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Scottish Surnames, Waddell to Wright

WADDELL, Sir Alexander (1913-) of Angus. Colonial Secretary, Gambia (1952-56), Sierra Leone (1956-58). Governor and C in C, Sarawak (1960-63).

WALKER
An inspector of a forest.

Walker, Sir James (1863-1935) of Dundee. Chemist. Known for his work on hydrolysis, ionization and amphoteric electrolytes. Elected FRS in 1900.

Walker, James (1916-) educated Falkirk. Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. Visiting Prof. Univ. of New York State (1957), Florida (1965) and McGill Univ. (1967)

WALLACE
The family are descended from Eimurus Galleius, whose son Richard Walense was living in the time of Walter the first Steward, and was father of Henry Waleys; whose son was Adam Wallace of Riccarton, 1158.

In the old Latin documents the term Wallensis, or Walensis, was used to designate the Welsh, but in Scotland it was used more particularly to designate the Britons of Strathclyde who were of the same stock. From this word the name Wallace is derived.

Richard Wallace, in the 12th century, obtained extensive lands in Ayrshire, in the district now known as Riccarton. His son Henry Walays acquired lands in Renfrewshire and his descendant Sir Malcolm Wallace of Elderslie was the father of Scotland's greatest patriot, Sir William Wallace, who was his second son.

In his early years Wallace and his mother had to take refuge near Dunipace from the English, for the Wallaces refused to do homage to Edward I. While still very young, Wallace became the leader of a company of patriots, and his harassing tactics against the English earned for him the support of many nobles. His reprisal against the garrison at Lanark for the murder of his sweetheart, and the burning of the barns of Ayr in revenge for the murder of his uncle and other gentlemen who had been invited to a conference, gained him still more supporters. His military genius made him hated and feared by Edward I, and his only defeats were brought about by the jealousies and treachery of nobles forming his own armies. By treachery he was captured at Robroyston, near Glasgow, and delivered to Edward I by Sir John Mentieth. Wallace was brutally executed in London in 1305, but his example kindled a spirit of independence in Scotland that was never extinguished.

The Wallaces of Craigie, of Cessnock, of Kelly, and of Cairnhill were all descended from the original family of Riccarton in Ayrshire.

Wallace, Alfred Russel (1823-1913) ofUsk, Monmouthshire and of Scottish descent. Architect, land surveyor and naturalist who independently formulated before Darwin, the theory of natural selection. Elected FRS in 1893.

Wallace, Sir Donald Mackenzie (1841-1919) of Dunbartonshire. Journalist, and author. Traveller and foreign correspondent of The Times. Edited 10th edition of Encyclopaedia Britannica. Was private sec. to two Viceroys of India. Wrote his highly successful Russia in 1877.

Wallace, lan B. (1919-), born in London of Scottish (Kirkcaldy) parents. Singer, actor and broadcaster. Panellist on radio and TV quiz game My Music. Theatrical career includes a Royal Command Perfor-mance in the Palladium (1952) and 'Toad' in Toad of Toad Hall (1964).

Wallace, John B. (1907-) of Cambuslang. Air Vice-Marshal. Deputy Director-General of Medical Services, RAF (1961-66).

Wallace, Nellie (1870-1948) of Glasgow. Comedienne. Described as the funniest of all Scottish women comics.

Wallace, Robert (1773-1855) of Ayrshire. Parliamentarian, Postal and Law reformer. It was mainly through him that Rowland Hill's Penny Postage was introduced.

Wallace, Sir William (1274-1305) of Elderslie, Renfrewshire. Scottish patriot, hero and martyr. Chief champion of Scotland's independence. Routed the English at the battle of Stirling Bridge in 1297.

WALLS, Henry (1907-) of Edinburgh. Director, Metropolitan Police Laboratory, New Scotland Yard (1964-). Dir. Home Office Forensic Science Lab., Newcastle upon Tyne (1958-64).

WARDLAW, Henry (1378-1440). Scottish Divine who played a prominent part in founding St Andrews University (1411).

