lawrence's second son, William, the Oliphants of Gask were descended while his third son, George, was styled of Bachilton.

The Oliphants of Gask were ardent Jacobites, and Laurence Oliphant of Gask and his eldest son were attainted for their participation in the Jacobite Rising of 1745. The famous Scottish poetess Lady Nairne (Carolina Oliphant), 1766-1844, was of the Gask family and was
named Carolina in honour of Prince Charlie.

The Melvilles are a Lothian family, the first member having settled in Scotland during the reign of King David I. He called his manor  'Mala Ville' hence the name Melville. In early days the Melvilles held many important offices under the crown. Eventually the family died out and the Barony of Melville came into the family of Ross of Halkhead through marriage with the Melville heiress. The title Earl of Melville was conjoined with that of the Earl of Leven. The tartan  was for long known under the trade name of" Oliphant and Melville." A different pattern under the name Melville is found in some early collections of tartan.

OLIVER
Peace.

ORCHARD
A collection of fruit trees.

ORCHARDSON, Sir William Quiller (1832-1910) of Edinburgh. Painter of portraits and industrial social and historical subjects. His Napoleon on board the Bellerophon (1880) is in the Tate Gallery. Elected RA in 1877.

ORD
Point, edge.

ORME
An elm tree.

ORR
Local: from the village of Orr in Kircudbrightshire.

Orr, Robin (1909-) of Brechin. Composer. Professor of Music, Cambridge University. Fellow of St John's College (1965-).

OSWALD
A steward.

Oswald, Richard (1704-84) of Watten, Caithness. Appointed Plenipotentiary for Great Britain in 1782 and sent to Paris where he concluded a peace treaty with the USA which he cosigned with Benjamin Franklin. He then became known as 'Richard the Peacemaker'.

OWEN, Robert Dale (1801-77) of Glasgow. Went to America in 1825 to help in the New Harmony colony. Edited the Free Inquirer in New York, was a member of the Indiana legislature and entered Congress in 1843. Was Minister at Naples (1853-58) and an abolitionist and spiritualist.

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