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Scottish Surnames, Park to Pringle

PARK, Mungo (1771-1806) of Foulshiels nr. Selkirk. Botanist and explorer in Africa, and of the River Niger. Discovered the source of the Niger in 1796. Told of his adventures in Travels in the Interior of Africa (1799).

PARKER, Agnes, of Irvine. Artist and wood engraver. Walter Brewster prize winner at 1st International Exhibition of engravings and lithography, Chicago, in 1929.

The son of Patrick.

Paterson, James R. K. (1897-) Scottish Professor of Radiotherapeutics at University of Manchester (I960-). Director of Radiotherapy, Christie Hospital and Holt Radium Institute. (1931-62).

Paterson, Neil (1915-). Educ. Banff and Edinburgh. Author. Director, Grampian TV. Award winner, American Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (1960). His publications inc. Behold Thy Daughter (1950) and Man on the Tight Rope (1953).

Paterson, Robert (1715-1801) from near Hawick. The original 'Old Mortality', for over 40 years, devoted himself to repairing and erecting headstones to Covenanting martyrs, neglecting his wife and five children.

Paterson, William (1658-1719) of Skipmyre, Dumfriesshire. Financier. Founder of the Bank of England and one of its first Directors in 1694.

Paterson, William J. M. (1911-). Educated Glasgow. British Deputy High Commissioner, Madras (1961-). First Sec. Beirut (1947-50), Damascus (1950), Santiago (1951-53), Foreign Office (1953-55), Counsellor, Baghdad and Oslo (1955-61).

PATON, George P. (1882-) of Angus. Commercial Consultant at Moscow (1930- 37), Consul-General Istanbul (1937-42), Director, Intelligence Division, Far Eastern Bureau, Brit. Min. of Information, New Delhi (1943-46).

PATON, Herbert J. (1887-1969) of Abernethy. Author and editor. Chairman, Board of the Faculty of Social Studies (1944-46), and of Bd. of Studies for Psychology (1950-52). Visiting Professor, Univ. of New York (1955). PATON, John (-d.1684) of Fenwick, Ayrshire. Covenanter who became a Captain in the army of Gustavus Adolphus.

PATON, John Gibson (1824-1907) of Kirkmahoe, Dumfriesshire. Missionary of the Reformed Presbyterian church. New Hebrides (1858).

PATON, Sir Joseph Noel (1821-1901) of Dunfermline. Sculptor, painter and poet. RSA and Queen's Limner for Scotland from 1865. Exhibited at the Royal Academy (1856-83).

PATON, Robert Young (1894-1973) of Perth. Consulting Surgeon. Medical Supt., Mary's Hosp., Paddington (1924-27). Sometime Consulting Surgeon, Princess Louise Kensington Hosp. for children.

PATON, William C. (1886-). Educ. Glasgow and Edinburgh. Major-General. Surgeon-General, Bengal (1941-45). Was Inspector-General of Civil Hospitals, NW Frontier Province (1939-41).

PATON, William Douglas (1874-1953) of Jedburgh. Vice-Admiral with distinguished service in the Great War.

A senator. The family are descended from John Patrick, 1459.

Patrick, James M. (1907-). Educ. Dundee and Glasgow. Painter and etcher. Had paintings purchased for National Galleries, Millbank, South Africa, and Southern Australia.

A corruption of Paterson.

Little, small.

Paul, John (known as John Paul Jones) (1747-92) of Abigland, Kirkbean, Kirkcudbrightshire. Admiral and founder of the American Navy. He had also served in the French Navy and as Rear Admiral in the Russian Navy (1788-89). Was buried with honours at the US Naval Academy, Annapolis. He added 'Jones' to his name when he joined the US Navy in 1775.

A name given from fondness for display - they bear three peacocks in their pride, in their arms.

The son of Pierre.

Local: from Peebles in Peebleshire.

PENDER, Sir John (1815-96) of Vale of Leven, Fife. Manufacturer of textiles and cables. He promoted cable enterprise in all parts of the world. Sometime represented Wick Burgh, Caithness, in Parliament.

PENNY, Jose' Campbell (1893-). Educ. Edinburgh. Became Political Adviser to British Admin. in ex-Italian colonies in Africa (1946-50), UK Representative on UN Consul for Libya (1950-51).

PENTLAND (Henry John Sinclair) 2nd Baron, of Lyth, Caithness. Sometime Director and Vice-President of the American British Electrical Corp. (New York) and of Hunting Surveys Inc., New York.

PEPLOE, Samuel John (1871-1935) of Edinburgh. Artist whose still life paintings brought him fame as a colourist. He also painted landscapes and portraits. (RSA 1927).

A rock.