WARRENBER
Originally de Warren. The family are de-scended from Robert de Warren, who settled in East Lothian from Yorkshire.

WATERS, Sir George Alexander (1880-1967) of Thurso, Caithness. Editor of the Scotsman (1924-44).

WATERSTON, John James (1811-83) of Edinburgh. Physicist. Developed the Kinetic theory of gases. Was the first to make an accurate theoretical prediction of the speed of sound.

WATSON
The son of Walter, which signifies the lord of the wood-from wold, a wood, and heer, a master.

Watson, Benjamin P. (1880-) of Anstruther. Sometime professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Columbia Univ., New York.

Watson, Sir Daril G. (1888-1967) of Paisley ? General, GOC 2nd Div. (1940-41), Asst. Chief Imp. General Staff (1942), GOC in C Western Command (1944-46) and Quartermaster-General to the Forces (1946-47).

Watson, Sir James A. S. (1889-1966) of Dundee. Agricultural Attache, Brit. Embassy, Washington (1942-44). Chief Scientific and Agricultural Adviser to Min. of Agric., and Director-General, Nat. Agric. Advisory Service (1948-54).

Watson, James W. (1915-), educ. Edinburgh and Toronto. Professor of Geography and Head of the Dept. of Geography, Edinburgh Univ. (1954-). Was Chief Geographer, Canada, and Director of the Geographical Branch, Dept. of Mines and Tech. Surveys, Canada (1949-54).

Watson, John (1850-1907) born in Essex. Scottish novelist and minister. His pseudonym was 'lan Maclaren'. His writings were popular for his descriptions of Scottish rural life, including Beside the Bonny Brier Bush (1894) and The Young Barbarians (1901).

Watson, Robert (1746-1838) of Elgin. Adventurer. Fought for American Independence. Sometime Napoleon's tutor in English, and President of Scots College, Paris.

WATSON-WATT, Sir Robert Alexander (1892-1973) of Brechin. Physicist and inventor. Appointed Scientific Adviser to the Air Ministry in 1940. He was the inventor of Radar.

WATT, George Fiddes (1873-1960) of Aberdeen. Portrait painter. Be-came noted for his portraits of celebrated men of his time.

WATT, Harry (1906-) of Edinburgh. Film director. Some of his best known feature films included Night Mail (1936) The Overlanders (1946) and Where no Vultures Fly (1951).

WATT, James (1736-1819) of Greenock. Mathematical instrument maker and prolific inventor. Developed the improved steam engine, invented the condenser (1765), sun and planet gear (1784), the gover-nor, water gauge, parallel motion, smokeless furnace and a letter copying machine. The 'Watt' as a unit of power is named after him.

WATT, Robert (1774-1819) of Stewarton, Ayrshire. Bibliographer and distinguished physician. Known for his Bibliotheca Britannica (1819-24).

WAUGH, Sir Andrew Scott (1810-78) educ. Edinburgh. Major-General and Surveyor-General of India (1843-).

WAUGH, Sir Arthur A. (1891-1968) of Edinburgh. Secretary, Dept. of Supply, Gov. of India (1943). Controller of Establishments, British Consul (1948-54), Chairman, Salaries Commission, Ghana (1956-57).

WAVERLEY, (John Anderson) (1882-1958) 1st Viscount of Eskbank. Administrator and Cabinet Minister. Home Sec. and Min. for Home Security (1939-40). The 'Anderson' air raid shelter bears his name. Became Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1943. He later introduced pay-as-you-earn income tax.

WEBSTER, John H.D. (1882-) of Edinburgh. Radiologist. Sometime Emeritus Consultant, Middlesex Hospital. Published several works on Periodicity in Nature, Life, Mind and Disease.

WEDDERBURN
Local: from the lands of Wedderburn in Berwickshire.

WEIR, James G. (1887-1973) of Dumfriesshire. Sometime Director of the Bank of England.

