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Sir William Mure of Rowallan (1594- 1657) - Poet

He was born in 1594 on the family estate of Rowallan in Ayrshire, Scotland. He was probably educated locally and at the University of Glasgow. In 1639 he succeeded to the family estates becoming a member of Parliament in 1645. A staunch Protestant, Mure fought in the Scots army at the Battle of Marston Moor (1644), but his heart was never in soldiering. Mure's delight in poetry had begun as early as 1611, and through his mother's family relationship to Alexander Montgomerie he looked on himself as being an hereditary poet. A considerable portion of his poetry was written as propaganda for the covenanters, including The Cry of Blood and of a Broken Covenant (1650), and his Counterbuff (1640) to those who compared the Covenanters to the Jesuits. His longest religious poem, The True Crucifixe of True Catholicks was published in 1629 and he also wrote versions of the Psalms which were commended for use by the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland. Among his juvenilia are several love poems and courtly addresses which are  imitative of the Elizabethans. Mure wrote a number of scholarly translations and his reputation as a poet rests on his skilful rendering into English of the story of Dido asnd Aeneas from the Aeneid.

Works; The Muse's Welcome (1618); Doomesday (1628); Fancie's Farewell (1628); A Spirituall Hymne (1628); The True Crucifixe of True Catholicks (1629); Psalms (1630); The Counterbuff to Lysimachus Nicanor (1640); Caledon's Complaint (1641); The Cry of Blood and of a Broken Covenant (1650).

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