The son of Peter.

PETTIE, John (1839-93) of Edinburgh. Painter. His works, apart from portraits were mainly historical and literary subjects, and had considerable popularity (RA 1873).

PHILIP, Dr John (1775-1851) of Kirkcaldy. Missionary in S. Africa. First Superintendent of the London Missionary Society.

PHILLIP, John (1817-67) of Aberdeen. Painter (RA 1859). Worked in London from 1836. His best works were in Spanish themes.

PICKEN, Andrew (1788-1833) of Paisley. Author. Published a series of novels including The Sectarian (1829), The Dominie's Legacy (1830) and Waltham (1833).

PICKEN, Ebenezar (1769-1816) of Paisley. Poet. Published several vols. of Scots poems and a Pocket Dictionary of Scottish Dialect (1818).

PINKERTON, Allan (1819-84) of Glasgow. Detective in the USA where in Chicago he established the agency which bears his name. Became head of the US Secret Service in 1861, and was prominent in many celebrated cases, including the breaking up of the 'Molly Maguires'.

PIRIE, Norman W. (1907-) of Stirlingshire. Demonstrator in the Biochemical Lab., Cambridge (1932-40). Became head of the Biochemistry Dept., Rothamstead Experimental Station, Harpenden in 1947.

Local: from the lands of Pitcairn in Perth shire. The family are descended from Johannes de Pitcairn, 1250.

Pitcairn, Robert (1747-70). Scottish midshipman. Pitcairn Island is named after him because he was the first to have sighted it.

Pitcairn, Robert (1793-1855) of Edinburgh. Antiquary and writer. Was editor of Criminal Trials in Scotland 1484-1624 (1830-33).

Pitcairn, Archibald (1652-1713) of Edinburgh. Physician and Satirist. He was the founder of the Medical Faculty of Edinburgh.

PLAYFAIR, John (1748-1819) of Benvie near Dundee. Mathematician and geologist. A strong supporter of the Huttonian theory in geology. He wrote Elements of Geometry (1795), Outlines of Natural Philosophy (1812-16) and Illustrations of the Huttonian Theory of Earth (1802). Elected FRS in 1807.

PLAYFAIR, William Henry (1789-1857). Born in London of Scottish parents. Architect. Designed Donaldson's Hospital, the National Monument, National Gallery and many other Edinburgh buildings.

PLENDERLEITH, Harold J. (1898-). Educ. Dundee. Was appointed Director in 1959 of the International Centre for the study of the Preservation of Cultural Property (created by UNESCO).

Local: from the parish of Pollock in Renfrewshire. The family are descended from Petrus Pollok, temp. Malcolm IV.

Pollock, Robert (1798-1827) of Muirhouse, Renfrewshire. Poet. His best work was 'The Course of Time' (1827) a poetical description of the spiritual life of man.

POLSON, William of Paisley. About 1840 with John Brown produced a cornflour powder when they were trying to make starch for cloth from maize. Later Brown and Poison became part of a worldwide concern, marketing a large range of other food products.

PONT, Timothy (c. 1560-1630), educated St Andrews. Geographer, mathematician, cartographer and Minister of Dunnet, Caithness (1601). Produced the first Scottish Atlas.

Local: from the village of Porterfield in Renfrewshire. The family are descended from John de Porter, 1262.

PORTEOUS, Alexander (1896-) of Haddington. Professor of Educa-tion, Univ. of Liverpool (1954-63). Prof. of Philosophy at South Coll. Northampton, Mass. USA (1926-30) and at McGill Univ. Montreal (1930-32).

PORTEOUS, Revd Norman (1898-) of Haddington. Professor of Hebrew and Semetic Languages, Univ. of Edinburgh (1937-). Principal of New Coll. and Dean of the Faculty of Divinity, Edinburgh (1964-)

Local: from the town of Preston in Haddingtonshire. The family are descended from Leolphus de Preston, 1165.

Local: from the lands of Primrose in Fifeshire. The family bear three primroses in their arms.

A pilgrim. The family are descended from William Pringle of Whitton, 1492, they bear in their arms the escallop shells or badges of pilgrims to the Holy Land.

Pringle, Sir John (1707-82) of Stichill, Roxburghshire. Founder of modern military medicine. Appointed Physician-General to the forces in the Low Countries in 1744. (FRS 1752). His Observations on the Diseases of the Army (1752) laid down principles of military sanitation and ventilation of barracks, hospitals and ships. He did much to improve the conditions of servicemen.

Pringle, Thomas (1789-1834) of Blaiklaw, Roxburghshire. Writer who for three years was Govt. Librarian at Capetown. On his return to London he became Sec. to the Anti-slavery Society in 1826.

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