WEIR, Molly, of Glasgow. Character and Comedy actress and writer. Became popular on radio as Tattie Mclntosh in Itma. Aggie in Life with the Lyons and Ivy McTweed in The McFlannels. She is the author of several and much enjoyed books.

WELLWOOD
Pounded by Velvud, a Danish courtier, who escorted Anne, Queen to James VI, to Scotland, and received from her a grant of the lands of Touch, and the following armorial bearings, argent, out of a well gules, an oak tree growing, vert.

WEMYSS
Local: from the town of Wemyss in Fifeshire. The family are descended from John, son of Macduff, Thane of Fife, who assumed the name from his lands.

Wemyss, (Francis W. C. Douglas) (1818-1914) Earl of Wemyss, of Edinburgh. Politician and promoter of the volunteer system (1859 onwards) and the National Rifle Association.

WHEELER, Sir Robert Eric Mortimer (1890-1976) of Glasgow. Archaeologist. Was Keeper and Secretary of the London Museum (1926-34). Prof. of the Archaeology of the Roman Provinces at the Univ. of London (1948-55). Served in the Army in both World Wars. Commanded a Brigade in North Africa and Italy.

WHITEHEAD
Gray haired.

WHITELAW, William Stephen lan, 1st Viscount (1918-) of Monkland, Nairn. Farmer and parliamentarian. His appointments incl. Chancellor of the Exc. (1957-58), Lord President of Council and Leader of the House of Commons (1972-73), Sec. of State for N. Ireland (1972-73), Home Sec. (1979-83), Leader, House of Lords (1983-88).

WHITTEN-BROWN, Sir Arthur (1886-1948) of Glasgow. Airman who with Sir John Alcock made the first direct transatlantic flight in 1919 in a Vickers Vimy bomber plane. He won a prize of 10,000.

WHYTT, Robert (1714-66) of Edinburgh. A pioneer neurologist. One of the first to investigate reflex action.

WIGHT, James Alfred (1916-) of Glasgow. Veterinary surgeon. Best known as the best selling author 'James Herriot'. His many works incl. If only they could Talk (1970), It Shouldn't Happen to a Vet and All Creatures Great and Small (1972), Let Sleeping Vets Lie and All Things Bright and Beautiful (1973), Vet in Harness (1974), Vets Might Fly (1976) and Vet in Spain (1977).

WILKIE, Sir David (1785-1841) of Cults in Fife. Painter and etcher. Famous for such pictures as The Blind Fiddler (1806) and the Village Festival (1811), both in the Tate Gallery. In 1830 he was made painter extraordinary to the King. Elected RA in 1811.

WILKIE, David (1954-). Scotsman born in Colombo, Sri Lanka. Swimmer and sports commentator. Olympic gold medal winner in 1976 in the 200 metres breaststroke. Held 30 major records (3 World, 9 European and 18 Commonwealth) and 15 major swimming medals (8 Gold, 4 Silver and 3 Bronze). Writer's Assoc of Gt. Britain 'Sportsman of the Year' 1975 and Europe swimming 'Man of the Year' 1975.

WILLIAMSON, John (1740-1803) ofEshaness, Shetland. Weaver and true pioneer in the fight against smallpox by serum inoculations. He was also a blacksmith, carpenter and clock repairer. His frequent dabbling in mechanical inventions earned him the nickname 'Johnnie Notions'. His development of a serum against smallpox preceded Englishman Edward Jenner's who was generally credited as being first with successful inoculations.

WILSON
The son of William. The family are said to be descended from a Prince of Denmark, and were established at a very remote period in the Orkney islands, intermarrying with the clans of Monro, and others. After a long continu-ance in the north, alliances taking place with some of the principal Lowland families, the Wilsons moved southward. Motto: " Wilsone will."

Wilson, Alexander (1766-1813) of Paisley. Artist, Ornithologist and poet. Went to America in 1794. His skill in drawing led him to paint a collection of all the birds in America, and then published American Ornithology (1808-13 in 7 vols.)

