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Battle of Dunbar

Battle of Dunbar Scotland

Cromwell's Masterstroke. Dunbar 1650. The victory at Dunbar of Oliver Cromwell's New Model Army over the Scots under David Leslie merits a major place in the long succession of Anglo-Scottish battles. The Scots had brought Cromwell's invading army to its knees, but Cromwell took the offensive and, in one of the great upsets of military history, the Scots army was routed. The triumph secured Cromwell's reputation as the outstanding general of the age and demonstrated the toughness and flair of the New Model Army he commanded. Cromwell's Masterstroke: Dunbar 1650.

Dunbar 1650. Cromwell's Most Famous Victory. When Charles Stuart was crowned King of Scotland, Cromwell led the English army north to counter the threat he now posed. Their march on Edinburgh was opposed by Leslie's Scottish army who used guerrilla tactics to force them back as far as Dunbar. Battle ensued on 3 September 1650, and the Scots fought with great determination until Cromwell led his cavalry against their right wing. The Scots army crumbled from right to left, and was driven from the field. Leslie retreated and Cromwell captured Edinburgh, although the war continued for another year after this crushing English victory. Dunbar 1650: Cromwell's Most Famous Victory (Campaign).

Dunbar Castle is now in ruins but even so there are enough remains left to fire the imagination of enthusiasts. In 1339 Black Agnes, the Countess of March and Dunbar, defied the Earl of Salisbury and held the castle against him for over six weeks until supplies were brought in by
sea. Mary, Queen of Scots stayed here with Darnley in 1566 after the murder of Rizzio. Two years later she was brought here once more by Bothwell, after Darnley's murder and a few days before she surrendered to her rebellious nobles. The tragic queen returned a third time to gather her forces for a disastrous battle on Carberry Hill, after which Regent Moray ordered the castle to be dismantled. Today only crumbling red sandstone walls remain as a reminder of what had been one of Scotland's most formidable strongholds. Just south-east of the town of Dunbar off the Great North Road is a stone marking the site of Cromwell's Battle of Dunbar in 1650.

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