Wilson, Arthur G. (1900-) of Glasgow ? Major-General GSOI Australian Imperial Forces, UK and later Asst. Military Liaison Of-ficer, Aust. High Commissioner's Office UK till 1943. With Australian Forces in New Guinea, Philippines and Borneo (1943-45). Commanded the British Commonwealth Base, Japan (1946-47).

Wilson, Charles Thomson-Rees (1869-1959) of Glencorse. Pioneer in Atomic and Nuclear Physics. Prof. of Natural Philosophy at Cambridge (1925-34). Famous for his invention of the 'Wilson Cloud Chamber', an indispensible tool of modern physics ever since for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1927. Elected a Fellow of the Royal Society.

Wilson, James (1805-60) of Hawick. Economist. Became an authority on the Corn Laws and Currency. Founded The Economist.

Wilson, James of St Andrews. A member of the US Constitutional Convention of 1787 and an Assoc. Justice of the US Supreme Court.

Wilson, John (nicknamed 'Christopher North') (1785-1858) of Pais-ley. Journalist and poet. Elected to the Chair of Moral Philosophy in Edinburgh in 1820.

Wilson, John (1800-49) of Edinburgh. Singer. For years a favourite operatic tenor in London (Covent Garden and Drury Lane). Toured America and Canada.

Wilson, John (1804-75) of Lauder. Missionary in Bombay (1828-75). Sometime Vice-Chancellor of Bombay University. Worked for abolition of the slave trade.

Wilson, John Mackay (1804-35) of Tweedmouth. Writer and editor. Known for his Tales of the Borders (6 vols. 1833-40) which was continued after his death by his widow.

Wilson, Robert (1803-82) of Dunbar. Inventor of the screw propellor for ships, and a double-acting steam hammer in 1861.

Wilson, Robert (-d. 1964) Scottish singer who popularised the old song 'Scotland the Brave', now regarded by many as the Scottish Anthem.

Wilson, Samuel, born in America of Greenock parents. The original 'Uncle Sam' of America, and his wife was known as 'Aunt Betsy'. He was a meat packer, supplying the Colonial army in 1812.

WIMBERLEY, Douglas N. (1896-) Major-General Commanding the 51st Highland Div. (1941-43) in North Africa when Rommel was defeated at Alamein.

WINTON
Local: from Winton in Haddingtonshire.

WISHART
The family are of ancient date in Forfarshire, and are descended from Robert, a natural son of David, Earl of Huntingdon, who having gone on a crusade to the Holy Land, was called Guishart, on account of the slaughter he made of the Saracens. Adam "Wishart of Logie, was living in 1272.

Wishart, George (c. 1513-46) of Kincardineshire. Protestant reformer and martyr. Translated the Swiss Confessions of Faith. Was arrested at Cardinal Beaton's instance in 1546 and burned at St Andrews on a charge of heresy.

WITHERSPOON, Dr John (1723-94) from East Lothian. Theologian and Minister. Went to America and became first President of Princeton University. Was the only cleric to be one of the signatories of the American Declaration of Independence in 1776.

WOLFSON, Sir Isaac (1897-) of Glasgow. Became a chain stores tycoon, and head of The Great Universal Stores Ltd.

WOOD
Originally de Bosco-they bear an oak tree in their arms.

Wood, Alexander (1817-84) Scottish physician who advocated the use of the Hypodermic Syringe for injections in 1883.

Wood, Sir Andrew (c. 1455-1539) of Largo. Naval Commander as-sociated with James IV in his efforts to build up a Scottish Navy. Was very successful against English vessels raiding in the Firth of Forth.

WOODBURN, Arthur (1890-) of Edinburgh. Parliamentary Sec. Min. of Supply (1945-47). Sec. of State for Scotland (1947-50). Member, Select Committee on House of Commons Procedure (1956-68).

WRIGHT, Revd Ronald Selby (1908-) of Edinburgh? Broadcaster known as the 'Radio Padre'. Toured all Commands during World War II. Chaplain for the Queen in Scotland (1963-).

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